30 Rockefeller Plaza
30 Rockefeller Plaza is an American Art Deco skyscraper that forms the centerpiece of Rockefeller Center in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Called the RCA Building from 1933 to 1988, the GE Building from 1988 to 2015, it was renamed the Comcast Building in 2015, following the transfer of ownership to new corporate owner Comcast, its name is shortened to 30 Rock. The building is best known for housing the headquarters and New York studios of television network NBC, as well as the Rainbow Room restaurant. At 850 feet high, the 66-story building is the 22nd tallest in New York City and the 47th tallest in the United States, it stands 400 feet shorter than the Empire State Building. 30 Rockefeller Center underwent a $170 million floor-by-floor interior renovation in 2014. The construction of Rockefeller Center occurred between 1932 and 1940 on land that John D. Rockefeller Jr. leased from Columbia University. The Rockefeller Center site was supposed to be occupied by a new opera house for the Metropolitan Opera.
By 1928, Benjamin Wistar Morris and designer Joseph Urban were hired to come up with blueprints for the house. However, the new building was too expensive for the opera to fund by itself, it needed an endowment, the project gained the support of John D. Rockefeller Jr; the planned opera house was canceled in December 1929 due to various issues. Raymond Hood, Rockefeller Center's lead architect, came up with the idea to negotiate with the Radio Corporation of America and its subsidiaries, National Broadcasting Company and Radio-Keith-Orpheum, to build a mass media entertainment complex on the site. By May 1930, RCA and its affiliates had made an agreement with Rockefeller Center managers. RCA would lease 1,000,000 square feet of studio space. A skyscraper at 30 Rockefeller Plaza's current site was first proposed in the March 1930 version of the complex's blueprint, the current dimensions of the tower were finalized in March 1931; the skyscraper would be named for RCA as part of the agreement. Designs for the Radio City Music Hall and the RCA Building were submitted to the New York City Department of Buildings in August 1931, by which time the both buildings were to open in 1932.
Work on the steel structure of the RCA Building started in March 1932, the building's structural steel was up to the 64th floor by September of that year. The photograph Lunch atop a Skyscraper was taken on September 20, 1932, during the construction of the 69th floor; the structure of the RCA Building was slated to open on May 1, 1933. Its opening was delayed until mid-May because of a controversy over Man at the Crossroads, a painting by Diego Rivera, removed from the RCA Building. NBC was one of the first tenants in the new RCA Building, with 35 studios packed into the lower base of the building, it was one of the largest tenants. RCA's chief engineer O. B. Hanson was faced with designing an area of the building, large enough to host 35 studios with as few structural columns as possible; this was achieved by placing all the studios in the 16-story, windowless center part of the building, which would have otherwise been used as an unprofitable office space. Over 1,500 miles of utility wires stretched through this part of the building, powered by direct current because the use of alternating current would cause transmissions to become spotty.
Two floors were reserved for future TV studios, five more stories were reserved for audience members and guests. During the building's early years, NBC housed both the Red Network and the Blue Network within 30 Rockefeller Plaza; the building hosted daily tours of the NBC Studios. Studio 8H was the largest of the studios in the RCA Building, with the capacity to seat 1,400 guests; the Rockefeller family's Standard Oil Company moved into the RCA Building in 1934. The New York Museum of Science and Industry leased some of the unpopular space on the RCA Building's lower floors after Nelson Rockefeller became a trustee of the museum in fall 1935. Westinghouse moved into the 14th through 17th floors of the RCA Building; the Rockefeller family moved into various floors and suites throughout the same building in order to give potential tenants the impression of occupancy. In particular, the family's office took up "Room 5600" on the entire 56th floor, while the family's Rockefeller Foundation took up the entire floor below, two other organizations supported by the Rockefellers moved into the building.
