Jan Cornelisz Vermeyen
Jan Cornelisz Vermeyen, or Jan Mayo, or Barbalonga was a Dutch Northern Renaissance painter. Based on his will, rediscovered in 1998, Vermeyen was born in Beverwijk in 1504. According to Karel van Mander he was honored for his career in the service of Charles V, he was a friend of Jan van Scorel and his portrait was engraved by Jan Wierix for Dominicus Lampsonius. Vermeyen was a painter and tapestry designer a pupil of Jan Gossaert. About 1525 he became court painter to Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands, aunt of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at Mechelen. Between 1530 and 1535 he was active in Innsbruck. In 1535 he accompanied the Emperor Charles V, the nephew of the Archduchess, at the Conquest of Tunis, he worked in Spain in 1536. He "designed a set of twelve tapestries commemorating scenes from the campaign that would travel with Charles wherever he went, to bear witness to this triumph." The still existing painting of the Hafsid King of Tunis Moulay Hassan, whom Charles re-instated on his throne after ridding the city of the pirate Hayreddin Barbarossa, was painted by Vermeyen while there.
This journey supplied him with scenes for works, including tapestries designed in 1545/48 for Charles V's sister Regent of Hungary, Mary of Hungary. He died in Brussels. Many portraits are ascribed to him on little evidence, according to modern scholars, he was followed by Jan van Hemessen. Jan Cornelisz. Vermeyen on Artnet http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/vermeyen_jan.html Horn, Hendrick. J. Jan Cornelisz Vermeyen, painter of Charles V and his conquest of Tunis, Etchings, Drawings and Tapestries, 2 vols. Doornspijk.504 pp. + 340 ills. in b/w and 32 in col. 4to, orig. cloth/d-jacket. Http://www.arcadja.com/auctions/en/vermeyen_jan_cornelisz_/artist/49833/ Ortiz, A.. Resplendence of the Spanish monarchy: Renaissance tapestries and armor from the Patrimonio Nacional. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Media related to Jan Cornelisz. Vermeyen at Wikimedia Commons
Roman Catholic Diocese of Chartres
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Chartres is a Roman Catholic Latin Rite diocese in France. The diocese is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Tours. Chartres has been a site of Christian pilgrimage since the Middle Ages; the poet Charles Péguy revived the pilgrimage route between Paris and Chartres before the First World War. After the war, some students carried on the pilgrimage in his memory. Since the 1980s, the association Notre-Dame de Chrétienté, with offices in Versailles, has organized the annual 100-km pilgrimage on foot from the cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris to the cathedral of Notre-Dame de Chartres. About 15,000 pilgrims young families from all over France, participate every year. Catholic Church in France Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo. Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz. Eubel, Conradus. Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1. Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list Eubel, Conradus.
Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2. Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list Eubel, Conradus. Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3. Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list Gauchat, Patritius. Hierarchia catholica IV. Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 2016-07-06. Ritzler, Remigius. Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V. Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. Ritzler, Remigius. Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI. Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. Ritzler, Remigius. Hierarchia Catholica medii et recentioris aevi sive summorum pontificum, S. R. E. cardinalium, ecclesiarum antistitum series... A pontificatu Pii PP. VII usque ad pontificatum Gregorii PP. XVI. Volume VII. Monasterii: Libr. Regensburgiana. Remigius Ritzler. Hierarchia catholica Medii et recentioris aevi... A Pontificatu PII PP. IX usque ad Pontificatum Leonis PP. XIII. Volume VIII. Il Messaggero di S. Antonio. Pięta, Zenon. Hierarchia catholica medii et recentioris aevi...
