Aynata

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Aynata
عيناتا
Village
Map showing the location of Aynata within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Aynata within Lebanon
Aynata
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°7′43.68″N 35°26′6.36″E / 33.1288000°N 35.4351000°E / 33.1288000; 35.4351000Coordinates: 33°7′43.68″N 35°26′6.36″E / 33.1288000°N 35.4351000°E / 33.1288000; 35.4351000
Grid position 191/281 PAL
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Nabatieh Governorate
District Bint Jbeil District
Elevation 740 m (2,430 ft)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Aynata (عيناتا)[1] is a village in Lebanon. It is located in the southern portion of the country.[2] A stronghold for Hezbollah, during the war with Israel in 2006, about 60% of the homes in the town were destroyed.[3]

The terrain consists of plateaus of varying heights, with the Aynata itself located at an elevation of 740m.[4] Several valleys separate Aynata from the nearest villages. Aynata has a moderate climate, cool summers and cold winters.[citation needed]

History[edit]

In 1596, it was named as a village, ‘’Aynata’’ in the Ottoman nahiya (subdistrict) of Tibnin under the liwa' (district) of Safad, with a population of 111 households and 22 bachelors, all Muslim. The villagers paid taxes on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, vineyards, fruit trees, goats and beehives, in addition to "occasional revenues" and a fixed sum; a total of 10,560 akçe.[5][6]

In 1875, Victor Guérin found a village with 400 Metualis.[7]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it: "A village, built of stone, containing about 500 Metawileh. There is a Moslem school in the village; extensive vineyards and a few olives in the wady. Water supplied from birket and many cisterns.”[8]

Modern era[edit]

Aynata is the family home of Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah.

During the 2006 Lebanon War, on July 19, an Israeli missile killed 4 civilians in the village,[9] on July 24, Israel shelled two houses in the village; killing all inside both houses. One house had 4 Hizbollah fighters, the other house had 8 civilians, aged between 16 and 77.[10]

Aaynata has a population of around 5,000 (dropping to 1,300 in the winter) and is 120 kilometers (74.568 mi) away from Beirut and sits 740 meters above sea level. The area borders Bent Jbayl, Aaitaroun, and Yaroun,[4] it was occupied by Israel and most residents emigrated to Beirut’s southern suburbs. Israel pulled out of the area in 2000 and it has seen housing construction since that time. Tobacco and olices are grown in the area.

Hezbollah fatalities during 2006 Lebanon War[11][edit]

  • Mousa Yousuf Khanafir*
  • Amir Ibrahim Fadlallah
  • Jamil Mahmoud an-Nimr
  • Ali Muhammad as-Sayyid Ali
  • Mahir Muhammad Sayf ad-Din
  • Zayd Mahmoud Haydar*
  • Muhammad Dheeb Khanafir
  • Kazim Ali Khanafir
  • Ammar Habib Qawsan
  • Nazim Abdan-Nabi Nasrallah
  • Marwan Husayn Samahat*
  • Muhammad Hassan Samahat
  • Hassan Ismail Mustafa
  • Shakir Najib Ghanam
* The body of the fighter was captured by IDF and removed to Israel but was returned to Lebanon in the prisoner exchanges in 2007-08.

References[edit]

  1. ^ From personal name, according to Palmer 1881, p. 66
  2. ^ Cambanis, Thanassis (16 August 2006). "Reclaiming bodies and shattered lives in Lebanon". The Boston Globe. 
  3. ^ Slackman, Michael (11 July 2007). "Where Outsiders, and Fear, Loom Over Daily Life". The New York Times. 
  4. ^ a b Aaynata Localiban
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 179
  6. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  7. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 374
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 200
  9. ^ HRW, 2007, pp. 105-106
  10. ^ HRW, 2007, pp. 112-113
  11. ^ "شهداء عيناثا الابرار (The noble martyrs of Aynatha)". Municipality of Aynata. Retrieved Dec 28, 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]