By 1937, there were 392 employees of Room 5600, by the time World War II was over, Room 5600 comprised the entire 54th through 56th floors. The family offices became a hub for the family's political activity, with ties to both the Democratic and Republican parties at the city and national levels. Frank Sinatra, Shirley MacLaine, Nelson Mandela, Richard Gere, Bono all came to the offices at one point or another; the family moved out in 2014, this space is now occupied by Rockefeller Family and Associates, whose offices span the 54th to 56th floors. John D. Rockefeller had a private vault in the basement of the building, accessible via a private elevator from his office. Shortly after the RCA Building's opening, there were plans to use the building above the 64th floor as a public "amusement center"; that section of the building had several terraces, which could be used as a dance floor and landscaped terrace gardens. On the 65th floor, there was a two-story space for a dining room with a high ceiling.
Frank W. Darling quit his job as head of Rye's Playland in order to direct the programming for the proposed amusement space. In July 1933, the managers opened
Jane Krakowski is an American actress and singer. She is best known for the roles of Cousin Vicki in National Lampoon's Vacation, Jenna Maroney in the NBC comedy series 30 Rock, for which she received four Primetime Emmy Award nominations for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series. Other notable television credits include Elaine Vassal on Ally McBeal and Jacqueline White in the Netflix comedy series Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt. Krakowski regularly performs on stage, winning a Tony Award for her performance in the Broadway revival of Nine, as well as receiving Tony nominations for Grand Hotel and She Loves Me, a Laurence Olivier Award for her performance as Miss Adelaide in the West End revival of Guys and Dolls. Krakowski was born in New Jersey, her father, Ed, is a chemical engineer, her mother, Barbara Krajkowski, is a college theater instructor and producing artistic director for the Women's Theater Company. She has an older brother, her father's family is Polish, while she speaks little Polish, her father and grandparents are fluent.
Her mother is of half Polish descent, with the rest of her ancestry being French Canadian and Scottish. Krakowski grew up immersed in the local theater scene as a result of her parents' activities, saying in one interview: "Instead of hiring baby sitters, they brought me along with them." She took ballet lessons at age four, but stopped because she had the wrong body shape, instead moving more towards Broadway dancing. She attended the Professional Children's School in New York City and Rutgers University, New Brunswick, her first major television role was as Theresa Rebecca "T. R." Kendall in the NBC Daytime soap opera Search for Tomorrow, which she played from 1984 until the show ended on December 26, 1986. She was nominated for two consecutive Daytime Emmy Awards for the role in 1986 and 1987. From 1997 to 2002, Krakowski played office assistant Elaine Vassal on Ally McBeal. In 2006, Krakowski was cast in the NBC comedy series 30 Rock, where she played Jenna Maroney, a cast member of the fictional late night sketch comedy show TGS with Tracy Jordan.
In 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, she received nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series for her role in 30 Rock. In 2015, Krakowski was cast in the Netflix comedy web television series Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt as Jacqueline White, for which she received her fifth Primetime Emmy Award nomination, her guest appearances include a 1981 TV commercial for the video game Solar Fox. After her film debut, National Lampoon's Vacation in 1983, Krakowski appeared in Fatal Attraction, The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas, Marci X, Alfie, Go, Cirque du Freak: The Vampire's Assistant, Dance with Me, Stepping Out, Pretty Persuasion, Kit Kittredge: An American Girl and Mom at Sixteen. Krakowski was cast in the horror film Sleepaway Camp, but dropped out just before filming began because she felt her character's death scene with a curling iron was too violent, she appeared in. In 2004, she starred in Alan Menken's television movie version of A Christmas Carol, featured as The Ghost of Christmas Past.
In 2006, she provided the voice of the deer Giselle in Open Season. A trained singer, Krakowski has made numerous appearances on stage. At age 18, she originated the role of Dinah the Dining Car in the 1987 Broadway production of Starlight Express, she appeared in the 1989 Broadway musical Grand Hotel as the typist and would-be film star Flaemmchen, for which she was nominated for a Tony Award. Her solo number, "I Want to Go to Hollywood," is included on the original cast recording. At the 2000 American Comedy Awards, Krakowski won rave reviews when she performed a sexually charged musical tribute and love letter to Microsoft chairman, Bill Gates. In 1995, she played the ditzy flight attendant April in the Roundabout Theater Company's revival of Company. In 1996, she starred alongside Sarah Jessica Parker in the Broadway revival of Once Upon a Mattress. In January 2002, Windham Hill Records released an album that Jim Brickman had recorded, titled Love Songs & Lullabies. Brickman and Krakowski recorded an alternate Christmas version of the song.
