Ammonium hexachloroiridate

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Ammonium hexachloroiridate
NH4 2IrCl6.svg
(NH4)2PtCl6Xray.tif
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.037.264
EC Number 241-007-0
Properties
H8N2Cl6Ir
Molar mass 441.01
Appearance brown crystals
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Ammonium hexachloroiridate is the inorganic compound with the formula (NH4)2[IrCl6]. This dark brown solid is the ammonium salt of the iridium(IV) complex [IrCl6]2−. It is a commercially important iridium compound[1] one of the most common complexes of iridium(IV). A related but ill-defined compound is iridium tetrachloride, which is often used interchangeably.[2]

Structure[edit]

The compound has been characterized by X-ray crystallography, the salt crystallizes in a cubic motif like that of ammonium hexachloroplatinate. The [IrCl6]2− centers adopt octahedral molecular geometry.[3]

Uses[edit]

It is a key intermediate in the isolation of iridium from ores. Most other metals form insoluble sulfides when aqueous solutions of their chlorides are treated with hydrogen sulfide, but [IrCl6]2− resists ligand substitution. Upon heating under hydrogen, the solid salt converts to the metal:[1]

(NH4)2[IrCl6] + 2 H2 → Ir + 6 HCl + 2 NH3

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Renner, H.; Schlamp, G.; Kleinwächter, I.; Drost, E.; Lüschow, H. M.; Tews, P.; Panster, P.; Diehl, M.; et al. (2002). "Platinum group metals and compounds". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Wiley. doi:10.1002/14356007.a21_075. 
  2. ^ Thomas R. B. Mitchell (2001). "Iridium(IV) Chloride". e-EROS Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. doi:10.1002/047084289X.ri050. 
  3. ^ Bokii, G.B.; Ussikov, P.I. "Roentgenographische Untersuchung der Struktur des Ammonium-Chlor-Iridats (N H4)2IrCl6 Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 1940, vol. 26, p782-p784.