Gale Arnot Brewer is the 27th and current Borough President of the New York City borough of Manhattan and a Democratic politician from the state of New York. She used to be a member of the New York City Council, where she represented the Upper West Side and she was elected Manhattan Borough President on November 5,2013. Brewer obtained her undergraduate degrees from Bennington College and Columbia University and she earned her Master of Public Administration degree from Harvard Universitys John F. Kennedy School of Government. From 1975 to 1978, Brewer served as director of scheduling for Mary Anne Krupsak, from 1978 to 1990, she was chief of staff to then-New York City Council member Ruth Messinger. From 1990 to 1994, Brewer was director of the New York City Office of Federal Relations in New York in the administration of David Dinkins, from 1994 to 1998, she was Deputy Public Advocate for Intergovernmental Affairs under Mark J. Green. Brewer served as Project Manager for the NYC Nonprofits Project and worked with the Telesis Corporation and she was a member of Manhattans Community Board 7 and Chair of the New York State chapter of the National Womens Political Caucus.
In 2000, she was cited by the New York Daily News as #20 of 50 New Yorkers to Watch, Brewer began serving on the New York City Council in 2002. In each re-election vote in 2003,2005, and 2009, Brewer chaired the Select Committee on Technology in Government from 2002 to 2009 and remains a member of that committee. The report was one of numerous initiatives and events implemented by the Select Committee, which included roundtables, hearings, Brewer chairs the Committee on Governmental Operations. Other committees on which Council Member Brewer serves include, Finance, General Welfare, Higher Education, Housing & Buildings, Mental Health, Technology and Waterfronts. In addition, she co-chairs the Manhattan Delegation, sits on the Councils Budget Negotiating Team, Gale sits on the New York Academy of Medicines Age-Friendly Board. Brewer was ineligible to run for re-election to the City Council in 2013 because of term limits, in February 2013 Brewer announced she would run for Manhattan Borough President.
On September 10,2013, Brewer won the Democratic primary, Brewer won the general election on Tuesday, November 5,2013 and assumed office on January 1,2014. Brewer is married to Cal Snyder, official Manhattan Borough President Website Friends of Gale Brewer Gale Brewer Facebook Page Gale Brewer Twitter Profile
. club, often stylized as. CLUB and sometimes dot-club, is a top-level domain. It was proposed in ICANNs new generic top-level domain program, and became available to the public on May 7,2014. Club Domains. In June 2013. Club Domains, LLC acquired the. club gTLD through an auction after raising $7 million from 27 individual investors. Colin Campbell, the chief executive officer, declined to reveal the final auction price. Club was the first new gTLD acquired via private auction, unsuccessful applicants competing for the gTLD were Donuts and the Merchant Law Group LLP. According to The Domains, Those now using a web address ending in. club include brands, sports figures, innovative entrepreneurs and startups and clubs around the globe. Tens of thousands of clubs and individuals are using a. club address for their web presence, from Rotary Clubs, to school clubs. Prominent individuals using the extension include rapper 50 Cent, professional basketball player Tyler Johnson, and Indian cricket star Virat Kohli
church is a generic top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet. It comes from the name church and is used by churches, ministries of religion. The church domain was entered into the DNS root on May 15,2014, holly Fileds, LLC c/o Donuts is the registry acting as the official technical administrator of the. church TLD. It is required by ICANN to sell names via registrars such as Godaddy, Network Solutions and this gTLD was approved by ICANN on 06 Feb 2014. List of Internet top-level domains Generic top-level domain ICANN Registry Listing Donuts registry
college is a generic-top-level domain used in the domain name system of the Internet. It was delegated to the Root Zone of the DNS on 10 April 2014, the. college back-end registry operations are provided by CentralNic. college is owned and operated by XYZ. COM LLC, located in Las Vegas and Santa Monica. The. college trademark-exclusive Sunrise phase began on March 17,2015, the. college Landrush phase, which was exclusively for educational institutions, opened on April 20,2015 and ran until September 22nd,2015. College launched into global General Availability on September 29,2015
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
vi is the Internet country code top-level domain for the U. S. Virgin Islands. Second level domains are allowed, but only for Virgin Island companies or residents, third level domains are less restricted. Third level registrations are available in. co. vi. org. vi. com. vi. net. vi, and. k12. vi. vg IANA. vi whois information. vi domain registration website. vi domain rules
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
Following ICANNs transition to a global multistakeholder governance model, the IANA functions were transferred to Public Technical Identifiers, an affiliate of ICANN. In addition, five regional Internet registries delegate number resources to their customers, local Internet registries, Internet service providers, a local Internet registry is an organization that assigns parts of its allocation from a regional Internet registry to other customers. Most local Internet registries are Internet service providers, IANA is broadly responsible for the allocation of globally unique names and numbers that are used in Internet protocols that are published as Request for Comments documents. These documents describe methods, research, or innovations applicable to the working of the Internet, IANA maintains a close liaison with the Internet Engineering Task Force and RFC Editorial team in fulfilling this function. IANA is responsible for assignment of Internet numbers which are numerical identifier assigned to an Internet resource or used in the protocols of the Internet Protocol Suite.
