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Łewond (Armenian: Ղևոնդ, Ghevond or Ğevond) or Leontius was a late 8th-century Armenian priest and historian.

Very little is known about his life, except that he was an eyewitness to the events he describes after 774,[1] his historical work was commissioned by Sapuh, son of Smbat VII Bagratuni, the presiding prince of Armenia in 761–775, and covers the years 632 to 789.[1] It is an indispensable source for the early history of Arab rule over Armenia; indeed for the years 662–770 his account is the only testimony of note,[2] it also contains important information on the Arab–Byzantine wars of the period.[1] The work includes a letter supposedly sent by the Byzantine emperor Leo III the Isaurian (r. 717–741) to the Umayyad caliph Umar II (r. 717–720) that contains a defence of the Christian faith, but this version is a later Armenian composition.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d ODB, "Łewond" (R. Thomson), p. 1220.
  2. ^ Canard & Cahen 1960, p. 635.


  • Canard, Marius; Cahen, Claude (1960). "Armīniya". In Gibb, H. A. R.; Kramers, J. H.; Lévi-Provençal, E.; Schacht, J.; Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume I: A–B. Leiden: E. J. Brill. pp. 634–640.
  • Kazhdan, Alexander, ed. (1991). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.