.25-25 Stevens

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.25-25 Stevens
25-25 Stevens.jpg
.25-25 Stevens (rt) with .22 long rifle for comparison
Type centerfire rifle
Place of origin United States
Production history
Designed 1895[1]
Specifications
Bullet diameter .257 in (6.5 mm)
Neck diameter .282 in (7.2 mm)
Base diameter .323 in (8.2 mm)
Rim diameter .376 in (9.6 mm)
Case length 2.37 in (60 mm)
Overall length 2.63 in (67 mm)
Primer type boxer, small rifle
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
86 gr (6 g) (smokeless, factory load) 1,500 ft/s (460 m/s) 434 ft·lbf (588 J)
86 gr (6 g) (5.5 gr (0.36 g) smokeless) 1,525 ft/s (465 m/s) 448 ft·lbf (607 J)
Source(s): Barnes & Amber 1972

The .25-25 Stevens was an American centerfire rifle cartridge.[1]

Designed by Capt. W. L. Carpenter, 9th U.S. Infantry,[2] in 1895,[1] the .25-25 Stevens was the company's first straight-cased cartridge.[1] It would be used in Stevens' single shot Model 44, as well as the Model 44½ rifles, which first went on sale in 1903;[1] in addition, it was available in the Remington-Hepburn target rifle.

While the .25-25 was popular, the .25-21 offered "practically the same performance and was a little cleaner shooting."[1] It also suffered a "freakish"[1] appearance, due to its length to diameter ratio,[1] it was also found the usual 20 or 21 gr (1.30 or 1.36 g) black powder charge of the shorter, bottlenecked.[3] 25-21 offered "practically the same ballistics" as 24 or 25 gr (1.56 or 1.62 g) in the .25-25.

The switch to smokeless powder only exacerbated the problem, due to the small charge.[1] To cure this, handloaders use a mix of 3 to 5 gr (0.19 to 0.32 g) of bulk shotgun powder and 18 to 20 gr (1.2 to 1.3 g) of black powder, with bullets of between 60 to 86 gr (3.9 to 5.6 g).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Barnes, p.75, ".25-25 Stevens".
  2. ^ Barnes, p.74, ".25-21 Stevens".
  3. ^ Barnes, p.75, ".25-25 Stevens", & p.74, ".25-21 Stevens".

Sources[edit]