Nitropentadecene

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Nitropentadecene
Nitropentadecene.png
Names
IUPAC name
(1E)-1-nitropentadec-1-ene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
Properties
C15H29NO2
Molar mass 255.396 gmol−1
log P 6.911
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Nitropentadecene, or more precisely (E)-1-nitropentadec-1-ene, is a highly toxic unsaturated nitroalkene, the only aliphatic nitro compound known to be synthesized by insects.[citation needed] It is produced by termite soldiers of Prorhinotermes genus (Isoptera, Rhinotermitidae) as a defensive chemical.[1][2] Nitropentadecene is biosynthesized and stored in one of the exocrine glands, a frontal gland, of termite soldiers, and it is released upon attack of enemy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Piskorski R, Hanus R, Vašíčková S, Cvačka J, Šobotník J, Svatoš A, Valterová I (2007). "Nitroalkenes and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons from the frontal gland of three Prorhinotermes termite species". Journal of Chemical Ecology. 33 (9): 1787–94. doi:10.1007/s10886-007-9341-y. PMID 17665266. 
  2. ^ Vrkoč J, Ubik K (1974). "1-Nitro-trans-1-pentadecene as the defensive compound of termites". Tetrahedron Letters. 15 (15): 1463–1464. doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(01)82519-3.