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In Norse cosmology, Alfheim called Ljosalfheim, is home of the Light Elves. Álfheim as an abode of the Elves is mentioned only twice in Old Norse texts. The eddic poem Grímnismál describes twelve divine dwellings beginning in stanza 5 with: Ýdalir call they the place where UllA hall for himself hath set. A tooth-gift was a gift given to an infant on the cutting of the first tooth. In the 12th century eddic prose Gylfaginning, Snorri Sturluson relates it as the first of a series of abodes in heaven: That, called Álfheim is one, where dwell the peoples called ljósálfar; the Light-elves are fairer to look upon than the sun. The account in speaking of a hall in the Highest Heaven called Gimlé that shall survive when heaven and earth have died, explains: It is said that another heaven is to the southward and upward of this one, it is called Andlang but the third heaven is yet above that, it is called Vídbláin and in that heaven we think this abode is, but we believe that Light-Elves inhabit these mansions now.

It is not indicated whether these heavens are distinct. Some texts read Vindbláin instead of Vídbláin. Modern commentators speculate that Álfheim was one of the nine worlds mentioned in stanza 2 of the eddic poem Völuspá. Fairyland Svartálfar Wikisource:Prose Edda/Gylfaginning by Sturluson, Snorri, 13th century Edda, in English. Accessed Apr. 16, 2007 Gylfaginning in Old Norse Robbins, Rossell Hope. The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft and Demonology. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc. Bulfinch, Thomas. Bulfinch's Mythology. New York: Harper & Row, 1970, p. 348. ISBN 0-690-57260-3. Marshall Jones Company; the Mythology of All Races Series, Volume 2 Eddic, Great Britain: Marshall Jones Company, 1930, pp. 220–221

Transport (band)

Transport is a three-piece independent rock band from Brisbane, made up of Keir Nuttall, Scott Saunders and Steve Pope. Transport was formed in 2001 when all three members were studying at the Queensland Conservatorium of Music. In 2003 they won Australia's National Campus Band Competition. Transport tours and records as the band of Brisbane singer and Sony-BMG artist Kate Miller-Heidke, joined by singer and violinist Sallie Campbell. Transport's material is written and developed co-operatively by the band, Keir Nuttall has contributed songs to Kate Miller-Heidke's repertoire, notably her turntable hit Space They Cannot Touch from 2004's Telegram, her 2007 single Words. Transport's first two EPs and other songs including the single Sunday Driver were recorded by producer Guy Cooper on the Gold Coast; the band has continued to record and perform independently of Kate Miller-Heidke at Brisbane venues but on international and interstate tours, live radio broadcasts. The band's song Sunday Driver was downloaded a record 24,000 times from the website of youth radio network Triple J, in Britain Stone Hearted has been aired on BBC Radio 1 and on Kerrang!

Radio. In April 2007 Transport appeared at the Roxy Theatre in Los Angeles as part of the Musexpo music and media conference. In May–June 2007 the band toured independent venues in the UK as part of the CMEAS Spring Tour. In November 2007 Transport's first full-length album Inner Chimp was pre-released for download. Safe No Rebounds Transport Stone Hearted Inner Chimp Emma Chalmers, Winning band makes sparks fly, Brisbane Courier-Mail, 14 November 2003 Guy Mosel, Transport a pandora's box, Brisbane Courier-Mail, 18 June 2004 Noel Mengel, Something for Kate among the rock hits, Brisbane Courier-Mail, 10 August 2006 Transport: official website Transport at MySpace Transport lyrics at SongMeanings Kate Miller-Heidke official website

Johann Friedrich Gmelin

Johann Friedrich Gmelin was a German naturalist, entomologist and malacologist. Johann Friedrich Gmelin was born as the eldest son of Philipp Friedrich Gmelin in 1748 in Tübingen, he studied medicine under his father at University of Tübingen and graduated with an MD in 1768, with a thesis entitled: Irritabilitatem vegetabilium, in singulis plantarum partibus exploratam ulterioribusque experimentis confirmatam. Defended under the presidency of Ferdinand Christoph Oetinger, whom he thanks with the words Patrono et praeceptore in aeternum pie devenerando, pro summis in medicina obtinendis honoribus. In 1769, Gmelin became an adjunct professor of medicine at University of Tübingen. In 1773, he became professor of philosophy and adjunct professor of medicine at University of Göttingen, he was promoted to full professor of medicine and professor of chemistry and mineralogy in 1778. He died in 1804 in Göttingen. Johann Friedrich Gmelin published several textbooks in the fields of chemistry, pharmaceutical science and botany.

