John Walter Grant MacEwan, was a Canadian farmer, professor at the University of Saskatchewan, Dean of Agriculture at the University of Manitoba, the 28th Mayor of Calgary and both a Member of the Legislative Assembly and the ninth Lieutenant Governor of Alberta, Canada. MacEwan University in Edmonton and the MacEwan Student Centre at the University of Calgary as well as the neighbourhoods of MacEwan Glen in Calgary and MacEwan in Edmonton are named after him. MacEwan's grandparents were Highland Scottish. George MacEwen, his paternal grandfather, came from Stirling, Scotland to farm in Guelph and married Annie Cowan, another Scot; these two had Alexander MacEwen. After leaving home, Alexander went to Brandon, Manitoba to begin a farm of his own, was introduced to Bertha Grant and soon got married. Bertha and Alexander were MacEwan's parents. Bertha was a devout Presbyterian; this strong Scottish and agriculture-driven heritage was influential in MacEwan's life. MacEwan was born in Brandon and lived there until the age of thirteen.
Because of problems with his father's fire-extinguisher business, the family moved to Melfort, Saskatchewan to begin a life of farming. As a boy, MacEwan was entrepreneurial, entering into many different businesses cattle. Most of his first big investments were in cows, either for entering into shows or for producing calves and milk. MacEwan delivered newspapers and sold vegetables and various other items. At the age of twelve, he began working at a grocery store, he spent most of his time helping out on the family farm. In 1921, at the age of nineteen, MacEwan went to Guelph, Ontario to attend the Ontario Agricultural College, he attended the OAC for five years before going back to Melfort. MacEwan was placed among the top of his class, he lived in College, took part in a multitude of campus activities, including the football and basketball teams. In his first two years he completed a preliminary agricultural education; this allowed him to attend the school for another three years to get a full degree.
During his time at school his brother George fell ill with spinal meningitis and died on March 27, 1924. This event was hard on his parents, his family was tightly knit, George had been close to his parents. On May 28, 1926, MacEwan graduated from the OAC along with thirty-three other boys with a BSc degree. After receiving the degree he returned home. In 1927, he received an invitation to study at the University of Iowa, he once again left home to complete a one-year program. In 1928, he received an MSc degree from the University. MacEwan held a position first as a professor Head of Animal Husbandry at the University of Saskatchewan from 1928 to 1946, it was here. He published manuscripts on many farming and ranching techniques. During this period, MacEwan traveled away from the University to many farms across Saskatchewan to lecture, judge animals and give meat-cutting lessons. In 1932, MacEwan took a trip to Great Britain with a load of cattle, to observe ranching practices in the British Isles.
He visited Scotland and recorded in his journal that, "it is but little wonder that such a unique country has produced the best horses, the best cattle, the best men in the world." He visited Wales and Jersey. He returned to Canada via the Hudson Bay ship route north along the coasts of Iceland and Greenland entering Hudson Bay and landing at Churchill, Manitoba, he was the first person to go through customs at the new port in Churchill. MacEwan married Phyllis Cline, a school teacher from Saskatchewan in 1935. Two stories from his wedding cast light. Firstly, whereas traditionally the bride and groom remain out of public view until the ceremony calls for them to enter, Grant stood at the front entrance to greet guests as they arrived. Secondly, when it came time for the new couple to leave, MacEwan could not be found until someone looked out at the parking lot, where Grant was fixing a flat tire. Grant and Phyllis had a daughter, Heather MacEwan, in 1939. In 1946 MacEwan moved to the University of Manitoba to be the Dean of Agriculture.
He served in this position until 1951. In 1948, he published The Sodbusters, it was the first of thirty-seven historical documents. His style was characterized by plain speech, to convey ideas to the reader – students. MacEwan spent his entire career affiliated with the Liberals. On June 25, 1951 he took his first run at electoral politics by running for a seat in the House of Commons of Canada in the electoral district of Brandon, he was defeated by Progressive Conservative Walter Dinsdale by a wide margin finishing second in the two candidate race. The riding voted for Dinsdale despite being a Liberal stronghold. MacEwan had been parachuted in the district while he was still living in Manitoba. Dinsdale on the other hand was local to Brandon and came from a prominent family in the district thus appealing to the voters more than MacEwan, he won a seat in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta in 1955, from November 1958 MacEwan led the Alberta Liberal Party through a provincial election. His party won only one seat in the 1959 election with MacEwan suffering personal defeat in his Calgary riding.
He remained the leader of the party until 1960. During the election, his reputation was his main asset in the campaign against the Social Credit Party, but the strong a
Secretary is a title used in organizations to indicate a person having a certain amount of authority, power, or importance in the organization. Secretaries communicate to the organization; the term is derived from the Latin word secernere, "to distinguish" or "to set apart", the passive participle meaning "having been set apart", with the eventual connotation of something private or confidential, as with the English word secret. A secretarius was a person, overseeing business confidentially for a powerful individual; the official title of the leader of most communist and socialist political parties is the "General Secretary of the Central Committee" or "First Secretary of the Central Committee". When a communist party is in power, the General Secretary is the country's de facto leader, such as China and Cuba. In England, the term secretarius was used "from the beginning of the thirteenth century in the varying meanings of a confidential clerk, an ambassador, or a member of the king's council".
In the fourteenth century, the title became associated with the keeper of the king's signet. From the Renaissance to the late 19th century, men involved in the daily correspondence and the activities of the powerful assumed the title of secretary. With time, like many titles, the term was applied to more and varied functions, leading to compound titles to specify the authority associated with its use, like general secretary or financial secretary. In some countries, such as the United States, the term secretary is used to indicate the holder of a cabinet-level post. There are a number of popular variations of the title used to indicate that the secretary in question has a high degree of authority, such as general secretary, first secretary, executive secretary. In a club or society, the secretary is considered to be, in most cases, the third person in charge of the organization, after the president/chairman and vice president/vice chairman. In smaller organizations, the secretary takes meeting minutes, notifies members of meetings, contacts various persons in relation to the society, administers the day-to-day activities of the organization, creates the order of business.
The secretary of a non-governmental organization or international non-governmental organization can combine the function with that of vice president/vice chairman. General secretary occurs as the title of a ministerial position of authority found in various organizations, such as trade unions and socialist parties, international non-governmental organizations. Examples include: General Secretary of the Communist Party General Secretary of the Communist Party of China General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam General Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union General Secretary of the Portuguese Communist Party General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Party General Secretary of the Labour Party General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress Some church organizations, such as the National Council of Churches and the World Council of Churches Examples include: European Medical Students' Association International Federation of Medical Students' Associations First secretary is the title of the chief officer or leader in many organizations, is a modern diplomatic rank.
Examples include: Some consumer organizations, such as the National Consumers League Some political parties Communist or Socialist Parties First Secretary of State, a cabinet position in the United Kingdom First Secretary for Wales, now First Minister of Wales First Secretary of the Admiralty—see Secretary to the Admiralty In Workers' Party and Communist Party organizations: First Secretary of the Communist Party of Armenia First Secretary of the Communist Party of China—see Party chief of the Communist Party of China First Secretary of the Communist Youth League of China First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia First Secretary of the French Socialist Party First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea First Secretary of the Communist Party of Lithuania First Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union First Secretary of the Moscow Communist Party First Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan First Secretary of the Ukrainian Communist Party First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam Some trade unions in the United Kingdom The General Secretariat for Macedonia and Thrace, a government agency for the Greek regions of Macedonia and Thrace Examples include: Executive Secretary Executive Secretary Executive Secretary for Integral Development, Organization of American States Executive Secretary of the Department of State, United States Secretary