Al-Zanghariyya

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Al-Zanghariyya
Al-Zanghariyya is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Zanghariyya
Al-Zanghariyya
Arabic زُحلق/الزنغرية
Name meaning Arab ez Zengharîyeh, the Zengharîyeh Arabs, p.n.[1]
Also spelled Zanghariya[2]
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 32°56′29″N 35°35′10″E / 32.94139°N 35.58611°E / 32.94139; 35.58611Coordinates: 32°56′29″N 35°35′10″E / 32.94139°N 35.58611°E / 32.94139; 35.58611
Palestine grid 205/260
Population 840[3][4] (1945)
Area 27,918 dunams
Date of depopulation May 4, 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Secondary cause Expulsion by Yishuv forces
Current localities Elifelet[5]

Al-Zanghariyya was a Palestinian Arab village in the Safad Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on May 4, 1948, under Operation Matate. It was located 8.5 km southeast of Safad, near Wadi al-Ghara. The village was later burned and destroyed on June 17, 1948.

History[edit]

The village was named after the 'Arab al-Zanghariyya Bedouin tribe, who first used the village as a camping site.[5]

In 1838, in the Ottoman era, ez-Zenghariyeh was noted as an Arab tribe, within the Government of Safad.[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Zangharia had a population of 374 Muslims,[7] increasing in the 1931 census to 526 Muslims, in a total of 97 houses.[8]

In 1945, the village had a total population of 840 Muslims[3] with a total of 27,918 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[4] Of this, 7,265 dunums were for cereals;[9] while a total of 20,653 dunams was classified as uncultivable.[10]

1948, aftermath[edit]

Al-Zanghariyya became depopulated on May 4, 1948, during Operation Matate (lit. "Operation Broom").[2][11] On May 5, 1948, the Haganah "blew up most of the houses and burned the tents of Kedar’ between Tabigha and the Buteiha, where the Jordan enters the sea; some 15 Arabs were killed and the rest fled to Syria."[12]

On May 5, 1948, Palmah sappers methodically blew up more than 50 houses in Zanghariya and other villages in the area.[13]

A Catholic priest, in Tabigha noted: "When I just finished blessing the bread there was a terrible explosion in Tabigha. We rushed out and saw pillars of smoke rising skyward. House after house was bombed and torched, then matters proceeded toward the Jordan. All was bombed, the tents and the huts were burned. All day there were explosions, and smoke and fire were visible; in the evening the ‘victors’ returned with trucks loaded with cattle. What they couldn’t take they shot . . . The mother of Big Awad and Old Dahan were killed."[14] Some the Zanghariya villagers later returned and were expelled again, apparently in 1949 or early 1950s.[15]

In 1949 the moshav settlement of Elifelet, was established west of the village site on village land,[5] the private farm of Kare Deshe, established in 1954, also lie on the former village grounds.[5]

In 1992 the village site was described: "All that is left are blocks of basalt that once had been parts of twelve houses, although the houses have been demolished, some of their walls are still standing. Near the remnants of the village houses are stone barriers that form parts of livestock enclosures, the area serves as pasture for the cattle of the nearby Israeli farm, Kare Deshe, to the southwest."[5]

Two books have been published about the village, one in 1999, and one in 2002;[16] in one of them, recalling the history of resistance between 1948 and 2000, the last name of almost all of the 35 men (killed, imprisoned, fighters, and so on) is al-Zanghari, the Nisba of the village.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 67
  2. ^ a b c Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #76. Also gives causes of depopulation.
  3. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 11
  4. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 71
  5. ^ a b c d e Khalidi, 1992, p. 507
  6. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 134
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Safad, p. 42
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 111
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 121
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 171
  11. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 249-250, notes #695-699, p. 302
  12. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 250, note #696, p. 302
  13. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 250, note #697, p. 302
  14. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 250, note #698, p. 302
  15. ^ Morris, 2004, note #699, p. 302
  16. ^ Davis, 2011, p. 30
  17. ^ al-Jam‘an, 1999, pp. 34–46, cited in Davis, 2011, p. 222

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]