She appeared on the album Broadway Cares: Home for the Holidays, singing the song "Santa Baby". In 2003, she starred as Carla in the Broadway revival of Nine, for which she won the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical. Krakowski is known for her famous antigravity stunt during the number "A Call from the Vatican." Krakowski and the director struggled finding a company that would let her do air stunts without a harness. Krakowski recalled that the material took a long time to arrive, the second time she did it was on the first performance. In 2005, she starred as Miss Adelaide in Michael Grandage's West End revival of Guys and Dolls at London's Piccadilly Theatre, she starred alongside Ewan McGregor and Douglas Hodge. Krakowski received the 2006 Olivier Award for Best Actress in
Elizabeth Irene Banks is an American actress and producer. She is known for her starring role as Effie Trinket in The Hunger Games film series and as Gail Abernathy-McKadden in the Pitch Perfect film series, she made her directorial debut with Pitch Perfect 2, whose $69 million opening-weekend gross set a record for a first-time director. Banks made her film debut in the low-budget independent film Surrender Dorothy, she starred in the films Wet Hot American Summer, Sam Raimi's Spider-Man trilogy, The 40-Year-Old Virgin, Slither and Miri Make a Porno, Role Models, The Next Three Days, Man on a Ledge, What to Expect When You're Expecting, The Lego Movie, Love & Mercy, Magic Mike XXL, Power Rangers. On television, Banks had a recurring role as Avery Jessup on the NBC sitcom 30 Rock, which earned her two Primetime Emmy Award nominations, she had recurring roles on the comedy series Scrubs and Modern Family, the latter of which earned her a Primetime Emmy Award nomination. Banks starred in the Netflix miniseries Wet Hot American Summer: First Day of Camp and Wet Hot American Summer: Ten Years Later.
As of July 2018, Box Office Mojo ranked Banks as the 30th-highest-grossing actor of all time, the ninth-highest-grossing female actor. Banks was born in Pittsfield and grew up on Brown Street, the eldest of four children of Ann and Mark P. Mitchell, her father, a Vietnam veteran, was a factory worker for General Electric and her mother worked in a bank. She has said that she grew up "Irish + WASP + Catholic."Growing up, Banks played baseball and rode horses. She was in Little League, she tried out for the school play, her start in acting. She graduated from Pittsfield High School in 1992, is a member of the Massachusetts Junior Classical League, she attended the University of Pennsylvania, where she was a member of the Delta Delta Delta Sorority and was elected to the Friars Senior Society. She graduated magna cum laude in 1996 with a major in a minor in theater arts. In 1998, she completed schooling at the American Conservatory Theater in San Francisco, where she earned an MFA degree. Banks changed her name to avoid confusion with actress Elizabeth Mitchell.
After auditioning in New York, she was offered a role on the soap opera Santa Barbara. Taking the role would have required her to quit her education at the American Conservatory Theatre, Banks decided to forgo the offer due to having taken out student loans to complete her degree, she made her acting debut in the 1998 independent film Surrender Dorothy, as Elizabeth Casey, appeared in various films over the next seven years including Guy Ritchie's Swept Away before gaining more prominent widespread exposure through the 2005 comedy film The 40-Year-Old Virgin. In August 2005, at the Williamstown Theatre Festival, Banks starred in William Inge's Bus Stop as Cherie, the sexy blonde aspiring nightclub singer. Jeffrey Borak wrote that Banks' portrayal was acted "with poise, clarity and a shrewd feel for Cherie's complexities, her performance is all of a piece and in harmony, with the performances around her..." In 2005, she appeared on the series Stella, in May 2006, she had a role in the season five finale of the NBC sitcom Scrubs as Dr. Kim Briggs, the love interest of J.
