Île-Bigras station is a commuter rail station operated by the Réseau de transport métropolitain in Laval, Canada. It is served by the Deux-Montagnes line. There are no Société de transport de Laval bus routes on Île Bigras so most people wanting to use public transit on this small island take the Deux-Montagnes Line to commute to Central Station or other stations on Montreal Island or walk across the bridge to connect with the nearby bus routes on chemin du Bord-de-l'Eau if they wish to travel within Laval. List of crossings of the Rivière des Prairies Île-Bigras Commuter Train Station Information Île-Bigras Commuter Train Station Schedule
Auteuil is a district of Laval in Quebec, Canada. It is delimited in the north-west by the Rivière des Mille-Îles, north-east by Saint-François, south-east by Duvernay, south by Vimont and south-west by Sainte-Rose. Auteuil corresponds to the former territory of Sainte-Rose-Est Parish. At its creation in 1740 the parish of Sainte-Rose-de-Lima covered the entire north-west of the Île Jésus, its first church was located on the eastern boundary of the old city of Auteuil, on the banks of the Mille Îles River near Rue Descartes and Rue Debien. The church was destroyed by fire and, because of a controversy over its location between Monseigneur Briand and the parishioners worship was interrupted. Rebuilt in 1788, it was relocated 6.7 km south-west of the old site. On 1 January 1858, the village of Sainte-Rose corporation detached itself and formed a separate municipality. In 1914 there was a second separation: the eastern and western parts of Sainte-Rose, which led to the creation of the Municipality of Sainte-Rose-de-Lima for the eastern part, known as Saint-Rose-Est and Bas Sainte-Rose.
As a rural municipality, Sainte-Rose-Est experienced significant population growth until 1953. At that time the beaches on the Mille Îles River located in Sainte-Rose-Est attracted visitors from Île Jésus and Montreal; the Provincial Transport bus company organized tours bringing tourists to the Jean-Talon Terminus near the market of the same name at the Idéale Beach, by far the most popular. There were however two other beaches near it: Jacques-Cartier beaches; the population in 1953 was less than 1,000. Growth in population of Sainte-Rose-Est occurred between 1953 and 1960 when it had 4,000 families during the summer season when the normal population was only 2,000 families. In 1961 Sainte-Rose-Est was renamed Auteuil and, in the same year, the parish of Sainte-Beatrice was founded, it was a separate city until the municipal mergers on 6 August 1965. This district is the eastern extension of the residential centres west of Sainte-Rose, east of Saint Francis, east of Duvernay, south of Vimont.
Most of the land is agricultural. Commission scolaire de Laval operates French-language public schools; the Auteuil Francophone primary schools are: Alfred-Pellan Sainte-Béatrice Charles-BruneauFrancophone secondary schools in the area are: Odyssée des Jeunes for 1st and 2nd Secondary École secondaire Horizon Jeunesse for Secondary 3-5The old Ulric-Debien school was located on the Place Jean-Coutu in the northern part of Auteuil. Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board operates English-language public schools. Elementary schools serving sections of Auteuil: Terry Fox Elementary SchoolThe school's previous campus was in Vimont. On September 20, 1993 the current campus in Auteuil opened. By 2013 the campus was at 113% capacity. All sections of Laval are zoned to Laval Junior Academy and Laval Senior Academy Auteuil is served by the Société de transport de Laval and several routes have their terminus at Auteuil such as routes 17, 31, 39, 41, 43. Other routes cross the district to get to other parts of Laval such as route 27 which goes to Vimont, route 73 which goes to Chomedey, route 74 which goes to St. François.
A rank for shared taxis with a capacity for 10 vehicles is on Boulevard des Laurentides to serve the agricultural areas of Auteuil along the Avenue des Perron. The Sainte-Rose railway station is located on the edge of the Sainte-Rose district at the top of Boulevard Sainte-Rose-Est; the Boulevard des Laurentides is the main road through Auteuil and one of the most important in the municipality. It crosses the area from north to south and is bordered by a variety of shops until the crossroads with Boulevard Sainte-Rose Est where it becomes a residential access road; the Boulevard Sainte-Rose-Est with Avenue des Perron forms the main east-west axis of the district. It connects the district of Sainte-Rose to the Boulevard des Laurentides at the point where it changes its name, it is surrounded by rather old residential houses to the intersection of Des Laurentides where the Horizon Youth High School and the Mike Bossy arena are. The Avenue des Perron forms the same axis as the Boulevard Sainte-Rose-Est but to the east of the Boulevard des Laurentides.
