(472651) 2015 DB216

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(472651) 2015 DB216
Discovery [1]
Discovered by Mount Lemmon Survey (G96)
Discovery date February 27, 2015
MPC designation 2015 DB216
Uranus Co-orbital
Orbital characteristics[2]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 2
Observation arc 13.17 yr (4,812 days)
Aphelion 25.478 AU
Perihelion 12.944 AU
19.211 AU
Eccentricity 0.3262
84.20 yr (30,755 days)
0° 0m 42.12s / day
Inclination 37.709°
Jupiter MOID 8.37627 AU (1.253072 Tm)
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 44–160 km[1]
20.8 (2015)
20.7 (2016)
19.4 (2029; peak)

(472651) 2015 DB216 is a centaur and Uranus co-orbital discovered on February 27, 2015, by the Mount Lemmon Survey. It is the second known centaur on a horseshoe orbit with Uranus, and the third Uranus co-orbital discovered after 2011 QF99 (a Trojan) and 83982 Crantor (a horseshoe librator). A second Uranian Trojan, 2014 YX49, was announced in 2017.[3]


An early orbital calculation of the asteroid with an observation arc of 10 days suggested an extremely close MOID to Neptune, but further observations on March 27 refined the orbit to show that the asteroid passes no less than several astronomical units away from Neptune, and show the orbit instead being that of a typical centaur, with a perihelion near that of Saturn, and traveling near to Uranus and Neptune. Later, observations suggested a distant orbit traveling extremely distant from the Sun, but now this too has been shown to be incorrect with later observations. However, it does have a semimajor axis near that of Uranus, making it a Uranus co-orbital, however it is not a Trojan, as it stays near the opposite side of the Sun from Uranus.

A paper, submitted on July 27, 2015, analyzed 2015 DB216's orbital evolution, and suggested that it may be more stable than the other known Uranus co-orbitals due to its high inclination, and that many more undiscovered Uranus co-orbitals may exist.[4]

Precovery images from 2003 were located soon after 2015 DB216's discovery, giving it an 11-year observation arc.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Assuming an albedo from 0.05 (160 km) to 1 (40 km); 2015 DB216 is definitely somewhere within this range, and cannot be any smaller than 40 kilometers, assuming the absolute magnitude is correct.


  1. ^ "2015 DB216 - Minor Planet Center". Minor Planet Center. International Astronomical Union. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "JPL Small Body Database Browser". JPL (2015-04-23 last obs.). NASA. Retrieved 4 April 2016. 
  3. ^ de la Fuente Marcos, Carlos; de la Fuente Marcos, Raúl (15 May 2017). "Asteroid 2014 YX49: a large transient Trojan of Uranus". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 467 (2): 1561–1568. arXiv:1701.05541Freely accessible. Bibcode:2017arXiv170105541D. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx197. 
  4. ^ de la Fuente Marcos, Carlos; de la Fuente Marcos, Raúl (27 July 2015). "Asteroid 2015 DB216: a recurring co-orbital companion to Uranus". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 453 (2): 1288–1296. arXiv:1507.07449Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015MNRAS.453.1288D. doi:10.1093/mnras/stv1725. 

External links[edit]