D.. The character appeared throughout seasons six and eight as a recurring guest star. In 2006, Banks appeared in the American football drama film Invincible, in which she played Mark Wahlberg's love interest, she and co-star Wahlberg were nominated for the "Best Kiss" award at the MTV Movie Awards. That same year, she landed the starring role in the comedy-horror film Slither. In 2007, Banks played the female lead in the comedy film Meet Bill, alongside Aaron Eckhart and Jessica Alba; that same year, she had a small role in the Christmas comedy film Fred Claus, co-starring Vince Vaughn and Paul Giamatti as Santa's little helper, Charlyne. In 2008, she played the ex-wife and mother of the daughter of Ryan Reynolds lead in the comedy film Definitely, alongside Isla Fisher and Ryan Reynolds, starred with Seth Rogen as the eponymous female lead in the Kevin Smith comedy Zack and Miri Make a Porno, played United States First Lady Laura Bush in W. Oliver Stone's biopic of George W. Bush. In 2009, Banks appeared in the horror film The Uninvited, a remake of the South Korean film A Tale of Two Sisters.
The film was about an intrusive stepmother who makes life miserable for the teen daughters of her new husband. Banks based her character, Rachel, on Rebecca De Mornay's character in The Hand That Rocks the Cradle. "It was important to me that every line reading I gave could be interpreted two ways," says Banks of her role, "So that when you go back through the movie you can see that". Banks is a frequent co-star of actor Paul Rudd, the two having appeared in five films together to date, she is a frequent co-star of actor Tobey Maguire, the two having appeared in five films together. Banks was cast as a love interest for Jack Donaghy in the fourth season of the Emmy Award-winning sitcom 30 Rock. Intended to appear in four episodes in 2010, Banks went on to become a recurring character with 13 appearances by the end of the fifth season, including her marriage in the episode Mrs. Donaghy, her performance in season five earned her a nomination for Primetime Emmy Award f
Alan Sepinwall is an American television reviewer and writer. He spent 14 years as a columnist with The Star-Ledger in Newark until leaving the newspaper in 2010 to work for the entertainment news website HitFix, he wrote for Uproxx, where he worked for two years. He now writes for Rolling Stone. Sepinwall began writing about television with reviews of NYPD Blue while attending the University of Pennsylvania, which led to his job at The Star-Ledger. In 2007 after The Sopranos ended, series creator David Chase granted his sole interview to Sepinwall. In 2009, Sepinwall urged NBC to renew the action-comedy series Chuck, NBC Entertainment co-president Ben Silverman sarcastically credited Sepinwall for the show's revival. Slate.com said Sepinwall "changed the nature of television criticism" and called him the "acknowledged king of the form" with regard to weekly episode recaps and reviews. Sepinwall and television critic Dan Fienberg hosted a podcast at HitFix called Firewall & Iceberg, in which they discussed and reviewed television until October 2015.
During his time at Uproxx, Sepinwall hosted a podcast called TV Avalanche with fellow television critic Brian Grubb. Alan Sepinwall grew up in New Jersey, his father, was a psychopharmacologist, his mother, Harriet, is a professor of social studies education at the College of St. Elizabeth in Morristown, New Jersey. Sepinwall attended Congregation Agudath Israel of West Essex in New Jersey, he studied at the University of Pennsylvania, where he began writing television reviews during his sophomore year in 1993. Sepinwall was critical of his writings from this period, describing it as full of "misspellings, bad grammar and worse, observations that make me cringe". In the 1990s, Sepinwall was a particular fan of the ABC police drama NYPD Blue and wrote reviews of the show on usenet newsgroups; those reviews helped lead Sepinwall to begin a career in television journalism at The Star-Ledger in Newark. Sepinwall began working as The Star-Ledger's television columnist in 1996, he is a member of the Television Critics Association.
