Patreksfjörður is an Icelandic village in the Westfjords with 687 inhabitants. The town was named after Patrick bishop in the Hebrides, the spiritual guide of Örlygur Hrappson, the original settler in the area who came from the Hebrides, its economy is based on its fisheries. Amenities include a swimming pool, campsite, four guesthouses, a hotel, two restaurants, two cafes and a gas station. In town is a hospital, police station and the town hall for the Municipality of Vesturbyggd. Olympian Leiknir Jónsson was born here. Patreksfjörður has a tundra climate. Patreksfjörður Airport is an unscheduled airport located across the fjord, nearly 5 km south of the town; the nearest airport with scheduled flights is 36 km from Patreksfjörður. Eagle Air connects Reykjavik with one daily flight. There are scheduled buses from Patreksfjörður to Bíldudalur Airport; the bus connects Patreksfjörður with nearby villages Bíldudalur and Tálknafjörður. More information and photos about Patreksfjörður on Hit Iceland
Húsavík is a town in Norðurþing municipality on the north coast of Iceland on the shores of Skjálfandi bay with 2,307 inhabitants. The most famous landmark of the town is the wooden church Húsavíkurkirkja, built in 1907. Húsavík is served by Húsavík Airport. Income is derived from fishing, as well as retail and small industry; until Húsavík was the export harbour for silica, extracted from nearby lake Mývatn. According to the Landnámabók, Húsavík was the first place in Iceland to be settled by a Norse man; the Swedish Viking Garðar Svavarsson stayed there for one winter around 870 A. D; when he left the island in spring of 870, after a winter's stay, he left behind a man named Nattfari and two slaves, a man and a woman, they established a farm here. The name of the town means "bay of houses" referring to Garðar's homestead, which may have been the only houses in Iceland. Húsavík has become a centre of whale watching in Iceland due to whales of different species that enter the bay; the Húsavík Whale Museum is located in the downtown by the harbour.
In town there is a civic museum about culture and biology. Among other things, it shows ancient boats; each year in mid July, Húsavík holds a festival called Mærudagar, which translates to “Candy Days”. Thousands of people from all over Iceland come to the tiny town to enjoy this occasion which consists of music, colorful decorations, an array of food and drink. Húsavík is home to The Exploration Museum, a museum about the history of human exploration. A monument honoring the Apollo astronauts that trained around Húsavík during the 1960s is located outside the museum; the region of Mývatn, with its interesting geology and diverse animal life, is nearby. Jökulsárgljúfur National Park with the horseshoe-shaped canyon Ásbyrgi and the waterfalls Dettifoss and Selfoss is not far from the town. ÍF Völsungur is the local football club. They last played in Iceland's top tier in the 1988 season. Karlskoga, Sweden Fredrikstad, Norway Riihimäki, Finland Aalborg, Denmark Qeqertarsuaq, Greenland Fuglafjørður, Faroe Islands Eastport, Maine, USA Húsavík experiences midnight sun from 11 June until 29 June.
Although Húsavík doesn't experience polar night in December solstice, the shortest daylight hours in Húsavík are 2 hours 45 minutes, from 11:45 UTC until 14:30 UTC on 21 December. History of Iceland Húsavík Chamber of Commerce and Tourism List of cities and towns in Iceland Volcanology of Iceland Official tourist information website Official website Whalewatching and information about whales Húsavík whale watching
Fáskrúðsfjörður is a village in eastern Iceland. It has a population of 662 and constitutes one of the villages composing the municipality of Fjarðabyggð. Fáskrúðsfjörður, located on the same-named fjord, lies between Stöðvarfjörður, it is one of the easternmost settlements of Iceland. The other neighbouring villages composing the municipality of Fjarðabyggð are: Eskifjörður, Mjóifjörður, Neskaupstaður, Reyðarfjörður and Stöðvarfjörður. Fáskrúðsfjörður was home to a hospital founded to serve French fishermen; the former hospital building has now been restored as a hotel. The village is now a centre for visitors viewing the Northern Lights. Gravelines Media related to Fáskrúðsfjörður at Wikimedia Commons Fáskrúðsfjörður page on Fjarðabyggð municipal website
Akranes is a port town and municipality on the west coast of Iceland, around 20 km north of the capital Reykjavík. The area where Akranes is located was settled in the 9th century, but did not receive a municipal charter until 1942. Akranes was settled in the 9th century by the brothers Ketill, sons of Bresi, they came from Ireland. The town started to form in the mid-17th century as a fishing village. In 1942, it was formally chartered, in the following years it had the biggest surge in population in its history. Industry has been a big and growing employer: a cement plant has been operated in the town since the 1950s, an aluminum smelting plant has been in operation near the town since 1998; the fishing industry remains the town's most important source of employment, but commerce is a significant employer as Akranes acts as a service center for a large rural region surrounding it. The town is expected to grow further in the coming years because of growing industry and improvements of transportation to the Reykjavík area, following the construction of the 5.57 km-long Hvalfjörður Tunnel, opened in 1998, one of the world's longest underwater road tunnels.
