Telecom Bretagne is one of the top French public institutions of higher education and research of engineering in France, a high standard research centre providing high level training in Information Technologies and telecommunications. This grande école of engineering is located near Brest in Brittany; as a member of the Institut Mines-Telecom, it has three campuses: Plouzané, in the Technopôle Brest-Iroise, near Brest. Telecom Bretagne has been the source of breakthroughs in the world of telecommunications, notably the turbo codes used extensively in 3G mobile telephony standards. 1974: Pierre Lelong – Secretary of State for the PTT – decides to establish a second school of telecommunications that will be located in the Brest area. 1977: Creation of ENST Bretagne in Brest. Admission of the first student body which counted 31 students. 1986: Creation of the Rennes site. 1997: Creation of the Groupe des Écoles des Télécommunications. 2008: Renamed Telecom Bretagne. 2012: Creation of the Institut Mines-Télécom.
For students admitted in formation initiale, the curriculum takes 3 years and deals with six main domains in 1st and 2nd year: Mathematics and signal processing Electronics and physics Computer science Networks Economy and social sciences Languages and intercultural dimensionsand 4 options in 3rd year: Engineering and system integration Software systems and networks Services and business engineering Information processing systems. Telecom Bretagne delivers Master of Science degrees, which are compliant with the Bologna system. MSc are two-year training courses leading to a high level of expertise in Information Technologies: MSc in Telecommunication Systems Engineering MSc in Design and Engineering of Communication Networks MSc in Computer Science & Decision Systems MSc in Information Systems Project Management & Consulting Admission for the Engineering degree is decided, for most French students, through competitive examination after two to three years of theoretical physics and mathematics classes in CPGE.
Foreign students and a few French students are selected after undergraduate or graduate studies based on their results and specific tests. Pierre Gattaz, CEO of Radiall, president of MEDEF Jean-Marc Jézéquel, computer scientist and author, director of IRISA Imad Sabouni, Minister of Communications and Technology of Syria Adrienne Jablanczy, President of the Institut supérieur européen de gestion group Institut Mines-Telecom Telecom ParisTech Telecom & Management SudParis Official site Official facebook Students' web pages Alumni Association Junior Entreprise ESN Section
The Tampa Bay Buccaneers are a professional American football team based in Tampa, Florida. The Buccaneers compete in the National Football League as a member club of the league's National Football Conference South division; the club joined the NFL in 1976 as an expansion team, along with the Seattle Seahawks. Tampa Bay played its first season in the American Football Conference West division as part of the 1976 expansion plan, whereby each new franchise would play every other franchise over the first two years. After the season, the team switched conferences with the Seahawks and became a member of the NFC Central division. During the 2002 league realignment, the Buccaneers joined three former NFC West teams to form the NFC South; the club is owned by the Glazer family, plays its home games at Raymond James Stadium in Tampa. The Buccaneers are the first post-merger expansion team to win a division championship, a playoff game, to host and play in a conference championship game, they are the first team since the merger to complete a winning season when starting 10 or more rookies, which happened in the 2010 season.
In 1976 and 1977, the Buccaneers lost their first 26 games. They would not win their first game in franchise history until Week 13, of 14, in 1977. After a brief winning era in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the team suffered through 14 consecutive losing seasons. For a 10-year period, they were consistent playoff contenders and won Super Bowl XXXVII at the end of the 2002 season, but have not yet returned to the Super Bowl; the name "Tampa Bay" is used to describe a geographic metropolitan area which encompasses the cities around the body of water known as Tampa Bay, including Tampa, St. Petersburg, Clearwater and Sarasota. Unlike in the case of Green Bay, there is no municipality known as "Tampa Bay"; the "Tampa Bay" in the names of local professional sports franchises, such as the Buccaneers, Rays and the former Storm and Mutiny, denotes that they represent the entire region, not just the city of Tampa. The Tampa Bay expansion franchise was awarded to Tom McCloskey, a construction company owner from Philadelphia.