Slate.com writer Josh Levin described Sepinwall's week-to-week, post-episode reviews of The Sopranos as "a new form" that combined episode recaps with analyses of the show's subtexts and hidden meanings. Sepinwall has said his writing style was inspired by newsgroup reviews of Star Trek television episodes written by Timothy W. Lynch, as well as the episode recaps and discussions generated on the website Television Without Pity. Around 2005, in addition to his newspaper columns, Sepinwall began blogging for The Star-Ledger on the website "All TV". Around that time, he began maintaining his own private blog, "What's Alan Watching", in which he posted reviews and interacted directly with readers. After 14 years with The Star-Ledger, Sepinwall left the newspaper in 2010 for a job at the entertainment journalism website HitFix, where he would review as many as 15 television shows each week. On that site, he did a podcast with television critic Dan Fienberg called Firewall & Iceberg. In 2010, Slate.com writer Josh Levin said Sepinwall "changed the nature of television criticism" and called him the "acknowledged king of the form" with regard to weekly episode recaps and reviews.
The A. V. Club writer Steve Heisler called Sepinwall "an inspiration to TV critics throughout the country". Sepinwall made a cameo appearance as an extra in an October 2010 episode of the NBC comedy Community, a show which he has praised, he wrote that, in hindsight, he regretted appearing on the show due to "the extreme blurring of the line it caused". In early 2011, Sepinwall began reviewing the ABC comedy series Modern Family less because he received harsh comments from readers whenever he criticized an episode. In 2016, Sepinwall began writing for Uproxx. From 2017 to 2018, Sepinwall hosted a podcast called TV Avalanche with fellow Uproxx television critic Brian Grubb. In May 2018, Sepinwall was moving to Rolling Stone. Sepinwall has interviewed such television figures as The Wire creator David Simon, Mad Men creator Matthew Weiner, The O. C. creator Josh Schwartz, Breaking Bad creator Vince Gilligan. He wrote a book about the Fox teen drama series The O. C. called Stop Being a Hater and Learn to Love The O.
C., published and released in 2004. In 2007 after The Sopranos ended, series creator David Chase gave Sepinwall the sole interview he granted to any journalist at the end of the show. In 2009, when NBC was contemplating canceling the action-comedy Chuck, of which Sepinwall was a strong proponent, he wrote an open letter to NBC executives urging them to renew the show and encouraging them to seek revenue by expanding existing product placement marketing deals; the show was renewed, NBC Entertainment co-chairman Ben Silverman credited Sepinwall for the show's revival, which helped increase Sepinwall's prestige. Sepinwall has been a strong advocate for such shows as Lost, The Shield, Breaking Bad, The Wire. Sepinwall has a daughter and a son. Sepinwall, Alan. Stop Being a Hater and Learn to Love The O. C. Chamberlain Bros. ISBN 1596090065. Sepinwall, Alan; the Revolution Was Televised. Self published. ISBN 0615718299. Sepinwall, Alan; the Revolution Was Televised. Touchstone Books. ISBN 1476739676. Sepinwall and Seitz, Matt Zoller.
TV: Two Experts Pick the Greatest American Shows of All Time. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 1455588199. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors lis
The National Broadcasting Company is an American English-language commercial terrestrial television network, a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast. The network is headquartered at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City, with additional major offices near Los Angeles and Philadelphia; the network is one of the Big Three television networks. NBC is sometimes referred to as the "Peacock Network", in reference to its stylized peacock logo, introduced in 1956 to promote the company's innovations in early color broadcasting, it became the network's official emblem in 1979. Founded in 1926 by the Radio Corporation of America, NBC is the oldest major broadcast network in the United States. At that time the parent company of RCA was General Electric. In 1930, GE was forced to sell the companies as a result of antitrust charges. In 1986, control of NBC passed back to General Electric through its $6.4 billion purchase of RCA. Following the acquisition by GE, Bob Wright served as chief executive officer of NBC, remaining in that position until his retirement in 2007, when he was succeeded by Jeff Zucker.
