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-abad is a suffix that forms part of many west, central and south Asian city names originally derived from the Persian language term ābād (آباد), meaning "cultivated place" (village, city, region), and commonly attached to the name of the city's founder or patron.

In India, -abads are the legacies of Persianized Muslim rulers such as the Mughals.

The suffix is most common in Iran, which contains thousands of -abads, most of them small villages. Markazi Province alone contained 44 Hoseynabads, 31 Aliabads, 23 Hajjiabads, 22 Hasanabads, and so on.[1]

Selected number of -abads[edit]

Place Country Named after
Abbottabad  Pakistan James Abbott
Ahmedabad  India Muzaffarid sultan Ahmed Shah
Allahabad  India Allah
Amirabad  Bangladesh Amir
Ashgabat  Turkmenistan Arsaces I
Dzhafarabad  Azerbaijan
Faisalabad  Pakistan King Faisal of Saudi Arabia
Faizabad  India Shia Nawabs of Awadh
Farhadabad  Bangladesh Farad, farda [2]
Faridabad  India Sufi saint Sheikh Farid
Fyzabad  Trinidad and Tobago Faizabad, India
Ghaziabad  India Wazir Ghazi-ud-din
Hosnabad  Bangladesh
Hyderabad  India Ali who was known as Haydar
Hyderabad  Pakistan
Islamabad  Pakistan Islam
Islamabad (present-day Chittagong)  Bangladesh Islam
Jalalabad  Afghanistan Pir Jalala
Jamesabad  Pakistan
Kanchanabad  Bangladesh Villages of Kanchannagar, Muradabad and Elahabad[3]
Khankhanabad  Bangladesh
Jamesabad (present-day Kot Ghulam Muhammad)  Pakistan Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet
Jamesabad (present-day Samaro)  Pakistan
Jalalabad (present-day Sylhet, Jalalabad also exists as a Union Parishad of Sylhet Sadar Upazila)  Bangladesh Shah Jalal
Khalifatabad (present-day Bagerhat, Khulna, Jessore, Satkhira and Barisal)  Bangladesh
Khorramabad  Iran
Kawsarabad  Bangladesh
Nesarabad  Bangladesh Shah Nesaruddin Ahmed[4]
Ordubad  Azerbaijan Turkic ordu, "army"
Stalinabad (present-day Dushanbe)  Tajikistan Joseph Stalin
Sabirabad  Azerbaijan Mirza Alakbar Sabir
Secunderabad  India Nizam Sikandar Jah
Sardarabad (present-day Armavir)  Armenia
Türkmenabat  Turkmenistan Turkmens
Vagharshapat  Armenia Prince Vardges Manouk
Aurangabad  India Aurangzeb

Common -abad names[edit]

Multiple places by the same name:

See also[edit]