Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)

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Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)
Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" (Жуляни)
Kyiv International Airport Logo.gif
Kiev - Zhulyany (IEV - UKKK) AN2326841.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Owner City of Kiev/Govt. of Ukraine
Serves Kiev, Ukraine
Location Zhuliany
Opened 1924
Focus city for Wizz Air[2]
Elevation AMSL 179 m / 587 ft
Coordinates 50°24′06″N 30°27′06″E / 50.40167°N 30.45167°E / 50.40167; 30.45167Coordinates: 50°24′06″N 30°27′06″E / 50.40167°N 30.45167°E / 50.40167; 30.45167
Website iev.aero
Map
IEV is located in Kiev Oblast
IEV
IEV
Location in Kiev Oblast
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08/26 2,310 7,579 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers Increase 1,851,700[3]
Flights Increase 23,257

Igor Sikorsky Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) (Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" імені Ігоря Сікорського (Жуляни)) (IATA: IEVICAO: UKKK) is one of the two passenger airports of the Ukrainian capital Kiev, the other being Boryspil International Airport. It is owned by the municipality of Kiev and located in the Zhuliany neighbourhood, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) southwest of the city centre. Aside from facilitating regular passenger flights, Kyiv International Airport is also the main business aviation airport in Ukraine, and one of the busiest business aviation hubs in Europe.[4]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The airport is known since 1923 as a military airfield that was co-used by the "Ukrpovitroshlyakh" ("Ukrainian Society of Air Communications") which in 1934 was completely integrated into Aeroflot as the latter's regional administration. The airport terminal was built only after World War II in 1949. Until the 1960s, Zhuliany was the only passenger airport serving Kiev.[citation needed]

In 1959, the larger Boryspil International Airport was built near the city of Boryspil, gradually replacing Zhuliany as the main airport serving Kyiv. Since that time the old "Kiev" airport became commonly known just as "Zhuliany" (or Kyiv-Zhuliany) and was used for Soviet domestic flights only.[citation needed]

International flights and traffic revival[edit]

After Ukraine gained independence in 1991, "Kyiv" airport began receiving international flights from nearby countries (first from its former Soviet "domestic" destinations), increasingly so since the 2000s when Ukraine's civil aviation started booming. On 27 March 2011, Wizz Air, the locally-pioneering low cost airline, moved all its operations to "Zhuliany" from the Boryspil Airport,[5] - starting the new era of around-the-clock flights at the airport and increasing the passenger traffic by 15 to 20%.

In 2012, the airport has managed to survive the European cold wave without major flight delays or cancellations.[6]

Surrounded by major railways, highways and residential districts, the airport has limited possibilities to expand its runway. Therefore, it is limited in the weight of aircraft that are allowed to fly in the airport (currently up to Boeing 737/Airbus A320 type). In 2013, the airport declared plans to expand the runway for additional 150 m, although stressing complete safety and operability of its current length.[7] Other parts of the airport infrastructure are also being developed. The new "A" terminal opened on 17 May 2012,[8][9] now receives all international and some domestic flights. Projects for expanding Zhuliany's taxiways and aircraft parking lots considered as well.[citation needed]

Recent developments[edit]

In the first half of 2013, the airport's passenger traffic rose 2.7-fold (to 816,757 passengers per year) since the beginning of the year, including 4.2-fold growth of the domestic traffic.[10] According to the media and industry experts, once underdog Zhuliany Airport has rapidly grown into a major, and more efficient, competitor to the country's leading Boryspil Airport.[11]

As of July 2013, Moscow, Treviso and Dortmund were the most popular international destinations from the airport, with Simferopol, Donetsk and Odessa leading among domestic destinations.[10] Also in 2013, the airport opened a new domestic terminal and a new business terminal,[12] with currently 3 terminals in service.