In 2003, French media company Vivendi merged its entertainment assets with GE, forming NBC Universal. Comcast purchased a controlling interest in the company in 2011, acquired General Electric's remaining stake in 2013. Following the Comcast merger, Zucker left NBCUniversal and was replaced as CEO by Comcast executive Steve Burke. NBC has thirteen owned-and-operated stations and nearly 200 affiliates throughout the United States and its territories, some of which are available in Canada and/or Mexico via pay-television providers or in border areas over-the-air. During a period of early broadcast business consolidation, radio manufacturer Radio Corporation of America acquired New York City radio station WEAF from American Telephone & Telegraph. Westinghouse, a shareholder in RCA, had a competing outlet in Newark, New Jersey pioneer station WJZ, which served as the flagship for a loosely structured network; this station was transferred from Westinghouse to RCA in 1923, moved to New York City. WEAF acted as a laboratory for AT&T's manufacturing and supply outlet Western Electric, whose products included transmitters and antennas.
The Bell System, AT&T's telephone utility, was developing technologies to transmit voice- and music-grade audio over short and long distances, using both wireless and wired methods. The 1922 creation of WEAF offered a research-and-development center for those activities. WEAF maintained a regular schedule of radio programs, including some of the first commercially sponsored programs, was an immediate success. In an early example of "chain" or "networking" broadcasting, the station linked with Outlet Company-owned WJAR in Providence, Rhode Island. C. WCAP. New parent RCA saw an advantage in sharing programming, after getting a license for radio station WRC in Washington, D. C. in 1923, attempted to transmit audio between cities via low-quality telegraph lines. AT&T refused outside companies access to its high-quality phone lines; the early effort fared poorly, since the uninsulated telegraph lines were susceptible to atmospheric and other electrical interference. In 1925, AT&T decided that WEAF and its embryonic network were incompatible with the company's primary goal of providing a telephone service.
AT&T offered to sell the station to RCA in a deal that included the right to lease AT&T's phone lines for network transmission. RCA spent $1 million to purchase WEAF and Washington sister station WCAP, shut down the latter station, merged its facilities with surviving station WRC; the division's ownership was split among RCA, its founding corporate parent General Electric and Westinghouse. NBC started broadcasting on November 15, 1926. WEAF and WJZ, the flagships of the two earlier networks, were operated side-by-side for about a year as part of the new NBC. On January 1, 1927, NBC formally divided their respective marketing strategies: the "Red Network" offered commercially sponsored entertainment and music programming. Various histories of NBC suggest the color designations for the two networks came from the color of the pushpins NBC engineers used to designate affiliate stations of WEAF and WJZ, or from the use of double-ended red and blue colored pencils. On April 5, 1927, NBC expanded to the West Coast with the launch of the NBC Orange Network known as the Pacific Coast Network.
This was followed by the debut of the NBC Gold Network known as the Pacific Gold Network, on October 18, 1931. The Orange Network carried Red Network programming, the Gold Network carried programming from the Blue Network; the Orange Network recreated Eastern Red Network programming for West Coast stations at KPO in San Francisco. In 1936, the Orange Network affiliate stations became part of the Red Network, at the same time the Gold Network became part of the Blue Network. In the 1930s, NBC developed a network for shortwave radio stations, called the NBC White Network. In 1927, NBC moved its operations to 711 Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, occupying the upper floors of a building de
John Francis "Jack" Donaghy is a fictional character on the NBC sitcom 30 Rock, airing from 2006 to 2013. The character was created by series creator Tina Fey, is portrayed by Alec Baldwin, he was introduced as the Vice President of East Coast Television and Microwave Oven Programming for General Electric. As Vice President, he serves as the protagonist Liz Lemon's boss as well as her personal mentor; as the series progresses, their relationship informs their respective storylines. Donaghy climbs up the corporate hierarchy to achieve his professional dream of leading General Electric as its president and chairman. Donaghy's penchant for wealth, authority, Republican values, social status has been acclaimed as a high point of the series and his characterization. Fey intended for the character to serve as an oppositional but complimentary counter to Lemon, expressed through various gender and power dynamics. Baldwin has received two Primetime Emmy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, seven Screen Actors Guild Awards, one Television Critics Association Award for his portrayal of this character.
