SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

.eu

.eu is the country code top-level domain for the European Union. Launched on 7 December 2005, the domain is available for any person, company or organization based in the European Economic Area; the TLD is administered by EURid, a consortium consisting of the national ccTLD registry operators of Belgium and Italy, joined by the national registry operator of the Czech Republic. Trademark owners were able to submit registrations through a sunrise period, in an effort to prevent cybersquatting. Full registration started on 7 April 2006. The.eu ccTLD was approved by ICANN on 22 March 2005 and put in the Internet root zone on 2 May 2005. Though the EU is not a country, it has an exceptional reservation in ISO 3166; the Commission and ICANN had extended negotiations lasting more than five years to secure its acceptance..eu.int was the subdomain most used by the European Commission and the European Parliament, based on the.int generic top-level domain for international bodies, until 9 May 2006. The.eu domain was launched in December 2005, because of this most.eu.int domain names changed to.europa.eu on Europe day, 9 May 2006.

The Sunrise Period was broken into two phases. The first phase, which began on 7 December 2005 was to facilitate applications by registrants with prior rights based on trademarks and geographic names; the second phase began on 7 February 2006 and covered company and personal names. In the case of all Sunrise applications, the application needed to be accompanied by documents proving the claim to ownership of a certain right; the decision was made by PricewaterhouseCoopers Belgium, chosen as the validation agent by EURid. On 7 February 2006, the registry was opened for company and personal names. In the first 15 minutes, there were 27,949 total applications, after one hour, 71,235. On 7 April 2006 at 11 am CET registration became possible for non-trademark holders. Most people requesting domains had asked their registrars to put their requested domains in a queue, ensuring the best chance to register a domain; this way more than 700,000 domains were registered during the first 4 hours of operation.

Some large registrars like Go Daddy and small registrars like Dotster suffered from long queues and unresponsiveness, allowing people to'beat the queue' by registering through a registrar that had processed its queue. By August 2006, 2 Million.eu domains had been registered. It was fourth-largest ccTLD in Europe, after.de.uk and.nl, is one of the largest internationally. The number of.eu domain registrations during the year after the landrush 7 April 2006 to 6 April 2007 seems to have peaked at 2.6 million.eu domains. The market adjustment that follows a landrush in any domain name extension ensures that the number of registered domains will fall as many speculative domain registrations that failed to be resold will not be renewed; this is sometimes referred to as the Junk Dump. On the morning of 7 April 2007, the number of active.eu domains stood at 2,590,160 with 15,000 domains having been deleted since 5 April 2007. 1.5 million.eu domains were up for renewal in April 2007. The EURid registry software is based on the DNS. be software and domains are physically renewed at the end of the month of their anniversary of registration.

This process differs from more sophisticated registries like that of.com TLD and other ccTLDs that operate on a daily basis. As with any post-landrush phase, an extension shrinks. Over one year after the launch of.eu, the number of.de domains registered was 11,079,557 according to the German.de registry's statistics page, while number of German owned.eu domains according to EURid's statistics page was 796,561. The number of.uk domains registered was 6,038,732 according to.uk registry Nominet's statistics page. The number of UK owned.eu domains was 344,584. The extent of the shrinkage of.eu ccTLD is difficult to estimate because EURid does not publish detailed statistics on the number of new domains registered each day. Instead it provides only a single figure for the number of active domains; the number of new registrations are combined with numbers of domains registered. 250,000.eu domains were either deleted or moved into quarantine by 30 April 2007. In the intervening years the renewal rate has stabilised to 80%, above the industry average.

On 29 March 2018, as a consequence of the United Kingdom's exit from the European Union, it was announced that "as of the withdrawal date and organisations that are established in the United Kingdom but not in the EU, natural persons who reside in the United Kingdom will no longer be eligible to register.eu domain names or, if they are.eu registrants, to renew.eu domain names registered before the withdrawal date". The Commission announced on 27 April 2018 that it would like to open registration to all EU and EEA citizens, including those living outside the EU; the Parliament, the Council, the Commission reached an agreement on this in December 2018, the corresponding regulation passed the Parliament on 31 January 2019. The 317.000 British.eu domain names will be subject to Brexit negotiations because the.eu domain is reserved for European use. The.eu brexit would occur on March 30, 2019, in case of no deal, but has since been postponed to January 2020. The second-level domain.europa.eu has been reserved for EU institution sites, with institutions and agencies making the switch from.eu.int to.europa.eu domains on the Europe day of 9 May 2006.

