Albertirsa–Zakhidnoukrainska–Vinnytsia powerline

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from "Mir" transmission line)
Jump to: navigation, search
Albertirsa–Zakhidnoukrainska–Vinnytsia powerline
The powerline meets Motorway M3 just east of Nagykalló in Hungary
The powerline meets Motorway M3 just east of Nagykalló in Hungary
Карта ЛЕП 750 кВ Альбертірша-Вінниця.png
Location of Albertirsa–Zakhidnoukrainska–Vinnytsia powerline
Location
Country Hungary, Ukraine
Coordinates 47°13′28″N 19°34′48″E / 47.22444°N 19.58000°E / 47.22444; 19.58000 (Albertirsa Substation)
48°15′6″N 22°22′00″E / 48.25167°N 22.36667°E / 48.25167; 22.36667 (Crossing of border between Hungary and Ukraine)
49°23′11″N 24°14′57″E / 49.38639°N 24.24917°E / 49.38639; 24.24917 (Zakhidnoukrainska Substation)
49°09′54″N 28°43′23″E / 49.16500°N 28.72306°E / 49.16500; 28.72306 (Vinnytsia Substation)
General direction west–east
From Albertirsa, Hungary
Passes through Zakhidnoukrainska
To Vinnytsia, Ukraine
Construction information
Construction started 1975
Commissioned 1979
Technical information
Type Overhead transmission line
Type of current HVAC
Total length 479 km (298 mi)
Power rating 2,000 MW
AC voltage 750 kV
No. of circuits 1

The Albertirsa–Zakhidnoukrainska–Vinnytsia powerline is a power transmission line between Ukraine and Hungary. It is a part of the former "Mir" transmission system between the Soviet Union and Comecon countries, as of today, it is the only 750 kV-powerline in Hungary and one of the few powerlines operated with this voltage in the European Union.

History[edit]

On 28 February 1974, the USSR, Bulgaria, Hungary, GDR, Poland and Czechoslovakia signed a cooperation agreement on construction of the 750 kV-line between Vinnytsia and Albertirsa, and substations Vinnytsia, Zakhidnoukrainska and Albertirsa.[1] Construction started in 1975 and it went in service in 1979.[2][3]

Since the synchronization of the power grid of Hungary with that of the synchronous grid of Continental Europe (ENTSO-E) and because of economic reasons, the powerline went out of service in 1993, but was put in service again in 2002 after some new equipment was installed.[2][4]

Technical description[edit]

The 479-kilometre (298 mi) long power line connects the substation of Albertirsa in Hungary with Zakhidnoukrainska substation, which is situated between Zhydachiv and Khodoriv in Ukraine. From there is runs further east to Vinnytsia substation, which is located in Vinnytsia Raion (southeast of the city of Vinnytsia).

Portal pylons are used as suspension pylons, these are free-standing structures in areas, which are sometimes flooded and guyed ones in areas without flood-danger. As anchor pylons towers with one crossbar are used whereby the conductor is led around the pylon structure, the powerline was designed for the transmission of 2,000 MW electricity.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ginsburgs, George (1987). A calendar of Soviet treaties, 1974–1980. 33. BRILL. p. 9. ISBN 978-90-247-3628-7. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  2. ^ a b c Bán, G.; Prikler, L.; Bánfai, G. (2003). 750 kV Reactive Power Control, Automatic Reclosing and Overvoltage Protection (PDF). IEEE Bologna Power Tech Conference. Bologna: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  3. ^ Trzeciakowski, Witold (August 1982). "Energy: Prospects and Policy issues in Intra-CMEA Relations" (PDF). International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. CP-82-52. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  4. ^ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2000). Regulatory reform in Hungary. OECD reviews of regulatory reform. p. 266. ISBN 978-92-64-17667-6. Retrieved 2010-04-02.