Émile Boeswillwald

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Émile Boeswillwald
Émile Boeswillwald, peinture par Léon Bonnat.jpg
1890 painting of Boeswillwald by Léon Bonnat
Born (1815-02-02)2 February 1815
Died 20 March 1896(1896-03-20) (aged 81)
Paris, France
Nationality French
Occupation Architect
Known for Inspector General of Historic Monuments

Émile Boeswillwald (2 February 1815 - 20 March 1896) was a French architect. He succeeded Prosper Mérimée as Inspector General of Historic Monuments and collaborated with Eugène Viollet-le-Duc.


Emile Boeswillwald born in Strasbourg on 2 February 1815. He learned the trade of stonemason, continuing his apprenticeship in Munich in 1836. He then studied architecture in the workshop of Henri Labrouste and at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1837.[1]

Boeswillwald exhibited at the Salons of 1839, 1841, 1842, 1844 and 1855. In 1860 he was appointed inspector general of historical monuments. He thus became a member of the Committee on historical monuments and the Council of Civil Buildings.[1] In 1864 land was purchased beside the Villa Eugénie in Biarritz on which to erect a chapel designed by Boeswillwald.[2] The chapel, dedicated to Our Lady of Guadeloupe, was consecrated in September 1865. It incorporated an eclectic mix of Roman and Byzantine art with Hispano-Moorish elements from Seville and Granada. It was painted by Alexandre-Dominique Denuelle and Louis Steinheil.[3]

Boeswillwald produced a series of watercolor drawings of the soldiers of the First Empire in the years 1890-1891. The painter Léon Bonnat represented his friend in 1890. Emile Boeswillwald died in Paris on 20 March 1896.[1] His son, Paul Boeswillwald, was also an architect. His grandson Émile Artus Boeswillwald was a painter.


Interior of the Laon Cathedral


  • Second-class medal at the Salon in 1849
  • Knight of the Legion of Honor in 1853
  • Officer of the Legion of Honor in 1865
  • Commander of the Legion of Honor in 1889