'Anin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
'Anin
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic عانين
Anin2012.JPG
'Anin is located in the Palestinian territories
'Anin
'Anin
Location of 'Anin within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°30′05″N 35°10′04″E / 32.50139°N 35.16778°E / 32.50139; 35.16778Coordinates: 32°30′05″N 35°10′04″E / 32.50139°N 35.16778°E / 32.50139; 35.16778
Palestine grid 165/211
Governorate Jenin
Government
 • Type Village council
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 3,719
Name meaning from personal name, or possibly from fountain[1]

'Anin (Arabic: عانين‎) a Palestinian village in the West Bank governorate of Jenin. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of 3,719 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[2]

History[edit]

Potsherds from Iron Age I,[3] IA II,[3] Persian,[3] early and late Roman,[3] Byzantine,[3] early Muslim and the Middle ages have been found here.[3]

"Immediately north of the village is a rock-cut passage large enough to walk along, extending about 50 feet and lined with cement; it then becomes about a foot high. This leads out on to a flat surface of rock.(...) Two rock-cut tombs, now blocked, exist west of this."[4][5]

Ottoman era[edit]

'Anin, like the rest of Palestine, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517, and in the census of 1596 it was a part of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Sahil Atlit which was under the administration of the liwa ("district") of Lajjun. The village had a population of 16 households, all Muslim. The villagers paid a fixed tax rate of 25% on wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, in addition to occasional revenues and a press for olive oil or grape syrup; a total of 3,600 akçe.[6] Potsherds from the Ottoman era have also been found here.[3]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Anin as: "a small village on a ridge, partly built of stone, with a small olive grove beneath it on the west, and two wells on that side. It has the appearance of an ancient site, having rock-cut tombs, and a curious channel for water."[7]

British mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, the village had a population of 360 Muslims,[8] increasing in the 1931 census to 447 Muslims, in 68 houses.[9]

In 1944/5 the population of Anin was 590 Muslims,[10] with a total of 15,049 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[11] Of this, 1,769 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 1,806 dunams for cereals,[12] while 13 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[13]

Jordanian era[edit]

After the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, 'Anin came under Jordanian rule.

Post-1967[edit]

'Anin has been under Israeli occupation along with the rest of the West Bank after the 1967 Six-Day War.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 143
  2. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Jenin Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Zertal, 2016, pp. 127-130
  4. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 51
  5. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 748
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 159
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 44
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Jenin, p. 30
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 67
  10. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 16
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 54
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 98
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 148

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]