Ali Sabieh Region

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Ali Sabieh
على صبيح
Region
Djibouti - Ali Sabieh.svg
Country  Djibouti
Capital Ali Sabieh
Area
 • Total 2,400 km2 (900 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 71,640
 • Density 30/km2 (77/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code DJ-AS

Ali Sabieh Region (Arabic: إقليم على صبيح‎, Somali: Gobolka Cali Sabiix) is a region in southern Djibouti. With a mainland area of 2,400 square kilometres (900 sq mi), it lies along the national border with Somalia and Ethiopia, its capital is Ali Sabieh. The Arrei Mountains are the highest point in the region.

History[edit]

Nomadic life in the Ali Sabieh Region dates back at least 2,000 years, during the Middle Ages, the Ali Sabieh Region was ruled by the Ifat Sultanate and the Adal Sultanate. It later formed a part of the French Somaliland protectorate in the first half of the 20th century. Considered the border with Ethiopia, the area had few permanent settlements at the turn of the 20th century; in 1904, a report notes that "when the border post of Ali Sabieh, it has the appearance of a fortress. Attached to the circle of "Gobad-Dikkil" from its inception in 1931, Ali Sabieh became the chief town of a circle autonomously 1939, it was briefly attached to the circle of Djibouti between 1946 and 1949. It is managed by the commander of the circle Dikhil between 1952 and 1958, before finally receive its own administration.

Overview[edit]

Ali Sabieh Region landscape

The region borders Arta Region to the north, the Dikhil Region to the west, and the nation of Somalia to the east, and the nation of Ethiopia to the south. Largely arid, the Ali Sabieh Region is noted for its bare plains of Grand Bara and its large Mountains, the Ali Sabieh region has old forts all round the region build by the French Army in the 20th century. The inhabitants of the Ali Sabieh region belong mainly to the people of Issa Somali clan; in 1963 during the first Somali-Ethiopian war a terrible massacre was perpetrated by the Ethiopian soldiers in Aysha, mainly populated by Issa Somali. Among the latter, those who succeeded in fleeing arrived at Dikhil and Ali-Sabieh, at Ali-Sabieh, the colonial administration installed them in a new area. In 1977: during the Ogaden War between Somalia and Ethiopia, a second wave of populations fleeing hostilities took refuge in Ali Sabieh. In 1984, A severe drought that struck the Aysha and Hadagalah regions and decimated thousands of people and hundreds of thousands of sheep and cattle caused a human flood, particularly towards Ali Sabieh; in 1991 during the Somali Civil War a fourth wave of populations came to take refuge in Ali Sabieh and also in Ali Adde and Holhol.

The local commercial sector is centered on construction (cement) and storage of goods in transit to Ethiopia. Towns in the region have experienced significant growth with the increasing industrialization, the area has also seen some investment.

Geography[edit]

A topographic map of Ali Sabieh Region

Ali Sabieh is the fourth largest Region in the country, it contains around 16.5% of the nation's landmass. The Arta lies to the north, and Dikhil to the west. Ali Sabieh Region also shares a border with the Somali Region of Ethiopia to the south, and the Awdal of Somalia to the east. Ali Sabieh's highest point is Arrei, which has an elevation of 4,268 ft (1,301 m). Other mountain ranges in the Region include the Boura Mountains, the Arrei Mountains, the Rahle Godle, and the Dagouein Mountain. Ali Sabieh Region has an extraordinarily diverse geography, the western half of the region is part of the coastal plain and has an exceedingly hot, humid and arid climate. The eastern half, however, is very mountainous, with the major peak being 1,301-metre-high Arrei Mountain, near Guelile, these mountains trap the moisture created by an upper-level wind reversal between May and October, so that in the eastern half of the region annual rainfall increases from 150 millimetres in the foothills to probably more than 270 millimetres. The main wadis that cross are the wadis Dey Dey, Holl-Holl, Beye-Adey, Danan and Guestir.

Economy[edit]

Activities oriented towards animal production (goat and dromedary farming) and agriculture in irrigated perimeters characterize the economy of the region. There is also the practice of small business and other informal activities, the proximity of the Ethiopian border, the railway activities linking Djibouti to Ethiopia, the storage of goods in transit to Ethiopia and the use of building materials (Ali Sabieh Cement) have made the city of Ali Sabieh a place for exchanges of cross flows. Its prospects for development are characterized by cross-border commercial dynamics and a process of industrialization, the entire region has been significantly affected by caravan activities to and from Ethiopia. The capital city concentrates almost all of the factors driving the economy, this is where all civil servants and other agents work in the decentralized departments of ministries, in public institutions. Most of the small business units (shops, grocery stores, taxis and internetcafes) are located in the city of Ali Sabieh.

Climate[edit]

The Ali Sabieh Region has cold winters than the highlands, while the lowlands has mild winters, the region elevation is the major factor in temperature levels, with the higher areas, on average, as 15°C (60°F) cooler, day or night. The overnight lows are not like the "Garden of Eden" because, at night, heavy clothes or blankets are needed, in the highlands, when the temperature drops to about 57–68 °F (14–20 °C) every night. Ali Sabieh Region has much variation in its climate. Climate in Ali Sabieh Region can be hot, although extended periods over 100 °F (38 °C) for the maximum temperature are rare, except for the lowest point in elevation. Hot summer days are tempered by the low relative humidity and cooler evenings during summer months since, for most of the state, the highest diurnal difference in temperature is often in the summer.

The annual mean statistics for some Ali Sabieh Region centres is shown below:

Town Min. Temp Max. Temp Rainfall
Ali Sabieh 15.8 °C (60.4 °F) 37.4 °C (99.3 °F) 164 mm (6.5 in)
Holhol 16.5 °C (61.7 °F) 38.9 °C (102.0 °F) 198 mm (7.8 in)
Guelile 15.2 °C (59.4 °F) 36.9 °C (98.4 °F) 210 mm (8.3 in)
Assamo 15.7 °C (60.3 °F) 37.3 °C (99.1 °F) 207 mm (8.1 in)
Dasbiyo 16.1 °C (61.0 °F) 38.1 °C (100.6 °F) 204 mm (8.0 in)
Goubetto 17.4 °C (63.3 °F) 39.1 °C (102.4 °F) 199 mm (7.8 in)

Towns[edit]

Ali Sabieh Region
Town names Population
Ali Sabieh 55,000
Holhol 3,519
Dasbiyo 700
Ali Adde 3,123
Goubetto 1,400
Assamo 500
Anaba 210
Guelile 567
Guisti 500
Dânan 301
Doudoub Bolole 200

References[edit]

Coordinates: 11°08′N 42°43′E / 11.133°N 42.717°E / 11.133; 42.717