John Francis Donaghy had an unhappy and impoverished childhood in South Boston in Sadchester, Massachusetts. When he was two, Jack's presumed father lured him to the edge of a swimming pool with a puppy and pushed him in the pool, abandoned his family, his mother Colleen Murphy Donaghy has nagged him his whole life blaming him for John F. Kennedy's death and for his father leaving. However, she was devoted to her children. For example, it was noted that she had traded sexual favors with Frederick August Otto Schwarz III for Christmas presents for Jack and his siblings. Young Jack took to calling his collie "Pop" until the dog was accidentally run over by the mailman and intentionally left to die in the street by his mother; the dog had earlier been neutered, causing Jack to charge his mother with "cutting Pop's balls off." His mother tried to send him to Vietnam when he was 12 to make a man out of him. He played hockey, the piano and the flute as a child, prompting his mother to embarrass him by having him play "The Star-Spangled Banner" on said flute in front of the hockey team, which he captained.
Due to his family's poverty, Donaghy began working at the age of 12, as a stevedore at the Port of Boston. He attended Princeton University, where he played football and baseball for the Tigers, joined the Princeton Charter Club, played Maria in an all-male production of West Side Story, was a member of the "Twig and Plums" secret society, was a classmate of Michelle Obama. In addition to the Amory Blaine Handsomeness Scholarship, his jobs during college included "the day shift at a graveyard, the graveyard shift for the Days Inn", he laments that his voice has been dragged into various things like Thomas the Tank Engine and Wu-Tang Clan songs. Subsequently, the linguistics department sold his voice to GE for use in their microwaves, he attended Harvard Business School, which he paid for by working as a Swan Boat operator, where he was voted "Most" by his classmates. Carly Simon's 1972 hit song "You're So Vain" was, in fact, written by him. Post-college, Jack worked as an intern for Senator Ted Kennedy, where Jack displayed an liberal political world-view by the standards of a young Al Gore.
At some point, though as yet unexplained, he underwent a complete reversal of his philosophy and became a conservative Republican. Jack participated in Hands Across America and at some point coined the phrase "what's the upside?" In the years after working for Kennedy, Jack "thrived" on fear, bow hunting polar bears, climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, once driving a rental car into the Hudson River to practice escaping, showering with Greta Van Susteren and overcoming a peanut allergy through sheer willpower. Jack once practiced martial arts under Chuck Norris, but they had a falling out after he switched to another dojo, it is revealed in "Live from Studio 6H" that, as a young employee in the GE poisons division in 1986, Jack answered phones during a live telethon. During that broadcast, Tracy Jordan realized his talent for getting laughs as a performer. A 16-year-old Liz Lemon made a prank call, claiming to have been a nurse in the war, impregnated by General Electric when he was Colonel Electric.
Jack's loyalty to GE and his handsomeness impressed Don Geiss, who transferred Jack to the microwave ovens division. At some point, he rotated through GE's plastics division, where he befriended the "brilliant plastics engineer / lesbian", Gretchen Thomas. After years of market research, he made his "greatest triumph" in the form of the Trivection oven, a product he created at General Electric, having first envisioned it while responding to Liz Lemon's prank call in 1986, it was on the strengths of the Trivection oven that, in mid-2006, he replaced deceased Gary to become Vice President of East Coast Television and Microwave Oven Programming. Jack was the architect of bringing Tracy Jordan on board the NBC sketch show The Girlie Show, despite the objections of head writer /creator Liz Lemon and producer Pete Hornberger. Jack made sure that Tracy was the main star and ensured the show's name was changed to TGS with Tracy Jordan after bribing a focus group with pizza. Jack's mother still calls him and she now wants to move in with him, away from her