Akranes has a strong football tradition. The local team, ÍA, has for many years been among the best of the Icelandic football league. Former Sheffield Wednesday and Arsenal midfielder Siggi Jónsson was born in Akranes and had three spells as a player with ÍA. Akranes was the birthplace of the Atom poet Jón Óskar and footballers Ríkharður Jónsson and Arnór Sigurðsson; the town is home to Football club Íþróttabandalag Akraness Who play in the Inkasso deildin following relegation from the top tier. The town is home to Second Division club Knattspyrnufélagið Kári Akranes Museum Centre Official website
Egilsstaðir is a town in east Iceland on the banks of the Lagarfljót river. It is part of the municipality of Fljótsdalshérað, the county seat of Norður-Múlasýsla and the largest settlement of the Eastern Region with, as of 2016, a population of 2,306 inhabitants. Egilsstadir is located at 65°17′N 14°23′W; the town is young by Icelandic standards where urbanization is a recent trend compared to mainland Europe. It was established in 1947 as an effort by the surrounding rural districts recognizing it had become a regional service centre; the town, named after Egilsstaðir farm, is near the bridge over Lagarfljót where all the main roads of the region meet, Route 1 as well as the main routes to the Eastern Region. Egilsstaðir has grown to become the largest town of East Iceland and its main service and administration centre; the town has an airport, a hospital. The town grew during the economic boom in the region from 2004 to 2008 associated with the building of the Kárahnjúkar Hydropower Plant and Alcoa's aluminium smelting plant in Reyðarfjörður.
The growth has slowed markedly since the banking collapse in 2008. In written accounts, Egilsstaðir is first mentioned in the 15th century as a place for legislative assembly; the nearby river Eyvindará is mentioned in the Saga of the Sons of Droplaug and Saga of the inhabitants of Fljótsdalur. Urbanization in Egilsstaðir can be traced to Jón Bergsson, a farmer, who laid the groundwork for increased commerce and services at the Egilsstaðir farm by erecting a large residential building there at the start of the 20th century; the house is still in use as a hotel. Jón bought the farm Egilsstaðr at the close of the 19th century because of its location when he predicted "Crossroads will be here", which proved prescient. Along with others, Jón Bergsson took the initiative to establish the co-operative Kaupfélag Héraðsbúa with headquarters there in 1909. In subsequent years, bridges were built over Lagarfljót river and Eyvindará river and a road made over Fagridalur to Reyðarfjörður; the regional headquarters for mail and telephone services were located at Egilsstaðir.
In 1947 Egilsstaðir was incorporated as a town and a rural jurisdiction Egilsstaðahreppur, with neighbouring jurisdictions Vallahreppur and Eiðahreppur joining the new jurisdiction. The town soon grew and by 1980 the population exceeded 1000. In 1987, the status of the town was upgraded to kaupstaður and renamed Egilsstaðabær, or the city of Egilsstaðir. In early 2011, the population was 2,257 and had increased by 41 percent from the year 2001, when 1,600 were registered there. On June 7, 1998 Egilsstaðabær was united with Vallahreppur, Skriðdalshreppur, Eiðahreppur and Hjaltastaðarhreppur under the name Austur-Hérað. Austur-Hérað became Fljótsdalshérað in the year 2004. Egilsstaðir has a subarctic climate. Winters here tend to be colder than other towns in the area, summers tend to have daytime highs exceeding 15 °C, higher than most of Iceland, but at night it is colder than most towns with a similar climate; the figures here given for precipitation days and sunshine hours belong to Grímsárvirkjun and Hallormsstaður, which are 15 kilometres and 25 kilometres away from Egilsstaðir and get around 100 millimetres more precipitation than Egilsstaðir, so it is possible that Egilsstaðir has fewer days with precipitation and gets more sunlight than stated below.
Although not stated in the table below, the highest temperature recorded is 29.2 °C on August 11, 2004, recorded at Egilsstaðir Airport. The climate has warmed in recent years. Eiðar longwave transmitter Kárahnjúkar Hydropower Plant Hallormsstaðaskógur - the biggest forest in Iceland Hengifoss - a waterfall in Fljótsdalur Skriðuklaustur - the mansion of writer Gunnar Gunnarsson Öxi - mountain road between Egilsstaðir and Djúpivogur Sveinn Birkir Björnsson - former editor of the Reykjavík Grapevine. Sigmar Vilhjálmsson - Iceland TV host. Hjálmar Jónsson - Iceland national team footballer. Vilhjálmur Einarsson, triple-jump athlete, silver medal winner at the 1956 Olympic games. Magnús Ver Magnússon, four times World's Strongest Man. Media related to Egilsstaðir at Wikimedia Commons Egilsstaðir travel guide from Wikivoyage
Akureyri is a town in northern Iceland. It is Iceland's fifth largest municipality, after Reykjavík, Hafnarfjörður, Kópavogur, Reykjanesbær. Nicknamed the Capital of North Iceland, Akureyri is an important fishing centre; the area where Akureyri is located was settled in the 9th century but did not receive a municipal charter until 1786. The town was the site of Allied units during World War II. Further growth occurred after the war as the Icelandic population moved to urban areas; the area has a mild climate because of geographical factors, the town's ice-free harbour has played a significant role in its history. The Norse Viking Helgi magri Eyvindarson settled the area in the 9th century; the first mention of Akureyri is in court records from 1562 when a woman was sentenced there for adultery. In the 17th century, Danish merchants based their camps at the current site of Akureyri, one of the numerous spits of land in Pollurinn; the main reasons for choosing this spot for trading operations were the outstanding natural harbour and the fertility of the area.