He published the 13th edition of Systema Naturae by Carl Linnaeus in 1788 and 1789. This contained descriptions and scientific names of many new species, including birds that had earlier been catalogued without a scientific name by John Latham in his A General Synopsis of Birds. Gmelin's publication is cited as the authority for over 290 bird species and a number of butterfly species. Among his students were Georg Friedrich Hildebrandt, Carl Friedrich Kielmeyer, Friedrich Stromeyer, Wilhelm August Lampadius, he was the father of Leopold Gmelin. He described the redfin pickerel in 1789. In the scientific field of herpetology, he described many new species of reptiles. In the field of malacology, he named many species of gastropods; the abbreviation "Gmel." is found. Gmelin, Johann Friedrich. Irritabilitatem vegetabilium, in singulis plantarum partibus exploratam ulterioribusque experimentis confirmatam. Thesis Tübingen. OCLC 10717434. Allgemeine Geschichte der Gifte, 2 Vol. 1776/77 Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf.

Allgemeine Geschichte der Pflanzengifte, 1777 Allgemeine Geschichte der mineralischen Gifte. Nürnberg: Raspe, 1777. Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf. Johann Friedrich Gmelins... Einleitung in die Chemie zum Gebrauch auf Universitäten. Nürnberg: Raspe, 1780. Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf. Einleitung in die Pharmacie. Nürnberg: Raspe, 1781. Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf. Beyträge zur Geschichte des teutschen Bergbaus, 1783 Ueber die neuere Entdeckungen in der Lehre von der Luft, und deren Anwendung auf Arzneikunst, in Briefen an einen Arzt, von J. F. Gmelin. 1784 Grundsätze der technischen Chemie, 1786 Caroli a Linné, equitis aurati de stella polari, … Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, genera, cum characteribus, synonymis, locis. Editio decima tertia, reformata. Lipsiae, Georg Emanuel Beer, 1789-1790 Grundriß der Pharmazie, 1792 Apparatus Medicaminum tam simplicium quam praeparatorum et compositorum in Praxeos Adiumentum consideratus, Ps.

2, T. 1 - Ps. 2, T. 2. 1795–1796. Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf. Geschichte der Chemie, 1799 Allgemeine Geschichte der thierischen und mineralischen Gifte, 1806 Vane-Wright, R. I. 1975. The butterflies named by J. F. Gmelin. Bulletin of the British Museum,Entomology, 32: 17–64.pdf Gmelin's chemical genealogy Johann Friedrich Gmelin at the Mathematics Genealogy Project Johann Friedrich Gmelin in the German National Library catalogue "Author Details for Johann Friedrich Gmelin". International Plant Names Index. International Organization for Plant Information. Books by Johann Friedrich Gmelin at Internet Archive Zoologica Göttingen State and University Library

Château de Terre-Neuve

The Castle of Terre Neuve is an historic château in Fontenay-le-Comte, Vendée, Pays de la Loire, France. It has been listed as an official historical monument by the French Ministry of Culture since 1978; the Castle of Terre Neuve was built in the 1590s for Nicolas Rapin. On a plateau opposite of the historic center of Fontenay-le-Comte Nicolas Rapin bought a farm in 1584. Former mayor of the city, chased by Protestants in 1569, Nicolas Rapin is known for his military career, but as a poet and a lawyer. Although having fought against the Huguenots, Rapin co-signed the Satire Ménippée, a work supporting the accession of Henri IV to power against the Catholic League. Ennobled in 1590, Nicolas Rapin built his castle around 1594. Close to royal power and humanist circles, Nicolas Rapin welcomed some renowned guests in Terre-Neuve such as Agrippa d'Aubigné or the Duke of Sully. In 1691 the Rapin family is ruined, the castle is sold several times before being purchased by a congregation of Vincentian priests around 1701.

