Inulin fructotransferase (DFA-III-forming)

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Inulin fructotransferase (DFA-III-forming)
Identifiers
EC number 4.2.2.18
CAS number 50936-42-0
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum

In enzymology, an inulin fructotransferase (DFA-III-forming) (EC 4.2.2.18) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

Produces alpha-D-fructofuranose beta-D-fructofuranose 1,2':2,3'-dianhydride (DFA III) by successively eliminating the diminishing (2->1)-beta-D-fructan (inulin) chain from the terminal D-fructosyl-D-fructosyl disaccharide.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically those carbon-oxygen lyases acting on polysaccharides, the systematic name of this enzyme class is 2,1-beta-D-fructan lyase (alpha-D-fructofuranose-beta-D-fructofuranose-1,2':2,3'-dianhydride- forming). Other names in common use include inulin fructotransferase (DFA-III-producing), inulin fructotransferase (depolymerizing), inulase II, inulinase II, inulin fructotransferase (depolymerizing,, difructofuranose-1,2':2,3'-dianhydride-forming), inulin D-fructosyl-D-fructosyltransferase, (1,2':2,3'-dianhydride-forming), inulin D-fructosyl-D-fructosyltransferase (forming, and alpha-D-fructofuranose beta-D-fructofuranose 1,2':2,3'-dianhydride).

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, two structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2INU and 2INV.

References[edit]

  • Uchiyama T (1975). "Action of Arthrobacter ureafaciens inulinase II on several oligofructans and bacterial levans". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 397 (1): 153–63. doi:10.1016/0005-2744(75)90189-8. PMID 1148257. 
  • Uchiyama T; Niwa S; Tanaka K (1973). "Purification and properties of Arthrobacter ureafaciens inulase II". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 315: 412–420. doi:10.1016/0005-2744(73)90271-4.