After going through a residential area the avenue crosses the agricultural area of Auteuil where several local producers are established. The Boulevard des Mille-Îles is a road that follows the Mille-Îles river where there are several timbered houses blended in with the landscape. In the south it is bordered by the permanent agricultural zone; the Avenue des Terrasses is a northern route that connects the Sainte-Rose district to the Boulevard des Laurentides. It is bordered by single family homes in different places; the Avenue de Lacasse connects the Boulevard des Laurentides to the district to the south of Auteuil. Predominantly a residential axis, there is a second isolated part east of Avenue Papineau where some houses have been built in an agricultural zone; the Avenue Papineau is a newer route, numbered R-335 by the Ministry of Transport of Québec. This avenue is a partial extension of Highway 19 which ends at Boulevard Dagenais; this road may become Highway 19 until the Athanase-David bridge over the Mille-Îles river if the project materializes.
City of Laval, official website Auteuil on Google Maps
Island of Montreal
The Island of Montreal, in southwestern Quebec, Canada, is at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa rivers. It is separated from Île Jésus by the Rivière des Prairies, it is the largest island in the Hochelaga Archipelago, the second largest in the Saint Lawrence River. The St. Lawrence widens into Lake Saint-Louis south-west of the island, narrows into the Lachine Rapids widens again into the Bassin de La Prairie before becoming the St. Lawrence again and flowing toward Quebec City. Saint Helen's Island and Notre Dame Island are in the Saint Lawrence southeast of downtown Montreal; the Ottawa becomes Lac des Deux-Montagnes north-west of the island. The Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal, between the western tip of the island and Île Perrot, connects Lac des Deux-Montagnes and Lake Saint-Louis. Another outlet of Lac des Deux-Montagnes, the Rivière des Prairies, flows along the north shore of the island and into the St. Lawrence at the northeastern tip of the island. Man has altered the topography of the island as evidenced by historical maps that name a lake St Pierre in the island.
The island is 50 km long and 16 km wide at its widest point. The area of the Urban agglomeration of Montreal, which includes the Island of Montreal and several other smaller islands, is 499 km²; the island of Montreal has a shoreline of 266 km. At its centre are the three peaks of Mount Royal; the southwest of the island is separated by the Lachine Canal between Lachine and Montreal's Old Port. The island of Montreal is the major component of the territory of the city of Montreal, along with Île Bizard, Saint Helen's Island, Notre Dame Island, Nuns' Island, some 69 smaller islands. With a population of 2,014,221 inhabitants, it is by far the most populous island in Canada, it is the 6th most populous island of the Americas and the 37th most populated island on Earth, outranking Manhattan Island in New York City. In addition, it is the most populous island surrounded by freshwater on Earth. Montréal and the other municipalities on the island compose the administrative region of Montréal; the crossings which connect the island to its surroundings are some of the busiest bridges in the country and the world.
The Champlain Bridge and the Jacques Cartier Bridge together accommodate 101 million vehicle crossings a year. The first French name for the island was l'ille de Vilmenon, noted by Samuel de Champlain in a 1616 map, derived from the sieur de Vilmenon, a patron of the founders of Quebec at the court of Louis XIII. However, by 1632 Champlain referred to the Isle de Mont-real in another map; the island derived its name from Mount Royal, spread its name to the town, called Ville-Marie. In the Kanien' kéha, the island is called Tiohtià: Ka-wé-no-te. In Anishninaabemowin, the land is called Mooniyaang. List of rivers and water bodies of Montreal Island Flags and Coats of Arms Municipalities of Montreal Island - City of Montreal
Île Bizard is an island near the Island of Montreal in the Hochelaga Archipelago region. Named Île Bonaventure, by 1723 it had come to be named Île Bizard, after Jacques Bizard, to whom it was conceded as a fief in 1678, part of the Seigneurial system of New France; the island was used by the settlers of New France, as a way to get timber into Montreal from the river using Timber rafting. It was a separate municipality named Ville de L'Île-Bizard, but was forcefully merged with of the city of Montreal, made into the borough of L'Île-Bizard–Sainte-Geneviève; the numbers to demerge on June 20, 2004 were: Registered to vote 10,068. Yes 3,391. No 1,947. Yes and No votes combined 5,365; the Jacques Bizard Bridge connects it across the Rivière des Prairies with Sainte-Geneviève on the Island of Montreal. The seasonal Laval-sur-le-Lac Île-Bizard Ferry provides a connection to Laval-sur-le-Lac on Île Jésus; this ferry does not operate in the winter. Bois-de-l'Île-Bizard Nature Park is a 201-hectare park which contains marsh lands and several kilometres of nature trails, accessible year round.
