.38-56 WCF

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.38-56 WCF
A .38-56 WCF cartridge next to a .30-30 Winchester cartridge
.38-56 WCF (left) and .30-30 Winchester (right)
Type Rifle
Place of origin United States
Case type Rimmed, Bottleneck
Bullet diameter .3775 in (9.59 mm)
Neck diameter .40 in (10 mm)
Shoulder diameter .445 in (11.3 mm)
Base diameter .505 in (12.8 mm)
Rim diameter .605 in (15.4 mm)
Rim thickness .065 in (1.7 mm)
Case length 2.10 in (53 mm)
Overall length 2.50 in (64 mm)
Primer type Large rifle
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
220 gr (14 g) RN 1,750 ft/s (530 m/s) 1,496 ft⋅lbf (2,028 J)
275 gr (18 g) FN 1,382 ft/s (421 m/s) 1,166 ft⋅lbf (1,581 J)
Test barrel length: 26"
Source(s): LoadData.com,[1] Rifle Magazine[2]

The .38-56 Winchester Center Fire cartridge was introduced in 1887 by Winchester for the Winchester Model 1886,[3] and was also used in the Marlin Model of 1895. Production of Winchester Model 1886s chambered in this cartridge ceased in 1910 due to lack of demand,[3] and most commercial production of the cartridge itself ceased in the 1930s. New production loaded cartridges and unloaded brass cases are rare and are often created using reformed .45-70 brass. The cartridge was originally intended to outperform the similar .38-55 Winchester but in reality had very similar ballistics despite using more gunpowder.[4]

See also[edit]