McCloskey soon entered a financial dispute with the NFL, so the league found a replacement in Hugh Culverhouse, a wealthy tax attorney from Jacksonville. Culverhouse's handshake deal to purchase the Los Angeles Rams from the estate of Dan Reeves was thwarted by Robert Irsay's purchase of the team, which he traded to Carroll Rosenbloom in exchange for the Baltimore Colts, a complete trade of teams between two owners. Culverhouse filed antitrust lawsuits in which he accused the NFL of conspiracy for preventing his purchase of the Rams, as part of his settlement with the league, he was given priority when the NFL expanded soon thereafter. A name-the-team contest resulted in the nickname "Buccaneers", a reference to José Gaspar, the mythical Florida pirate, the inspiration for Tampa's Gasparilla Pirate Festival; the team name was opposed by St. Petersburg businessmen on the grounds that it emphasized Tampa at the expense of other Bay Area cities, until NFL commissioner Pete Rozelle himself met with them to encourage their support.
Their uniforms and "Bucco Bruce" winking pirate logo were designed by Tampa Tribune artist Lamar Sparkman using colors drawn from the state's four major college teams at the time: orange from the universities of Miami and Florida, red from Florida State and the University of Tampa. They were one of the few teams to wear white home uniforms, forcing opponents to wear their warmer dark uniforms in Tampa's afternoon heat; the team's first home was Tampa Stadium, built in 1967 to attract an NFL franchise and was expanded in 1974 to seat just over 72,500 fans. John McKay, a college coach who had led the University of Southern California Trojans to four national championships in the 1960s and 1970s, was named the Buccaneers' first head coach in early 1976; the Bucs soon traded for Steve Spurrier, who had won a Heisman Trophy at the University of Florida in 1966, to be their starting quarterback for their expansion season. The Buccaneers joined the NFL as members of the AFC West in 1976; the following year, they were moved to the NFC Central, while the other 1976 expansion team, the Seattle Seahawks, switched conferences with Tampa Bay and joined the AFC West.
This realignment was dictated by the league as part of the 1976 expansion plan, so that both teams could play each other twice and every other NFL franchise once during their first two seasons. Instead of a traditional schedule of playing each division opponent twice, the Buccaneers played every conference team once, plus the Seahawks. Tampa Bay did not win their first game until the 13th week of their second season, starting with a record of 0–26; until the Detroit Lions in 2008, the 1976 Bucs were the only Super Bowl-era team to go winless in a whole season. Their losing streak caused them to become the butt of late-night television comedians' jokes, their first win came on the road against the New Orleans Saints. The Saints' head coach, Hank Stram, was fired after losing to the Buccaneers. Tampa Bay needed one more week to get their second victory, a home win over the St. Louis Cardinals in the 1977 season finale; the Cardinals fired their coach, Don Coryell, shortly afterward. The team continued to improve in 1978, although injuries to several key players kept the team from achieving the winning record promised by McKay.
Luise Adelaide Lavinia Schopenhauer, known as Adele Schopenhauer, was a German author. She was the sister of the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer and daughter of author Johanna Schopenhauer. Henriette Sommer and Adrian van der Venne were pseudonyms used by her. Adele Schopenhauer was born in Hamburg to Heinrich Floris Schopenhauer, a businessman, his wife Johanna, she grew up in Weimar under the influence of a circle of artists and scholars who gathered in the literary salon run by her mother, but she received no formal education. She was gifted and engaged in literature and poetry, she not only wrote fairy tales and novels, but was a talented papercut artist. Both her papercuts and her literary contributions have been recognized and appreciated in the English-speaking world. Much like her father and brother she was described as physically unattractive and to a somewhat lesser degree prone to psychosis, she was more sociable and likable but her love interests were unrequited and she never married.