In March 2015, Wizz Air Ukraine announced that it would cease operations leading to the cancellation of several routes from their base at the airport. Only some of their former routes were taken over by its parent, Wizz Air,[13] though the airlines has since expanded its flight network from the airport, with twenty destinations to be served by August 2017.[citation needed]

Between the 14th and 24 May 2017, the airport was closed for runway improvement work.[14] Wizz Air transferred its flights to Boryspil International Airport during that period.[15]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany):[16]

Airlines Destinations
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino[17]
Anda Air Seasonal charter: Antalya, Batumi,[18] Bodrum, Burgas, Dalaman, Rimini, Tirana, Tivat, Varna
Belavia Minsk
Bravo Airways Seasonal charter: Alicante, Antalya, Batumi, Bodrum, Burgas, Dalaman, Djerba, El Alamein, Hurghada, Izmir, Larnaca, Malta, Monastir, Patras, Podgorica, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tirana, Tivat, Tunis[19]
Buta Airways Baku
Ernest Airlines Bergamo, Bologna (begins 23 June 2018), Naples[20]
flydubai Dubai–International
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Motor Sich Airlines Lviv, Odessa, Zaporizhia
Nordica Tallinn (begins 26 April 2018)[21]
Pegasus Airlines Ankara
UM Airlines Amman–Queen Alia, Beirut, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Vueling Barcelona
Seasonal: Rome–Fiumicino
Wizz Air Bratislava, Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dortmund, Gdańsk, Hamburg, Hahn, Hannover, Katowice, Larnaca, Lisbon (begins 21 June 2018),[22][23] London–Luton, Lublin,[24] Memmingen, Nuremberg,[25] Poznań, Tallinn (begins 21 June 2018),[22][23] Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław
Yanair Batumi, Tbilisi
Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (resumes 25 March 2018)

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
SprintAir Warsaw–Chopin

Neighboring aviation facilities[edit]

  • A major aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul company, the so-called Kiev Aircraft Repair Plant 410, adjoins the airport.
  • In 2003, the Ukraine State Aviation Museum was created in one of the industrial estates neighboring the airport. It is the largest aviation museum in Ukraine, exhibiting some unique Soviet examples including original prototypes for famous airliners.
  • The Ukrainian Air Force and the Ukrainian National Guard maintain a small training facility in the vicinity of the Zhuliany Airport.[citation needed]

Statistics[edit]

The original Soviet-built passenger terminal, served as the domestic terminal until mid-2013.
Year Passengers Change Kyiv Zhuliany Airport Passenger Totals 2002–2017 (in millions)
2002 258,800[26] -
2003 284,000 Increase09.7%
2004 211,300 Decrease025.5%
2005 110,100 Decrease048.0%
2006 75,000 Decrease032.0%
2007 92,400 Increase023.2%
2008 30,400 Decrease067.0%
2009 12,100 Decrease060.0%
2010 29,000 Increase0140.0%
2011 469,800 Increase01.520%
2012 862,000 Increase083.5%
2013 1,838,393 Increase0113.3%
2014 1,090,120 Decrease040.7%
2015 944,305 Decrease013.4%
2016 1,127,500[27] Increase019.4%
2017 1,851,700[28] Increase067.3%

Ground transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

The Airport is connected to the city's main highway infrastructure via the Povitroflotskyi Avenue, and served by a number of city transport routes, including:[citation needed]

As well as private bus routes. Car parking facilities at the airport itself are limited, however, long stay parking can be found in the airport's immediate vicinity. Taxis can often be found waiting directly outside the terminal, in the passenger drop-off/pick-up area.

