'Abd ar-Rahman ibn Muhammad al-Amin

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'Abd ar-Rahman ibn Muhammad or Darman
ReignOctober 1853 – 3 September 1854
PredecessorUmar I ibn Muhammad al-Amin
SuccessorUmar I ibn Muhammad al-Amin
DiedDecember 1854[1]
Borno
Burial
DynastyKanemi
FatherMuhammad al-Amin al-Kanemi
ReligionMuslim

'Abd ar-Rahman, Abdurrahman or Darman was Shehu of Borno from 1853 to 1854.

Reign of 'Abd ar-Rahman[edit]

With the help of some courtiers of Kukawa, 'Abd ar-Rahman deposed his brother Umar in November 1853 and became Shehu of Borno. He was considered too violent and tyrannical by his followers which explains why he only reigned for ten months before his brother reconquered his throne in September 1854.[2] He was then executed, most probably in December 1854.

'Abd ar-Rahman as seen by Heinrich Barth[edit]

In 1851, a British expedition led by Heinrich Barth arrived in Borno. For Barth,'Abd ar-Rahman was a

good soldier but a man of very loose and violent character. When a youth he had committed all sorts of violence and injustice, carrying off young brides by force to indulge his passions; he was besides, a man of little intelligence. Being but a few months younger than Omar, he thought himself equally entitled to the succession; and if once admitted into a high position in the empire, he might be expected to abuse his influence on the very first opportunity

Dynasty[edit]

'Abd ar-Rahman ibn Muhammad al-Amin
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Umar of Borno
3rd Shehu of Borno
1853-1854
Succeeded by
Umar of Borno

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Lavers, John, "The Al- Kanimiyyin Shehus: a Working Chronology" in Berichte des Sonderforschungsbereichs, 268, Bd. 2, Frankfurt a. M. 1993: 179-186.
  2. ^ Louis Brenner, The Shehus of Kukawa: A History of the Al-Kanemi Dynasty of Bornu, Oxford Studies in African Affairs (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1973), pp.74-80.
  3. ^ Heinrich Barth,Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa (London: Longman, 1857), p.41.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Barth, Heinrich, Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa (London: Longman, 1857).
  • Brenner, Louis, The Shehus of Kukawa: A History of the Al-Kanemi Dynasty of Bornu, Oxford Studies in African Affairs (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1973).
  • Cohen, Ronald, The Kanuri of Bornu, Case Studies in Cultural Anthropology (New York: Holt, 1967).
  • Denham, Dixon and Captain Clapperton and the Late Doctor Oudney, Narrative of Travels and Discoveries in Northern and Central Africa, (Boston: Cummings, Hilliards and Co., 1826).
  • Isichei, Elizabeth, A History of African Societies to 1870 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997), pp. 318–320, ISBN 0-521-45599-5.
  • Lange, Dierk, 'The kingdoms and peoples of Chad', in General history of Africa, ed. by Djibril Tamsir Niane, IV (London: Unesco, Heinemann, 1984), pp. 238–265.
  • Last, Murray, ‘Le Califat De Sokoto Et Borno’, in Histoire Generale De l'Afrique, Rev. ed. (Paris: Presence Africaine, 1986), pp. 599–646.
  • Lavers, John, "The Al- Kanimiyyin Shehus: a Working Chronology" in Berichte des Sonderforschungsbereichs, 268, Bd. 2, Frankfurt a. M. 1993: 179-186.
  • Oliver, Roland & Anthony Atmore (2005). Africa Since 1800, Fifth Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-83615-8.
  • Palmer, Herbert Richmond, The Bornu Sahara and Sudan (London: John Murray, 1936).
  • Taher, Mohamed (1997). Encyclopedic Survey of Islamic Dynasties A Continuing Series. New Delhi: Anmol Publications PVT. LTD. ISBN 81-261-0403-1.

External links[edit]