In May 1819, the Danzig banking house Muhl collapsed. Johanna and Adele Schopenhauer had deposited all the money they had inherited upon Heinrich Schopenhauer's death in 1805 in that bank, thus lost a large part of their assets when the bank collapsed. Arthur Schopenhauer had wisely left only one-third of his assets in Muhl and was not willing to engage in a settlement with Muhl; this incident led to a further deterioration of the relationship between the two women and Arthur, because they sent him letters, in vain, asking him to approve the settlement. The further development of the lawsuit proved Arthur right. Mother and daughter lost most of their wealth. Arthur, however and refused to cash in his promissory notes. Muhl, considered a shrewd tactician, tried till the end to get Arthur to agree to a settlement with the generous offer of a 70% asset return plus a flock of sheep, but when Muhl recovered financially and again became solvent, Arthur was able to get his entire money back some years later.
A close friend of Goethe's daughter-in-law Ottilie, Adele Schopenhauer visited Goethe's house in Weimar. She was known to have called Goethe "father", he praised her abilities; this loss of wealth was not without drastic consequences. Although Johanna could make some earnings through her writing career and Adele retained some residual assets because she was protected in part by her immaturity, the lifestyle of the Schopenhauer women in the 1820s was different from that of earlier years; this is apparent from a letter Adele wrote 17 years after the loss, in which she speaks of "false prosperity". Due to the change of circumstances in Weimar and their unfavorable financial situation, the standing of the Schopenhauers in Weimar dropped. Adele was able, in 1828, to persuade her mother Johanna to move to Bonn, they could not afford to live year-round in Bonn, so they temporarily moved to Unkel, a cheaper city. In Bonn, Adele was a close friend of Annette von Droste-Hülshoff and of Sibylle Mertens-Schaaffhausen.
After her mother's death in 1838, Schopenhauer travelled a lot to Italy, until she returned to Bonn ill, where she died in 1849 and was buried on Goethe's 100th birthday. Her friend Sibylle Mertens-Schaaffhausen made a touching epitaph in Italian. Four days after Schopenhauer's funeral, Mertens-Schaaffhausen held a private memorial service, following a pattern from classical antiquity, in her garden on Wilhelmstraße. Adele Schopenhauer's grave is located in the old cemetery in Bonn. Anna. Ein Roman aus der nächsten Vergangenheit. Parts 1–2. Leipzig: Brockhaus, 1845. Eine dänische Geschichte, Braunschweig: Westermann, 1848. Gedichte und Scherenschnitte. 2 volumes. Edited by H. H. Houben and Hans Wahl. Leipzig: Klinkhardt, 1920. Volume 1: Poetry Volume 2: Papercuts Haus-, Wald- und Feenmärchen. Leipzig: Brockhaus, 1844. Tagebuch einer Einsamen. Edited, with an introduction, by H. H. Houben. With silhouettes of the author and an appendix by Rahel E. Feilchenfeldt-Steiner. Florenz. Ein Reiseführer mit Anekdoten und Erzählungen.
Edited by Waltraud Maierhofer. Weimar: VDG, 2007. Vom-Niederrhein. Edited by Ulrich Bornemann. Calendar for the Kleverland for the year 2009. Kleve 2008, pages 99–117. ISBN 978-3-89413-009-1 Franz Brümmer, "Schopenhauer, Adele", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 32, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 332–333 Domietta Seeliger, "Schopenhauer, Adele", Neue Deutsche Biographie, 23, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 473–474. Alles Leben ist Traum. Adele Schopenhauer. Eine Biographie. Berlin. ISBN 3-7466-1797-9. Seeliger, Domietta. Adele Schopenhauer. Nicht nur die Schwester des Philosophen. Analyse des Erzählwerks von Adele Schopenhauer und der dramatischen Dichtung "Erlinde" von Wolfgang Maximilian von Goethe und Adele Schopenhauer. Frankfurt on Main: Lang. ISBN 3-631-53227-X. Hein, Karsten. Ottilie von Goethe. Biographie und literarische Beziehungen der Schwiegertochter Goethes [Ottilie von Goethe: Biography and literary relationships of Goethe's