Lactaldehyde dehydrogenase

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
lactaldehyde dehydrogenase
Identifiers
EC number 1.2.1.22
CAS number 37250-90-1
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a lactaldehyde dehydrogenase (EC 1.2.1.22) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(S)-lactaldehyde + NAD+ + H2O (S)-lactate + NADH + 2 H+

The 3 substrates of this enzyme are (S)-lactaldehyde, NAD+, and H2O, whereas its 3 products are (S)-lactate, NADH, and H+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor, the systematic name of this enzyme class is (S)-lactaldehyde:NAD+ oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include L-lactaldehyde:NAD+ oxidoreductase, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-linked dehydrogenase. This enzyme participates in pyruvate metabolism.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 4 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2HG2, 2ILU, 2IMP, and 2OPX.

References[edit]

  • Rembold H, Simmersbach F (1969). "Catabolism of pteridine cofactors. II. A specific pterin deaminase in rat liver". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 184 (3): 589–96. doi:10.1016/0304-4165(69)90273-6. PMID 5821022. 
  • Sridhara S, Wu TT (1969). "Purification and properties of lactaldehyde dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli". J. Biol. Chem. 244 (19): 5233–8. PMID 4310089.