There is a small beach at Pointe-aux-Carrières that faces the Lac des Deux-Montagnes. The Royal Montreal Golf Club, the Golf Saint-Raphael and Elm Ridge Country Club are located on the island. Land has been reserved on the island for the future extension of Autoroute 440 from Laval to connect with Autoroute 40 at Chemin Ste-Marie; this will avoid having to drive on the Autoroute 40 to get to Autoroute 13 and Autoroute 15 and provide another beltway around the city in addition to Autoroute 30 on the South Shore. Many people who live on the island are against it, as Île Bizard is a calm and serene country environment and they feel like it would cause more traffic and pollution to the fresh air. However, the City of Montreal has purchased considerable amounts of land and protects them as natural parks, which include swamps, beaches and other ecosystems; the island has two notable sports complexes:'Parc Eugène-Dostie' and'Complexe Sportif Saint-Raphaël'. The PGA Golf Tour comes to l'île Bizard's Royal Montreal golf course every few years.
It is notable that Vincent Lecavalier, a former NHL player was born on the island in 1980. Former NHL player Guy Lafleur is a resident of the island. List of bridges spanning the Rivière des Prairies List of crossings of the Rivière des Prairies Official page on the Ville de Montréal website
Deux-Montagnes is a commuter railway line in Greater Montreal, Canada. It is owned by Exo, the umbrella organization that integrates and coordinates public transport services across this region; the line was created in 1918 as a Canadian Northern Railway service. Canadian National Railway ran the line starting in 1923 following the merger of CNoR into CN. CN transferred the Deux-Montagnes Line to the Société de transport de la communauté urbaine de Montréal on July 1, 1982; the line was refurbished from 1992 to 1995. It was transferred to the RTM's predecessor agency, the Agence Métropolitaine de transport on January 1, 1996; the RTM assumed current operation of the line upon its establishment on June 1, 2017. There are 25 inbound and 24 outbound departures each weekday; this line links Central Station in downtown Montreal with Deux-Montagnes to the northwest of the Island of Montreal. The line offers frequent service during rush hours and hourly service outside rush hours on weekdays. Since April 27, 2018, weekend service on the line had been shut down.
Prior, there was hourly service on weekends. The trains are operated by Bombardier Transportation. Deux-Montagnes, Roxboro-Pierrefonds, Central Station are wheelchair-accessible. Today, more than 31,000 people ride this train daily, having as many passengers as Montreal's four other commuter railway lines combined. On April 22, 2016, it was announced that the Deux-Montagnes line would be converted from commuter rail to automated electric rapid transit in 2020, as part of the Réseau express métropolitain network; the Deux-Montagnes line was built by the Canadian Northern Railway. While other railways including Canadian Pacific and Grand Trunk Railway had prime downtown locations for their terminal stations, Canadian Northern did not, having only a station out of the way on Moreau Street in Hochelaga. In 1910, it was decided that the best way for Canadian Northern to get downtown was to drill their way downtown — through Mont Royal; the construction met halfway through with only an inch difference.
In 1918 the electrified, double-track 3.2 mi tunnel was dubbed Montreal's first subway. Because the tunnel is on a steep grade and inadequately ventilated it was decided from the beginning that the locomotives would be electric; the ventilation shaft is located SW of the intersection of Édouard-Montpetit Boulevard and Vincent-d'Indy Avenue close to the Édouard-Montpetit Metro Station. The structure gauge of the Mount Royal Tunnel limits the height of bilevel cars to 14 ft 6 in or 4.42 m. In order to finance the project, Canadian Northern built a ‘model city’ north of the tunnel, modeled after Washington, D. C; the Town of Mount-Royal has grown to be an upper-income neighbourhood today. Construction began in 1912 and finished in 1918; the first train was pulled by electric locomotive #601, which left Tunnel Terminal at 8:30 a.m. on October 21, 1918. The Canadian Northern Railway was absorbed into what is now Canadian National. Tunnel Terminal was replaced by Central Station in 1943. CN added electric multiple units from Canadian Car and Foundry in 1952.
In the 1960s, the first plans were announced to renovate the line, whose equipment was 40 years old at the time. First, it was to become metro line 3, but plans were shelved because of the importance to build line 4 for service to Expo 67. With the equipment ageing, ridership declining, CN wanted to close the line in the 1970s, but their proposals were rejected; the Quebec Ministry of Transport considered using the line for a high-speed connection to Mirabel Airport or as the first line of a BART-style regional metro system. None of these projects progressed beyond the planning stage. In 1982, management of commuter trains was transferred to the publicly owned Montreal Urban Community Transit Commission; the STCUM set schedules, while the Canadian National retained ownership of the equipment. CN continued to provide the tracks, storage and train crews needed to keep the line running. For Montreal commuters, the transfer of ownership was positive because the trains were integrated into the bus and metro system.