The merchants returned home in the winter. Permanent settlement at Akureyri started in 1778, eight years the town was granted its municipal charter by the king of Denmark along with five other towns in Iceland; the king hoped to improve the living conditions of Icelanders by this action because at the time, Iceland had never had urban areas. As far as the king was concerned Akureyri was unsuccessful, because it did not grow from its population of 12, it lost its municipal status in 1836 but regained it in 1862. From on Akureyri started to grow because of the excellent port conditions and more because of the productive agricultural region around it. Agricultural products became an important sector of the economy. During World War II, Akureyri was one of three air bases used by the Norwegian-British No. 330 Squadron RNoAF. The squadron, formed on 25 April 1941, flew Northrop N-3PB bombers:'A' flight was based at RAF Reykjavik,'B' flight at Akureyri and'C' flight at Budareyri. On 1 December 1940,'A' and'B' flights ceased operating from Norwegian bases, but'C' flight continued to fly Northrop N-3PBs from Akureyri until 5 April 1943.
No. 330 Squadron RNoAF operated Catalina flying boats from Akureyri, which protected convoys between the United States, the United Kingdom and Murmansk in northern Russia from attack by German submarines. In the 20th century, Iceland experienced an exodus from the countryside to the towns. Commerce and service industries grew to be the primary employers in Akureyri in the 1990s. Jón Sveinsson, a popular author of children's books, was born in Akureyri and died in 1944. In the early 21st century, fishing industries have become more important in Akureyri as two of the major fishing companies of Iceland have become a more important source of revenue and are expected to grow further in coming years; the University of Akureyri is growing rapidly. Since 2004, the former municipality of Hrísey, an island 35 kilometres to the north, has been a part of Akureyri. Hrísey, which has a population of 210, is the second largest island off Iceland and is a site for pet and livestock quarantine; the settlement was the site of fishing processing.
The town is located on the southern part of the island. The northern part consists of owned land that requires passes to enter. Akureyri is located at 65°41′N 18°06′W and positioned on the west side of the inland end of the fjord Eyjafjörður, it is surrounded by mountains, the highest being Kista and another peak of 1,538 metres at the head of Glerádalur, 15 kilometres to the southwest. There is a narrow coastal strip of flat land. In earlier times a few spits of land jutted from the narrow coast, but a lot of land has since been reclaimed from the sea so that today the coastline is more except for the largest spit, formed by the river Glerá which runs through the town, it is thought that the name of the town is derived from the name of a field which may have been situated near some of the sheltered locations by the river. The body of sea between Oddeyri and the end of the fjord is known as Pollurinn and is known for calm winds and a good natural harbour. Akureyri today is centered on Ráðhústorg near the northwest corner of Pollurinn.
The districts of Akureyri are: Innbær, the oldest part of town on the strip of land between the hill and Pollurinn south of the central area. Because of the town's position at the head of a long fjord surrounded by high mountains, the climate is more inland than coastal, with greater variations in temperature than in many other inhabited parts of Iceland. However, the mountains shield the town from strong winds; the warm climate allows the botanical gardens to flourish without need of a greenhouse. The area around Akureyri has one of the warmest climates in Iceland though it is only 100 km from the Arctic Circle. Akureyri has a subarctic climate, with mild summers; the snow cover starts forming in late October and melts in April, yet snow can lie on the mountain peaks around Akureyri for the whole year. Akureyri is a cloudy town, averaging only 1,047
Seltjarnarnes is an Icelandic township located within the Capital Region. It took on its current political form shortly after the Second World War and was formally created as a township in 1947, it is the smallest Icelandic township by land. There are two schools in Mýrarhúsaskóli and Valhúsaskóli; the Independence Party has had an overall control in the town's council since proper elections started in 1962. Icelandic first lady Guðrún Katrín Þorbergsdóttir held a position in the city council for 16 years. In the last elections in 2014, the party received 52,6% of the votes and 4 out of 7 members of the council. Other parties represented in the town council are Samfylkingin with 2 members and Neslistinn with one member; the mayor is Ásgerður Halldórsdóttir. Seltjarnarnes became the world's first town where every citizen had access to fiber optics in 2007; the local football team Grótta play in Iceland's second level division. Grótta's handball teams play in Iceland's top division. Grótta's women's team were Icelandic champions in 2015 and 2016.
Grótta has gymnastics and weight-lifting. Jon von Tetzchner, founder of Opera and Vivaldi web browsers. Media related to Seltjarnarnes at Wikimedia Commons Official website