4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase

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4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase
Identifiers
EC number 4.1.1.44
CAS number 37289-46-6
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a 4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.44) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2-carboxy-2,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate 4,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate + CO2

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 2-carboxy-2,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate, and two products, 4,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate and CO2.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the carboxy-lyases, which cleave carbon-carbon bonds, the systematic name of this enzyme class is 2-carboxy-2,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate carboxy-lyase (4,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate-forming). Other names in common use include gamma-4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase, and 4-carboxymuconolactone carboxy-lyase. This enzyme participates in benzoate degradation via hydroxylation.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for this class of enzymes, with the PDB accession code 2AF7.

References[edit]

  • Ornston LN (1966). "The conversion of catechol and protocatechuate to beta-ketoadipate by Pseudomonas putida. 3. Enzymes of the catechol pathway". J. Biol. Chem. 241 (16): 3795–9. PMID 5330966. 
  • Ornston LN (1970). "Conversion of catechol and protocatechuate to beta-ketoadipate (Pseudomonas putida)". Methods Enzymol. 17A: 529–549. doi:10.1016/0076-6879(71)17237-0.