‘Aziziya District

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Map of Libya showing 'Aziziya pre-2001 extent in bright green

‘Aziziya or El Azizia (Arabic: العزيزيه Al ʿAzīzīyah) was one of the districts of Libya (baladiyah), located in the northwest of the country, south of Tripoli District. The town of ‘Aziziya was the former district's capital, and it covered an area of 1,940 square kilometers. In 2001 ‘Aziziya became part of the Jafara District.[1]


On 13 September 1922, a temperature of 58 °C (136.4 °F)[2] was recorded in the city of ‘Aziziya. This was long believed to be the highest temperature ever to be recorded naturally on Earth.[3][4]

Meteorological parameters began to be recorded in Libya during the Ottoman Empire (1551–1911). Temperature archives for some old meteorological stations are available in the climate directorate at the Libyan National Meteorological Centre (LNMC).


Towns in the former ‘Aziziya District:

  • ‘Aziziya, capital of ‘Aziziya District until 2001
  • Funduq ash Shaybani, 17 km on the trade route south of the city of ‘Aziziya
  • Abu Ghaylan, 13 km on the trade route south of Funduq ash Shaybani
  • An Nasiriyah, 18 km northwest of the city of ‘Aziziya
  • As Sawani, 21 km north of the city of ‘Aziziya, on the road to Tripoli, and former storage site of Libya's modular "Uranium Conversion Facility" and uranium separation centrifuge.[5]
  • Asbi`ah, 14 km east of the city of ‘Aziziya and 15 km south of Tripoli International Airport
  • Sawani Bin Adam, 1 km east of As Sawani


  1. ^ "شعبية الجفارة" ("Districts of Libya: Al Jfara") Website of the General People's Committee of Libya, from Internet Archive dated 18 April 2006
  2. ^ Global Measured Extremes of Temperature and Precipitation. Archived 7 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. National Climatic Data Center, accessed 3 December 2008
  3. ^ "What is the highest temperature recorded on Earth, and what's a reasonable upper limit on the Earth's temperature?" Archived 17 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Goddard Space Flight Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), accessed 7 September 2009
  4. ^ "WMO Press release No. 956". World Meteorological Organization. 13 September 2012. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016. Retrieved 2012-09-14. 
  5. ^ "Sawani" Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), GlopbalSecurity.org

Coordinates: 32°31′48″N 013°00′36″E / 32.53000°N 13.01000°E / 32.53000; 13.01000

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