Beta-amyrin synthase

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Beta-amyrin synthase
Identifiers
EC number 5.4.99.39
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum

Beta-amyrin synthase (EC 5.4.99.39, 2,3-oxidosqualene beta-amyrin cyclase, AsbAS1, BPY, EtAS, GgbAS1, LjAMY1, MtAMY1, PNY, BgbAS) is an enzyme with systematic name (3S)-2,3-epoxy-2,3-dihydrosqualene mutase (cyclizing, beta-amyrin-forming).[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction

(3S)-2,3-epoxy-2,3-dihydrosqualene beta-amyrin

Some organism possess a monofunctional beta-amyrin synthase.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abe, I; Ebizuka, Y.; Seo, S.; Sankawa, U. (1989). "Purification of squalene-2,3-epoxide cyclases from cell suspension cultures of Rabdosia japonica Hara". FEBS Lett. 249: 100–104. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(89)80024-9. 
  2. ^ Abe, I.; Sankawa, U.; Ebizuka, Y. (1989). "Purification of 2,3-oxdosqualene:β-amyrin cyclase from pea seedlings". Chem. Pharm. Bull. 37: 536–. doi:10.1248/cpb.37.536. 
  3. ^ Kushiro, T.; Shibuya, M.; Ebizuka, Y. (1998). "β-Amyrin synthase-cloning of oxidosqualene cyclase that catalyzes the formation of the most popular triterpene among higher plants". Eur. J. Biochem. 256: 238–244. doi:10.1046/j.1432-1327.1998.2560238.x. PMID 9746369. 
  4. ^ Hayashi, H.; Huang, P.; Kirakosyan, A.; Inoue, K.; Hiraoka, N.; Ikeshiro, Y.; Kushiro, T.; Shibuya, M.; Ebizuka, Y. (2001). "Cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding β-amyrin synthase involved in glycyrrhizin and soyasaponin biosyntheses in licorice". Biol. Pharm. Bull. 24: 912–916. doi:10.1248/bpb.24.912. PMID 11510484. 
  5. ^ Husselstein-Muller, T.; Schaller, H.; Benveniste, P. (2001). "Molecular cloning and expression in yeast of 2,3-oxidosqualene-triterpenoid cyclases from Arabidopsis thaliana". Plant Mol. Biol. 45: 75–92. doi:10.1023/A:1006476123930. PMID 11247608. 
  6. ^ Iturbe-Ormaetxe, I.; Haralampidis, K.; Papadopoulou, K.; Osbourn, A.E. (2003). "Molecular cloning and characterization of triterpene synthases from Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus". Plant Mol. Biol. 51: 731–743. doi:10.1023/a:1022519709298. PMID 12683345. 
  7. ^ Zhang, H.; Shibuya, M.; Yokota, S.; Ebizuka, Y. (2003). "Oxidosqualene cyclases from cell suspension cultures of Betula platyphylla var. japonica: molecular evolution of oxidosqualene cyclases in higher plants". Biol. Pharm. Bull. 26: 642–650. doi:10.1248/bpb.26.642. PMID 12736505. 
  8. ^ Hayashi, H.; Huang, P.; Takada, S.; Obinata, M.; Inoue, K.; Shibuya, M.; Ebizuka, Y. (2004). "Differential expression of three oxidosqualene cyclase mRNAs in Glycyrrhiza glabra". Biol. Pharm. Bull. 27: 1086–1092. doi:10.1248/bpb.27.1086. PMID 15256745. 
  9. ^ Kajikawa, M.; Yamato, K.T.; Fukuzawa, H.; Sakai, Y.; Uchida, H.; Ohyama, K. (2005). "Cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding β-amyrin synthase from petroleum plant Euphorbia tirucalli L". Phytochemistry. 66: 1759–1766. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.05.021. PMID 16005035. 
  10. ^ Basyuni, M.; Oku, H.; Tsujimoto, E.; Kinjo, K.; Baba, S.; Takara, K. (2007). "Triterpene synthases from the Okinawan mangrove tribe, Rhizophoraceae". FEBS J. 274: 5028–5042. doi:10.1111/j.1742-4658.2007.06025.x. PMID 17803686. 
  11. ^ Liu, Y.; Cai, Y.; Zhao, Z.; Wang, J.; Li, J.; Xin, W.; Xia, G.; Xiang, F. (2009). "Cloning and functional analysis of a β-amyrin synthase gene associated with oleanolic acid biosynthesis in Gentiana straminea MAXIM". Biol. Pharm. Bull. 32: 818–824. doi:10.1248/bpb.32.818. PMID 19420748. 

External links[edit]