In 1992, the government of Quebec announced a modernisation plan for the line which would include electrifying the entire line at 25 kV AC, 58 state-of-the-art MR-90 electric multiple unit trains built by Bombardier Transportation, new tracks, centralised traffic control. Service was shut down in the summers of 1993, 1994 and 1995 to allow for major work to be done; the last of the old rolling stock left Central Station at 6:30 p.m. on June 2, 1995 – 76 years, 8 months, 11 days, ten hours after it first went into service. The same locomotive, #6711, hauled the last train through the tunnel; the line was transferred to the former Agence métropolitaine de transport on January 1, 1996. On June 1, 2017, the AMT was dissolved and replaced by two new governing bodies, the Autorité régionale de transport métropolitain and the Réseau de transport métropolitain; the RTM took including this line. In May 2018, the RTM formally re-branded itself as EXO; the Deux-Montagnes line became Exo 6, the blue line colour was updated to a light peach colour.
To ease overcrowding and attract new users on the Deux-Montagnes Line, the ARTM plans to carry out s
Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay. S. states of Maine, New Hampshire and New York. It shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by its second-largest administrative division, it is and politically considered to be part of Central Canada. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario, it is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, Gaspé regions.
The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited by Aboriginal peoples. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. In central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace and communication technologies and the pharmaceutical industry play leading roles.
These many industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become an economically influential province within Canada, second only to Ontario in economic output. The name "Québec", which comes from the Algonquin word kébec meaning "where the river narrows" referred to the area around Quebec City where the Saint Lawrence River narrows to a cliff-lined gap. Early variations in the spelling of the name included Kébec. French explorer Samuel de Champlain chose the name Québec in 1608 for the colonial outpost he would use as the administrative seat for the French colony of New France; the province is sometimes referred to as "La belle province". The Province of Quebec was founded in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 after the Treaty of Paris formally transferred the French colony of Canada to Britain after the Seven Years' War; the proclamation restricted the province to an area along the banks of the Saint Lawrence River. The Quebec Act of 1774 expanded the territory of the province to include the Great Lakes and the Ohio River Valley and south of Rupert's Land, more or less restoring the borders existing under French rule before the Conquest of 1760.
The Treaty of Paris ceded territories south of the Great Lakes to the United States. After the Constitutional Act of 1791, the territory was divided between Lower Canada and Upper Canada, with each being granted an elected legislative assembly. In 1840, these become Canada East and Canada West after the British Parliament unified Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada; this territory was redivided into the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario at Confederation in 1867. Each became one of the first four provinces. In 1870, Canada purchased Rupert's Land from the Hudson's Bay Company and over the next few decades the Parliament of Canada transferred to Quebec portions of this territory that would more than triple the size of the province. In 1898, the Canadian Parliament passed the first Quebec Boundary Extension Act that expanded the provincial boundaries northward to include the lands of the local aboriginal peoples; this was followed by the addition of the District of Ungava through the Quebec Boundaries Extension Act of 1912 that added the northernmost lands of the Inuit to create the modern Province of Quebec.
In 1927, the border between Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador was established by the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Quebec disputes this boundary. Located in the eastern part of Canada, part of Central Canada, Quebec occupies a territory nearly three times the size of France or Texas, most of, sparsely populated, its topography is different from one region to another due to the varying composition of the ground, the climate, the proximity to water. The Saint Lawrence Lowland and the Appalachians are the two main topographic regions in southern Quebec, while the Canadian Shield occupies most of central and northern Quebec. Quebec has one of the world's largest reserves of fresh water, occupying 12% of its surface, it has 3 % of the world's renewable fresh water. Mor
Rivière des Mille Îles
The Mille Îles River is a channel of the Ottawa River in southwestern Quebec and runs into the Rivière des Prairies. It is 42 kilometres long, it divides Île Jésus from the North Shore, the northern mainland suburbs of Montreal The river rises at the narrowing of the Lake of Two Mountains, the area where the Ottawa River widens as it feeds into the St Lawrence at Montreal, flows west to east. It joins the Rivière des Prairies at the eastern tip of Île Jésus, which shortly thereafter joins the St. Lawrence at the eastern tip of the Island of Montreal; as its name suggests, the river contains many small islands which are part of the Hochelaga Archipelago. It is not to be confused with the Thousand Islands at the head of the St. Lawrence River, in Ontario and New York State. List of crossings of the Rivière des Mille Îles List of Quebec rivers