.gr

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.gr
.gr
Introduced 1989
TLD type Country code top-level domain
Status Active
Registry FORTH-ICS
Sponsor FORTH
Intended use Entities connected with  Greece
Actual use Very popular in Greece
Registration restrictions second-level domains and .com.gr domain names may be registered without restrictions; some restrictions apply on some of the specific subdomains
Structure Registrations are taken directly at the second level or at the third level beneath various second-level subdomains
Documents Rules & regulations (el)
DNSSEC yes
Registry Website .gr Registry
.ελ
Introduced 2015[1]
TLD type Internationalized country code top-level domain
Status Active
Intended use Entities connected with  Greece
Actual use Yes
Registration restrictions Should be used with subdomains in the Greek alphabet

.gr is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Greece. Registrations are processed via accredited registrars and domain names in Greek characters may also be registered.

Second level domains[edit]

There are eight official second level domains:

  • com.gr: for those engaging in commercial activities.
  • edu.gr: for educational institutions.
  • net.gr: Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and network providers.
  • org.gr: non-profit organizations.
  • gov.gr: exclusively for governmental organizations.
  • mil.gr: exclusively for military purposes.
  • mod.gr: Ministry of Defence
  • sch.gr: local education authorities, schools, primary and secondary education, community education.

There are some other not official second level domains that belong to registrars offering third level domain name registrations.

  • co.gr: for commercial use (extremely rare use).[2]

Alternative top domain[edit]

Greece applied for the internationalized country code top-level domain (IDN ccTLD) .ελ (.ΕΛ in capital letters) for domain names composed of letters of the Greek alphabet. This was turned down by ICANN in April 2011 because it was too similar visually to .EA in Latin letters should ICANN ever implement such a TLD (EA is an exceptionally reserved ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code element for Ceuta & Melilla).[3]

In 2014 ICANN decided to allow Greece to have the domain .ελ.[4] In October 2015 the right to this top domain was handed over to Greece.[5] The top-level domain became operational on the Internet on 10 July 2018.[6]

The first three months, domains already held under .gr as they are in latin or greek letters or transcribed into greek can be obtained for .ελ only by the holder of that .gr domain.[7] After three months (October 2018) these restrictions cease to exist.

There is also Greek or EU plan to use the domain .ευ for the European Union.[8] It has also been turned down because it is too visually similar to .eu, the European Union domain.

References[edit]

External links[edit]