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Name Proto-Germanic Old English
*Dagaz Dæg
Shape Elder Futhark Futhorc
Runic letter dagaz.svg
Transliteration d
Transcription d
IPA [ð] [d]
Position in
23 or 24

The d rune (ᛞ) is called dæg "day" in the Anglo-Saxon rune poem. The corresponding letter of the Gothic alphabet 𐌳 d is called dags. This rune is also part of the Elder Futhark, with a reconstructed Proto-Germanic name *dagaz.

Its "butterfly" shape is possibly derived from Lepontic san.

Rune poems[edit]

The name is only recorded in the Anglo-Saxon rune poem, since the rune was lost in the Younger Futhark:

Rune Poem:[1] English Translation:

Dæg byþ drihtnes sond, deore mannum,
mære metodes leoht, myrgþ and tohiht
eadgum and earmum, eallum brice.

Day, the glorious light of the Creator, is sent by the Lord;
it is beloved of men, a source of hope and happiness to rich and poor,
and of service to all.


On runic inscription Ög 43 in Ingelstad, one Dagaz rune is translated using the Old Norse word for "day" as the personal name Dagr.[2]


  1. ^ Original poem and translation from the Rune Poem Page Archived 1999-05-01 at the Wayback Machine..
  2. ^ Project Samnordisk Runtextdatabas Svensk - Rundata entry for Ög 43.

See also[edit]