A pontificatu Pii PP. X usque ad pontificatum Benedictii PP. XV. Volume IX. Padua: Messagero di San Antonio. ISBN 978-88-250-1000-8. Du Tems, Hugues. Le clergé de France, ou tableau historique et chronologique des archevêques, évêques, abbés, abbesses et chefs des chapitres principaux du royaume, depuis la fondation des églises jusqu'à nos jours. Tome premier. Paris: Delalain. Jean, Armand. Les évêques et les archevêques de France depuis 1682 jusqu'à 1801. Paris: A. Picard. Fisquet, Honoré Jean P.. La France pontificale... Chartres. Paris: E. Repos. Société bibliographique. L'épiscopat français depuis le Concordat jusqu'à la Séparation. Paris: Librairie des Saints-Pères. Pp. 346–350
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Prince-Bishopric of Liège
The Prince-Bishopric of Liège or Principality of Liège was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, situated for the most part in present Belgium, ruled by the Bishop of Liège. As a prince, the Bishop had seat and voice at the Imperial Diet; the Prince-Bishopric of Liège should not be confused with the Bishop's diocese of Liège, larger. The bishops of Liège acquired their status as a Prince-bishop between 980 and 985 when Bishop Notger, the bishop of Liege since 972, received secular control of the County of Huy from Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor; the Prince-Bishopric belonged from 1500 on to the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle. Its territory included most of the present Belgian provinces of Liège and Limburg, some exclaves in other parts of Belgium and the Netherlands, it became a republic from 1789 to 1791, before reverting to a Prince-Bishopric in 1791. The role of the Bishop as prince permanently ended when the state was annexed by France in 1795. In 1815 the territories it had held became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, in 1830 they were within the part of that kingdom which split off to become Belgium.
The principality ruled by the bishops of Liège was never part of the Seventeen Provinces or the Spanish and Austrian Southern Netherlands, but from the 16th century onwards its politics were influenced by the dukes of Burgundy and the Habsburgs. In 1559 its 1,636 parishes were grouped into eight archdeaconries, twenty-eight councils, chrétientés; the most important cities of the bishopric were: Liège, Bilzen, Bree, Châtelet, Couvin, Fosses-la-Ville, Hasselt, Herk-de-Stad, Maaseik, Sint-Truiden, Thuin, Verviers, Visé and Waremme. The city of Maastricht fell under the joint jurisdiction of the Prince-Bishop of Liège and the Duke of Brabant; the second city of the prince-bishopric thus kept its status aparte throughout the ancien régime. The large diocese of the medieval bishops was, until 1559, much larger than the princedom, in their possession. However, the princely domain was enlarged by donations and by acquisitions. In the 10th century, the bishops received secular power over the county of Huy, which lay within of the diocese.
Bishop Notger thus became a sovereign prince. This status was retained by his successors until the French Revolution, throughout that period of nearly eight centuries the Prince-Bishopric of Liège succeeded in maintaining a level of autonomy, though theoretically it was part of the Holy Roman Empire; this virtual independence was owed to the ability of its bishops, who on several occasions played an important part in international politics, being strategically positioned between France and Germany. Throughout the Middle Ages, the prince-bishopric was further expanded with the lordship of Bouillon in 1096, the acquisition of the county of Loon in 1366 and the county of Horne in 1568. Notger, the founder of the principality rebuilt the cathedral of St Lambert, as well as the episcopal palace, he was involved in other building activities in the city, which flourished under his rule. This bishop strengthened the parochial organization of the city, he was one of the first church leaders to spread the observance of All Souls' Day, which he authorized for his diocese.
Under Notger's administration, following up on the work of Heraclius, educational institutions in Liège flourished. With these two bishops "The schools of Liège were, in fact, at that time one of the brightest literary foci of the period". In the 11th century the city was indeed known as the Athens of the North. "Liège for more than a century occupied among the nations a position in regard to science which it has never recovered". Subsequent bishops, Balderic of Looz, Durandus, Nitard, the learned Wazo, Theoduin, valiantly sustained the heritage of Notger; the schools formed many brilliant scholars, gave the Catholic Church popes Stephen IX and Nicholas II. The diocese supplied the University of Paris with a number of important doctors — William of Saint-Thierry, Gerard of Liège and Godfrey of Fontaines. Alger of Liège was an important intellectual of the period, he was first appointed deacon of church of St Bartholomew and retired at the monastery of Cluny. In the reign of Henry of Verdun a tribunal was instituted to prevent war and enforce the Peace of God.
