Iron(II) citrate

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Iron(II) citrate
Names
IUPAC name
Iron(II) hydrogen 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-tricarboxylpropane
Other names
Iron(II) citrate, Ferrous citrate, Iron citrate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.041.463
EC Number 245-625-1
UNII
Properties
C6H6FeO7
Molar mass 245.95 g·mol−1
Melting point 350 °C (662 °F; 623 K) decomposes (monohydrate)[1]
Slightly Soluble[1]
Solubility Insoluble in alcohol, acetone[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Ferrous citrate, or iron(II) citrate, is an ionic chemical compound with formula FeC
6
H
6
O
7
, consisting of one divalent iron cation (Fe2+) and one hydrogencitrate anion (C
6
H
6
O2−
7
). It can be prepared by reacting disodium citrate Na
2
C
6
H
6
O
7
with iron(II) sulfate FeSO
4
,[2] or by action of citric acid on metallic iron.[1]

The compound is commonly found as the monohydrate FeC
6
H
6
O
7
·H
2
O
, a white powder insoluble in water, ethanol, or acetone.[1] It is used as an iron supplement in foods.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Perry, Dale L.; Phillips, Sidney L., eds. (1995). Handbook of Inorganic Compounds. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. p. 167. ISBN 0-8493-8671-3. 
  2. ^ a b "CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21". www.fda.gov. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 2013-06-01. Retrieved 2014-08-02.