Examples include IP addresses and autonomous system numbers, IANA delegates allocations of IP address blocks to regional Internet registries. Each RIR allocates addresses for a different area of the world, collectively the RIRs have created the Number Resource Organization formed as a body to represent their collective interests and ensure that policy statements are coordinated globally. The RIRs divide their allocated address pools into smaller blocks and delegate them to Internet service providers, since the exhaustion of the Internet Protocol Version 4 address space, no further IPv4 address space is allocated by IANA. IANA administers the data in the root nameservers, which form the top of the hierarchical Domain name system tree and this task involves liaising with top-level domain operators, the root nameserver operators, and ICANNs policy making apparatus. IANA administers many parameters of IETF protocols, examples include the names of uniform resource identifier schemes and character encodings recommended for use on the Internet.
This task is performed under the oversight of the Internet Architecture Board, on March 26,1972, Vint Cerf and Jon Postel at UCLA called for establishing a socket number catalog in RFC322. Network administrators were asked to submit a note or place a call, describing the function. This catalog was published as RFC433 in December 1972. In it Postel first proposed a registry of assignments of port numbers to network services, calling himself the czar of socket numbers. The first reference to the name IANA in the RFC series is in RFC1083, published in December,1988 by Postel at USC-ISI, there was widespread dissatisfaction with this concentration of power in one company, and people looked to IANA for a solution. Postel wrote up a draft on IANA and the creation of new top level domains and he was trying to institutionalize IANA. In retrospect, this would have been valuable, since he died about two years later. Jon Postel managed the IANA function from its inception on the ARPANET until his death in October 1998, by his almost 30 years of selfless service, Postel created his de facto authority to manage key parts of the Internet infrastructure
Edward Irving Ed Koch was an American lawyer, political commentator, movie critic and reality television arbitrator. He served in the United States House of Representatives from 1969 to 1977, Koch was a lifelong Democrat who described himself as a liberal with sanity. The author of a public housing renewal program in his years as mayor, he began by cutting spending and taxes. As a congressman and after his terms as mayor he was a fervent supporter of the State of Israel and he crossed party lines to endorse Rudy Giuliani for mayor in 1993, Michael Bloomberg in 2001, and President George W. Bush in 2004. A popular figure, he rode the New York City Subway and he won re-election in 1981 with 75 percent, the first New York City mayor to win endorsement on both the Democratic and Republican party tickets. He won his second re-election with 78 percent of the vote, Koch was born in Crotona Park East section of The Bronx borough of New York City, the son of Yetta and Louis Koch, immigrants from Uscieczko in Eastern Galicia.
He came from a family of Conservative Jews who resided in Newark, New Jersey, as a child, he worked as a hatcheck boy in a Newark dance hall. He graduated from South Side High School in Newark in 1941 and he was drafted into the United States Army in 1943, where he served as an infantryman with the 104th Infantry Division, landing in Cherbourg, France, in September 1944. He earned a European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with two stars, a World War II Victory Medal, and the Combat Infantryman Badge for service in the European Theater of Operations. After V-E Day, because he could speak German, Koch was sent to Bavaria to help remove Nazi public officials from their jobs and he was honorably discharged with the rank of Sergeant in 1946. Koch returned to New York City to attend City College of New York, graduating in 1945, Koch was a sole practitioner from 1949 to 1964, and a partner with Koch, Schwartz & Kovner from 1965 to 1968. A Democrat, he became active in New York City politics as a reformer and opponent of Carmine DeSapio, in 1962 Koch ran for office for the first time, unsuccessfully opposing incumbent William Passannante, a DeSapio ally, for the Democratic nomination for the State Assembly.
