3-Dehydroshikimic acid

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3-Dehydroshikimic acid
Chemical structure of 3-dehydroshikimic acid.
Names
IUPAC name
(4S,5R)-4,5-Ddihydroxy-3-oxocyclohexene-1-carboxylic acid
Other names
3-Dehydroshikimate
3-DHS
(−)-3-DHS
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
Properties
C7H8O5
Molar mass 172.14 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

3-Dehydroshikimic acid is a chemical compound related to shikimic acid. 3-DHS is available in large quantity through engineering of the shikimic acid pathway.[1]

Metabolism[edit]

Biosynthesis: The enzyme 3-dehydroquinate dehydratase uses 3-dehydroquinate to produce 3-dehydroshikimate and H2O.

3-Dehydroshikimate is then reduced to shikimic acid by the enzyme shikimate dehydrogenase, which uses nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) as a cofactor.

Biosynthesis of shikimic acid from 3-dehydroquinate

Gallic acid is also formed from 3-dehydroshikimate by the action of the enzyme shikimate dehydrogenase to produce 3,5-didehydroshikimate. This latter compound spontaneously rearranges to gallic acid.[2][3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Banwell, M. G.; Edwards, A. J.; Essers, M.; Jolliffe, K. A. (2003). "Conversion of (−)-3-Dehydroshikimic Acid into Derivatives of the (+)-Enantiomer". The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 68 (17): 6839–6841. doi:10.1021/jo034689c. PMID 12919063. 
  2. ^ Gallic acid pathway on metacyc.org
  3. ^ Dewick, P. M.; Haslam, E. (1969). "Phenol biosynthesis in higher plants. Gallic acid". The Biochemical Journal. 113 (3): 537–542. doi:10.1042/bj1130537. PMC 1184696Freely accessible. PMID 5807212. 
  4. ^ Muir, R. M.; Ibáñez, A. M.; Uratsu, S. L.; Ingham, E. S.; Leslie, C. A.; McGranahan, G. H.; Batra, N.; Goyal, S.; Joseph, J.; Jemmis, E. D.; Dandekar, A. M. (2011). "Mechanism of gallic acid biosynthesis in bacteria (Escherichia coli) and walnut (Juglans regia)". Plant Molecular Biology. 75 (6): 555–565. doi:10.1007/s11103-011-9739-3. PMC 3057006Freely accessible. PMID 21279669.