Otbert increased the territory of the principality by purchasing the Lordship of Bouillon. He remained faithful to emperor Henry IV. Henry of Namur was venerated as a martyr. During the administration of Alexander of Juliers the pope, the emperor and St Bernard visited Liège; the episcopate of Raoul of Zachringen was marked by the preaching of the reformer Lambert le Bègue, credited with founding the béguines. Albert of Louvain was elected Bishop of Liège in 1191, but Emperor Henry VI, on the pretext that the election was doubtful, gave the see to Lothair of Hochstadt. Albero's election was confirmed by the pope but in 1192, shortly after he took office, he was assassinated by three German knights at Reims, it is probable that the emperor was privy to this murder but Albero was canonized. In 1195, Albert de Cuyck formally recognized the political franchise of the people of Liège. During the 12th century, the cathedral chapter, along with the bishop, assum
Jametz is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. Those who live in this small commune placed to the North-East of France, near to the border with Belgium, devote themselves principally to the upbringing of cattle, manufacture of cheeses, the crafts of wood and leather from the 15th century. Former, many of his inhabitants with the intention of making the people and products recognizable, chose to take as surname the name of this small locality, that proudly keeps his customs and local traditions alive. Communes of the Meuse department
Alonso de Aragón
Alonso de Aragón or Alfonso de Aragón was Archbishop of Zaragoza, Archbishop of Valencia and Lieutenant General of Aragon. Born in Cervera, he was an illegitimate son of Ferdinand II of Aragon by a Catalan noblewoman called Aldonza Ruiz de Ivorra. In his youth his tutor was brother of the humanist scholar Alessandro Geraldini. Alonso was more a politician than a clergyman, his ecclesiastical career was determined by his father. Ferdinand II decided that Alonso would succeed him, but Pope Sixtus IV thought that he was too young and appointed Ausías de Puggio. By 1478, the Pope couldn't withstand the pressure any more and appointed Alonso as new Archbishop on 14 August. However, he was not ordained as a priest until 7 November 1501, a day before being ordained as a bishop. On 23 January 1512, Alonso was appointed Archbishop of Valencia, he was enthroned as such on 4 April 1512. His father made him Lieutenant General of the Kingdom of Naples in 1507, to replace Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba. In 1512, he was in command of the troops that conquered Tudela in the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre.
When his father died in 1516, the Archbishop was appointed by his will as Lieutenant General of Aragon and de facto ruler of Aragon, due to the insanity of his half-sister, Queen Joanna, who inherited the crown. When Joanna's son and co-ruler, Charles I, arrived in November 1518, the Archbishop was confirmed as Lieutenant General of Aragon, he died two years in Lécera. Aragón realised important modifications on the La Seo Cathedral, where he was buried. Despite being Archbishop, Alonso had seven children with Ana de Gurrea, including: Juan, next Archbishop of Zaragoza Hernando Archbishop of Zaragoza and Viceroy of Aragón Antonio, Lord of Quinto Juana, married to Juan de Borja, 3rd Duke of Gandía and mother of Saint Francis Borgia Martin, Lord of Argavieso Ana, married the 5th and the 6th Duke of Medina Sidonia ancestry.com: Alonso of ARAGON Fundación Casa Ducal de Medinaceli: Alonso de Aragón "Gran Bastardo de Aragón" rodovid.org: Alonso de Aragón y Ruiz de Ivorra n. 1470 d. 24 febrero 1520 Aldonza de Ivorra - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre PhiloBiblon: Alfonso de Aragón y Ruiz de Ivorra Archbishop Alfonso de Aragón
Système universitaire de documentation
The système universitaire de documentation or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers, it is maintained by the Bibliographic Agency for Higher Education. Official website