The main users of.eu domains are websi

September 1927 Irish general election

The September 1927 Irish general election was held on 15 September 1927. The newly elected members of the 6th Dáil assembled at Leinster House on 11 October when the new President of the Executive Council and Executive Council of the Irish Free State were appointed; the result was a Cumann na nGaedheal minority government. The second general election of 1927 was caused by the uncertain political arithmetic within Dáil Éireann. Only three votes separated the two largest parties, Cumann na nGaedheal and Fianna Fáil, the government was unstable. When, during August, Fianna Fáil decided to enter the Dáil, it gave its support to the Labour Party's motion of no confidence in the Cumann na nGaedheal government and to replace it with a Labour-led coalition with Labour leader Thomas Johnson as President of the Executive Council; the Labour Party was supported by the National League Party. On the other hand, the Cumann na nGaedheal government had the backing of the Farmers' Party and most of the Independent TDs.

When the vote was taken, John Jinks, a National League TD, failed to attend. As a result, the vote was a dead heat and the Ceann Comhairle voted with the government; the motion failed. W. T. Cosgrave realised that this situation could not continue and a general election was called in the hope of providing a clear result. Cumann na nGaedheal fought the election on its record in government so far. Fianna Fáil was the new party on the political scene with new policies and the promise of self-sufficiency; the Labour Party had done well on its last outing and was hoping, was predicted, to win extra seats, in spite of internal divisions. The Farmers' Party represented the needs of agricultural labourers. Sinn Féin had been reduced by the founding of Fianna Fáil from 47 to five seats in the first 1927 election, did not contest a single seat this time, due to lack of financial assets. Cumann na nGaedheal minority government formed; as stated above, Sinn Féin had won five seats in the first 1927 election, but did not contest a single seat this time.

As a result, the number of seats it held decreased from five to zero. Following the general election, Cumann na nGaedheal was able to form a minority government with the support of the Farmers' Party and other Independent TDs; the Labour Party leader, Thomas Johnson, lost his seat in the election and subsequently retired from politics. William Aird Seán Brady Robert Briscoe Edmond Carey Michael Connolly Eamonn Cooney Peter de Loughry Patrick Gorry Stephen Jordan William Kent Arthur Matthews Joseph Mongan Daniel O'Leary Martin Sexton Richard Walsh Austin Stack Kathleen Clarke John Jinks Thomas Johnson Timothy Quill James J. Walsh Members of the 6th Dáil Government of the 6th Dáil

George A. Harrop

George Argale Harrop was an American physician and writer. Harrop was born in Illinois. During 1908–1910 he was educated at University of Wisconsin, he transferred to Harvard University and received his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1912. Harrop attended the Medical School of the Johns Hopkins University and received his Doctorate of Medicine in 1916, he worked as assistant resident in medicine at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and was resident physician at Columbia University. He was associate professor of medicine from 1925 to 1938 at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, he published many papers on clinical medicine and nutrition. He did pioneering research on the mineralocorticoid action of the adrenal cortex. In 1938, he became the director of research of the Squibb Institute for Medical Research at New Brunswick, New Jersey, he married Esther Caldwell in China in 1924, they had a daughter. Harrop invented the banana and skimmed milk diet to treat obese patients for weight loss, he published his results in the Journal of the American Medical Association in 1934.

The diet recommended taking six bananas with 1000 cubic centimetres of skimmed milk each day. Three or more meals were to be eaten one with cabbage or lettuce; the diet was said to produce a weight loss of four to nine pounds. Harrop recommended adding eggs and lean meat to the diet after ten days; the majority of Harrop's patients lost weight, the diet was not tested on a large enough group of patients to define its practical value. The United Fruit Company popularized the diet and it was declared to be the most popular American fad diet in 1934. Physician Morris Fishbein commented that "many people found it difficult to follow because they could not tolerate milk and the diet was criticized because of its tendency to produce constipation." Management of Diabetes: Treatment by Dietary Regulation and the Use of Insulin Diet in Disease Harrop, George A.. A Milk and Banana Diet for the Treatment of Obesity. Journal of the American Medical Association 102: 2003–2005. Harrop, George A; the Banana in the Management of Obesity.

The American Journal of Nursing 34: 685–694