Madhavrao II

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Madhav Rao Narayan
Shreemant Peshwa
Madhu Rao Narayan the Maratha Peshwa with Nana Fadnavis and attendants Poona 1792 by James Wales.jpg
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Peshwa of Maratha Empire
In office
1774 – 27 October 1795
Monarch Rajaram II
Preceded by Raghunathrao
Succeeded by Baji Rao II
Personal details
Born April 18, 1774
Died October 27, 1795(1795-10-27) (aged 21)
Shaniwar Wada, Pune
Cause of death Suicide
Nationality Indian
Profession Peshwa

Peshwa Madhav Rao II (18 April 1774 – 27 October 1795) (a.k.a. Sawai Madhavrao Peshwa or Madhav Rao II Narayan) was Peshwa of the Maratha Empire in India, from his infancy. He was known as Sawai Madhav Rao or Madhav Rao Narayan. He was the posthumous son of Narayanrao Peshwa, murdered in 1773 on the orders of Raghunathrao. Madhavrao was considered the legal heir, and was installed as Peshwa by the Treaty of Salbai[1] in 1782.


Madhavrao was the Posthumous son of Peshwa Narayanrao by his wife, Gangabai. After Narayanrao's murder, Raghunathrao became Peshwa but was soon deposed by the courtiers and knights of the Maratha Empire. They instead installed Gangabai's new born son, Madhavrao II, as the Peshwa with the courtiers themselves, led by Nana Fadnavis, as the Regents.He was made Peshawa when he was barely 40 days. His time in power was dominated by the political intrigues of Nana.[2]

Madhavrao was fond of out-doors and had a private collection of exotic animals such as lions and Rhinoceros close to where the later Peshwe park zoo in Pune was situated,.He was particularly fond of his herd of trained dancing deer.[3]

Madhavrao committed suicide at the age of 21 by jumping off from the high walls of the Shaniwar Wada in Pune.[4].The cause of the suicide probably was that he could not endure the highhandedness of Nana Fadnavis. Just before his suicide,it is said that in ordering the execution of the despised police commissioner, Ghashiram Kotwal, Madhavrao was able to defy the wishes of Nana for the first time [5]

A Representation of the delivery of the Ratified Treaty of 1790 by Sir Chas Warre Malet Bart to His Highness Soneae Peshwa, in full Durbar or Court as held upon that occasion at Poonah in the East Indies on 6 July 1790

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  1. ^ Thorpe, S.T.E. The Pearson General Studies Manual 2009, 1/e. Pearson Education. p. 96. ISBN 9788131721339. Retrieved 2014-10-12. 
  2. ^ Dikshit, M. G. (1946). "EARLY LIFE OF PESHWA SAVAI MADHAVRAO (II)". Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute. 7 (1/4): 225–248. JSTOR 42929386. 
  3. ^ Rao Bahadur Dattatraya Balvanta Parasnis (1921). Poona in Bygone Days. Times Press, Bombay. 
  4. ^ Marathas (Peshwas)
  5. ^ Kotani, H., 2005. The Death of Ghasiram Kotwal: Power and Justice in the Maratha Kingdom. Minamiajiakenkyu, 2004(16), pp.1-16.[1]

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