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Suffixes with the common part -phil- (-phile, -philia, -phily, -philic) are used to specify some kind of attraction or affinity to something. They are antonymic to suffixes -phob-.

Phil- (philo-) may also be used as a prefix with a similar meaning.

The suffix and prefix are derived from the Ancient Greek word philia (φιλία), "love, affection".


Chemistry and physics[edit]

  • Chromophilous: Staining easily
  • Electrophile: A substance having an affinity for electrons or negative charge
  • Hydrophilic: (of a substance) having a tendency to interact with or be dissolved by water and other polar substances
  • Lipophilic: (of a substance) attracted to lipids, as in cell membranes.
  • Litophilic: (of a substance) In microfluidics, enriching on channel walls instead of in the middle of the channels. (e.g. air bubbles)
  • Nucleophile: A substance having an affinity for positive charge; antonym of electrophile.


National or ethnic[edit]


Prefix phil-[edit]

See also[edit]