.220 Russian

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.220 Russian
Type Hunting
Place of origin USSR
Production history
Designed 1950s
Manufacturer SAKO & Lapua
Parent case 7.62×39mm
Case type Rimless, Bottle-Neck
Bullet diameter 5.67 mm (0.223 in)
Neck diameter 6.22 mm (0.245 in)
Shoulder diameter 10.95 mm (0.431 in)
Base diameter 11.18 mm (0.440 in)
Rim diameter 11.35 mm (0.447 in)
Rim thickness 1.5 mm (0.059 in)
Case length 38.7 mm (1.52 in)
Overall length 48.7 mm (1.92 in)
Case capacity 1.95 cm3 (30.1 gr H2O)
Primer type Small rifle
Maximum pressure 350 MPa (51,000 psi)
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
3.5 g (54 gr) SP 2,993.4 ft/s (912.4 m/s) 1,074.6 ft⋅lbf (1,457.0 J)

The .220 Russian (5.6×39mm) cartridge was developed in the late 1950s for deer hunting in Russia as well as 100 meter running deer competitions.[1] It is a 7.62×39mm cartridge necked down to hold a 5.6 mm bullet. It was later adopted by Finland, and by around 1965 was being produced by SAKO and Lapua. When it was introduced to the United States, Sako, and later Lapua, brass was stamped ".220 Russian".

The .220 Russian is the parent case for the .22 PPC, 6mm PPC, and the 6.5mm Grendel cartridge.


Ballistic data (3.5 gram SP bullet)
Distance (m) 0 50 100 200 300 400 500
Velocity(m / s) 912.4 798.8 694.0 507.7 359.4 290.5 250.3
Energy (J) 1457 1117 843 451 226 148 110


In the Soviet Union, several hunting rifles were designed for this cartridge; the bolt-action carbine "Bars" («Барс»), the TOZ-84-20/5,6 (ТОЗ-84-20/5,6) and TOZ-84-28/5,6 (ТОЗ-84-28/5,6), and the MTs-105-35 (МЦ-105-35) and MTs-127 (МЦ-127).

This round was also used in the TKB-022PM5 bullpup assault rifle, and in development of the standard-issue 5.45×39mm round.

In the Russian Federation, several hunting rifles were designed for this cartridge; the IJ-94 "Sever" (ИЖ-94 "Север"), "Saiga-5,6" ("Сайга-5,6"), and "Saiga-5,6S" ("Сайга-5,6С").

See also[edit]



  • Патроны охотничьи 5,6x39. Типы и основные размеры. ГОСТ 20808-75. Москва, 1975.
  • А. В. Кузьминский. Оружие для охотника: практическое пособие / под общ.ред. А. Е. Тараса М., ООО «Издательство АСТ», 2002. стр.250-251

External links[edit]