Rail[edit]

The airport's passenger terminal is located about 0.5 km away from the Kyiv-Volynskyi rail station - a stop for elektrichka commuter trains as well as for the new intracity Urban Electric Train service.[citation needed]

Metro[edit]

Plans for the Orange line 4 Podilsko-Vyhurivska Line, which is planned for construction elsewhere in the city, includes the Airport transfer station from the 'Zhulyany' Airport. The station is expected to be constructed by 2030.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Code IATA «IeV» from old soviet transliteration Kiev. KIE was already used by Kieta Airport
  2. ^ "Wizzair wickelt Ukraine-Tochter ab" [Wizzair handles Ukrainian subsidiary] (in German). aero.de. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  3. ^ "Статистика Міжнародного аеропорту «Київ», грудень 2017. Підсумки року". Retrieved 9 January 2018. 
  4. ^ "Жуляны" настроены по-деловому ["Juliani" set up to do business] (in Russian). Kommersant.ua. 7 December 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  5. ^ Wizz Air перевела свої рейси з Борисполя в Жуляни [Wizz Air has transferred its flights from Boryspil to Juliani]. News.bigmir.net (in Russian). 25 September 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  6. ^ Столичні аеропорти працюють у штатному режимі [The capital's airports are operating in normal mode]. Kiev.unian.net (in Ukrainian). 14 February 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  7. ^ ЧП в Жулянах: авиакомпания жалуется на посадочную полосу, аэропорт намекает на ошибку экипажа [Problem at Zhuliany: Airline complains about the runway, airport implies crew error]. Korrespondent.net (in Russian). 13 July 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "Kolesnikov opens new terminal at Kyiv Airport". Kyiv Post. 17 May 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-05-17. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  9. ^ "Digital Journal: Ukraine opens second airport in Kyiv". Kyiv Post. 22 May 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-05-23. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  10. ^ a b Аэропорт Жуляны похвалился трехкратным ростом пассажиропотока в 2013 [Juliani Airport boasting a three-fold increase in passenger traffic in 2013]. Korrespondent.net (in Russian). 9 July 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  11. ^ Киев уходит в небо. Аэропорт Жуляны превращается в младшего брата-счастливчика не слишком успешного Борисполя [Kiev is heading for the skies. Juliani airport is turning to the success of its younger brother, Boryspil] (in Russian). Korrespondent.net. 13 May 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  12. ^ "Kyiv international airport opens business terminal". Kyiv Post. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "Wizz Air Further Restructures Ukrainian Operations". Wizzair.com. 26 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  14. ^ "Аеропорт "Жуляни" закриють на капітальний ремонт". 5 канал (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2017-03-14. 
  15. ^ "Wizz Air временно перебазирует самолет в Борисполь". www.avianews.com. Retrieved 2017-03-14. 
  16. ^ airport.kiev.ua - For passengers retrieved 22 July 2016
  17. ^ "Flights to Rome, Italy and worldwide destinations - Alitalia". Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "ANDA Air and Aegean Airlines to increase flights in Georgia". Agenda.ge. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  19. ^ http://www.iev.aero/en/passengers/the-seasonal-timetable/en.pdf
  20. ^ "Ernest Airlines начнет летать из Киева и Львова в Италию по 50 евро". avianews.com by Aviation Today. 1 September 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017. 
  21. ^ Nordica launches flights to Kiev-Zhuliany on April 2018
  22. ^ a b New WizzAir routes from Kiev to ESTONIA (Tallin) and to Lisbon!, Travelfree.info, 12.07.2017
  23. ^ a b Wizz Air: New routes from Kyiv to Lisbon and Tallinn!, Fly4free.com, 12.07.2017
  24. ^ https://www.tanie-loty.com.pl/blogi/13880-nowa-trasa-wizz-air-z-lublina.html
  25. ^ Liu, Jim (19 December 2016). "WizzAir expands Kiev Zhulyany service from Aug 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  26. ^ "Аэропорт Киев Жуляны: как доехать, авиабилеты, такси, расписание". Aviation Today. Retrieved 3 February 2018. 
  27. ^ "Авиакомпании и аэропорты Украины: итоги работы в 2016 году". Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  28. ^ "Статистика Міжнародного аеропорту «Київ», грудень 2017. Підсумки року". Retrieved 12 January 2018. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) at Wikimedia Commons

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Weather Service.