Moved here to evangelize the region, they still occupied the house during the Revolution period. Born in Terre-Neuve in 1824, Octave de Rochebrune is the grandson of Claude Tendron de Vassé who bought the château in 1805. Student at Stanislas College in Paris, he entered the studio of the painter and lithographer Justin Ouvrié known for his depictions of monuments and cities. Returning to Fontenay-le-Comte in 1848, Octave de Rochebrune marries Alix Grelier du Fougeroux whose grandfather took part in the Vendée war as a vendean lieutenant. Little by little, Octave de Rochebrune indulges in the technique of etching, he learned how to engrave, work the copper plates, handle the acid technique. In his workshop at Terre-Neuve, the majors French monuments such as Chambord castle, the Louvre museum or monument of Vendée as the church of Vouvant will come out of the press. Engraver and art lover, Octave de Rochebrune had a brief political career. Close to legitimist circles, he held the office of mayor of Fontenay-le-Comte three times between 1868 and 1878.

He died in Fontenay in 1900 and is buried in Notre-Dame cemetery near his wife who died in 1872. He leaves behind him an important collection, including 492 engraved brass. During the 19th century, Octave de Rochebrune want to preserve some heritage against destruction; the set-up of the different items and furniture’s collected outside of Terre-Neuve represent the architectural ideal of Octave de Rochebrune. Most of the Renaissance elements added by Rochebrune comes from the castle of Coulonges-sur-l'Autize: Porch, door frame in the dining room, vaults of the workshop, fireplace in the main living room; the castle of Coulonges was in ruin prior to the Revolution. Rochebrune's approach was similar when he restored and installed the fireplace from the seneschal house of Fontenay-le-Comte, in the dining room. Thanks to its proximity with the Count of Chambord, Henri d'Artois, Octave de Rochebrune received two doors from François Ier era and thirteen suns from the room of Louis XIV in Chambord; these elements are integrated into the door of the dining room, the woodwork of the main living room...

It is from the Château de Chambord that comes another decoration reassembled in the main living room: the forestage pediment of the first performance of the Bourgeois Gentilhomme by Molière in 1670. This theater decor was designed by Carlo Vigarani. Official website

Petersburg Borough, Alaska

Petersburg Borough is a borough in the U. S. state of Alaska. According to Census Bureau estimates, the population was 3,221 in 2018; the borough seat is Petersburg. Petersburg is the most created county equivalent in the United States; when the borough incorporated in 2013, it took area from the Hoonah-Angoon Census Area and the former Petersburg Census Area. The remaining portion of Petersburg Census Area was added to Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area. Petersburg Census Area was created in 2008 from the remaining portion of Wrangell-Petersburg Census Area upon the incorporation of the City and Borough of Wrangell. Located in central Southeast Alaska, the Petersburg Borough encompasses 3,829 square miles. Juneau Borough, Alaska - northwest Wrangell Borough, Alaska - southeast Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area, Alaska - southwest Hoonah–Angoon Census Area - north and west Regional District of Kitimat-Stikine, British Columbia, Canada - east Kupreanof Hobart Bay Petersburg List of boroughs in Alaska Official website Petersburg Chamber of Commerce Petersburg Public Access Atlas Map of the former census area

British Journal of Sociology

The British Journal of Sociology is a peer-reviewed academic journal, established in 1950 at the London School of Economics. It represents the mainstream of sociological thinking and research and publishes high quality papers on all aspects of the discipline, by academics from all over the world; the journal has been considered to be among "the highest-status journals are the leaders in their particular field". It is one of the three main sociology journals in the United Kingdom, along with Sociology and The Sociological Review; the main founders were Thomas Humphrey Marshall. Their intended title, "The London Journal of Sociology", seems to have been changed by the publisher before the first issue was brought out. In the course of 1991–1994, a controversy between John Goldthorpe and others was carried on in its pages, regarding the merits and weaknesses of current historical sociology; the most cited article, "Class Analysis and the Reorientation of Class Theory: The Case of Persisting Differentials in Educational Attainment" by John Goldthorpe, was cited 672 times as of 28 July 2015.

British Journal of Sociology is indexed in the Social Sciences Citation Index. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2015 impact factor of 1.894, ranking it 37 out of 142 journals in the category "Sociology". Official website