In 1963, Koch defeated DeSapio for the position of Democratic Party leader for the district which included Greenwich Village, Koch served on the New York City Council from 1967 to 1969. Koch was the Democratic U. S. Koch said he began his career as just a plain liberal, with positions including opposing the Vietnam War. In April 1973, Koch coined the term Watergate Seven when, congressman Koch met with residents of the community, most of whom were against the proposal. He was convinced by their arguments, and spoke out against the plan, Koch was active in advocating for a greater U. S. role in advancing human rights, within the context of fighting a perceived threat of communism. He had particular influence in the aid budget, as he sat on the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Foreign Operations. In 1976, Koch proposed that the U. S. cut off military aid, after this assassination, Director of Central Intelligence George H. W. Bush informed Koch by phone of the threat
Neustar is the domain name registry for. biz. us. co, and. nyc top-level domains. Neustar was incorporated in Delaware in 1998, Neustar started as a business unit within Lockheed Martin Corporation. It spun off to keep the neutrality that was essential to its original contract with the nations telecommunications providers. In November 2006, Neustar completed the acquisition of Followap, Inc. a U. K. -based enabler of mobile instant messaging services, in 2010, Neustar named Lisa Hook as President and Chief Operating Officer. In October 2011, Neustar acquired TARGUSInfo, on October 30,2013, Neustar announced it purchased Aggregate Knowledge, a seven-year-old ad-tech firm, for $119 million. In March 2014, Neustar acquired. CO Internet for $109 million, on September 9,2015, Asset Purchase Agreement between Transaction Network Services, Inc. and Neustar, Inc. On June 21,2016, Neustar Announced Intention to Separate into two independent publicly traded companies, all retail telephone companies must access the Neustar clearinghouse to properly route virtually all of their customers calls.
Neustar provides back end registry services for. co Top Level Domain, Neustar serves as the provider of registry services and manages directories of similar resources, or addresses, that its customers use for access and connectivity. Neustar previously operated the authoritative directory for U. S, CTIA granted that contract to iconectiv, who took over providing Common Short Code Registry Services on January 1,2016. Neustar is working with the Open Mobile Video Coalition to manage the Mobile DTV Trust Authority, communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act Compuware Neotys NeuStar, Inc. U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission Form 10-K, FY2011, http, //www. sec. gov/Archives/edgar/data/1265888/000119312512088186/d233580d10k. htm Official website
The domain name gov is a sponsored top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet. The name is derived from the government, indicating its restricted use by government entities in the United States. The gov domain is administered by the General Services Administration, an independent agency of the United States federal government, the U. S. is the only country that has a government-specific top-level domain in addition to its country-code top-level domain. This is a result of the origins of the Internet as a U. S. federal government-sponsored research network, other countries typically delegate a second-level domain for this purpose, for example. gc. ca is the second-level domain for the Government of Canada and all subdomains. Some U. S. federal agencies use com, instead of gov, the Department of Defense and its subsidiary organizations use the mil sTLD. Some U. S. governmental entities use other domains, such as com domains by the United States Postal Service, usps. com, the US military repeats this pattern for recruitment websites of other branches.
All governments in the U. S. were allowed to apply for delegations in gov before May 2012, for example, domains have been registered for the city of Atlanta, for the county of Loudoun and for the U. S. state of Georgia. This was not always possible, under a policy, only federal agencies were allowed to use the domain. Inconsistencies exist in addressing of state and local government sites, with some using gov, some us, some using both. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania uses www. pa. gov, www. pennsylvania. gov and www. state. pa. us for the web site. Use of the domain gov is restricted to government entities, the URL for registration services is www. dotgov. gov. To register a gov domain, a letter of authorization must be submitted to the GSA, for federal agencies, the authorization must be submitted by cabinet-level chief information officer. For state governments, authorization from the governor or state CIO is required, for Native Sovereign Nations, the authorization must come from the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
The GSA provides guidelines for naming of second-level domains, such as used by state. For states, the name must include the full state name or postal abbreviation. For example, invalid. gov for Idaho would be a domain name. For local governments, the name must include the state name or abbreviation. However, many. gov domain names do not conform to the convention because they were already registered before the GSA enacted this policy