List of -otomies

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The suffix '-otomy' is derived from the Greek suffix τόμος, -tómos, "meaning cutting, sharp, or separate".

Medical procedures[edit]

  • Amniotomy - > An incision created to accelerate labor.
  • Androtomy -> Dissection of the human body .
  • Bilateral cingulotomy -> Phsycosurgery, treatment for depression and addiction .
  • Bronchotomy -> A procedure that ensures there is an open airway between a patients lung/s and the outside world.
  • Clitoridotomy -> Plastic surgery that reduces are of the clitorial hood.
  • Coeliotomy -> A large incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity
  • Colpotomy -> Extraction of fluid from the pouch of Douglas (a rectouterine pouch[1] posterior to the vagina) through a needle
  • Cordotomy -> Procedure that disables selected pain-conducting tracts in the spinal cord, in order to achieve loss of pain and temperature perception
  • Craniotomy -> A bone flap is temporarily removed from the skull to access the brain
  • Cricothyrotomy -> An incision made through the skin and cricothyroid membrane to establish a patent airway during certain life-threatening situations
  • Escharotomy -> Procedure used to treat full-thickness (third-degree) circumferential burns
  • Episiotomy -> Surgical incision of the perineum and the posterior vaginal wall
  • Fasciotomy -> Surgical procedure where the fascia is cut to relieve tension or pressure commonly to treat the resulting loss of circulation to an area of tissue or muscle
  • Heller myotomy -> Muscles of the cardia (lower oesophageal sphincter or LOS) are cut, allowing food and liquids to pass to the stomach
  • Hymenotomy -> Surgical removal or opening of the hymen
  • Hysterotomy -> Incision in the uterus, and is performed during a caesarean section
  • Laparotomy -> Large incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity
  • Lithotomy position -> Medical term referring to a common position for surgical procedures and medical examinations involving the pelvis and lower abdomen
  • Lobotomy -> Cutting or scraping away most of the connections to and from the prefrontal cortex, the anterior part of the frontal lobes of the brain.
  • Meatotomy -> Form of penile modification in which the underside of the glans is split
  • Mini asymmetric radial keratotomy -> Procedure used to treat keratoconus and correct astigmatism
  • Myotomy -> Procedure in which muscle is cut.
  • Osteotomy -> A bone is cut to shorten or lengthen it or to change its alignment
  • Phlebotomy -> An incision in a vein with a needle
  • Pulpotomy -> Removal of a portion of the pulp, including the diseased aspect
  • Radial keratotomy -> a refractive surgical procedure to correct myopia
  • Sphincterotomy -> Treating mucosal fissures from the anal canal/sphincter
  • Thoracotomy -> Incision into the pleural space of the chest
  • Thyrotomy -> Incision of the larynx through the thyroid cartilage
  • Tracheotomy -> An incision on the anterior aspect of the neck and opening a direct airway through an incision in the trachea (windpipe)
  • Trans-orbital lobotomy -> Cutting or scraping away most of the connections to and from the prefrontal cortex, the anterior part of the frontal lobes of the brain

Other -otomies[edit]

See also[edit]