.za

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.za
Introduced 1990
TLD type Country code top-level domain
Status Active
Registry .ZA Domain Name Authority (ZADNA)
Sponsor ZADNA
Intended use Entities connected with South Africa
Actual use Popular in South Africa
Registration restrictions None in .co.za; various restrictions in other subdomains
Structure Registrations are only taken at third level beneath various second-level labels
Documents Articles of Association of ZADNA
Dispute policies Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
Registry Website ZADNA

.za is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for South Africa. Most domains are registered under the second-level domain .co.za.[1]

Regulation[edit]

.za is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for South Africa and the .za namespace is managed and regulated by the .za Domain Name Authority (ZADNA).[2]

Management[edit]

None of the official names for South Africa can be abbreviated to ZA, which is an abbreviation of the Dutch Zuid-Afrika. Dutch was considered an official language in the Union of South Africa until 1961; it subsequently lost its synonymous status with Afrikaans in 1983. Suid-Afrika is the standard spelling in Afrikaans; however, the .sa domain is used by Saudi Arabia. Zuid-Afrika has a history of usage: ZAR serves as the ISO 4217 currency code for the South African rand. The international vehicle code for South Africa has been "ZA" since 1936.

.ZA Second Level Domains (SLDs)[edit]

.ZA has a Second Level Domain (SLD) Structure[3]

Approved .ZA SLD Charters[3][edit]

SLD Charters approved by .za Domain Name Authority[4] (ZADNA)[5]

Second Level Domain (SLD)
Registry operator Moderated/un-moderated
Ac.za
Alt.za
Co.za**
Edu.za
Gov.za
Law.za (no website)
Mil.za (no website)
Net.za
Ngo.za* (no website)
Nom.za
Org.za
School.za
Tm.za* (no website)
Web.za**
TENET
Alan Barret
ZACR
Educor
SITA
Cape Law Society
Dept of Defence
ZACR
Sangonet
Mike Jensen
ZACR
e-Schools Network
Peter Henning
ZACR
Moderated
Un-moderated
Un-moderated
Moderated
Moderated
Moderated
Moderated
un-Moderated
Moderated
Moderated
un-Moderated
Moderated
Moderated
Un-moderated
  • .ac.za[9] - South African academic and tertiary societies
  • .co.za - general use by South African and non-South African persons and entities
  • .edu.za - South African further education training and private colleges
  • .gov.za - South African government & its departments and entities
  • .law.za - South African legal firms
  • .mil.za - South African Department of Defence & its institutions
  • .net.za - primarily for network & internet infrastructure providers
  • .nom.za - personal names, not organisations
  • .org.za - primarily for South African non-commercial entities.
  • .school.za - for schools in South Africa
  • .web.za - general use by South Africans & non-South Africans

Dormant[edit]

  • .alt.za - Historical registrants
  • .ngo.za - for non-governmental organisations. New registrations pending .za DNA public consultation process
  • .tm.za - for trademarks. On hold pending establishment of the .ZA DNA

Private[edit]

  • .agric.za - ARC & Company
  • .grondar.za - Mark R V Murray
  • .nis.za - Network Information Systems

Former (deleted)[edit]

ZADNA removed a number of domains from the .za zone on the 7 August 2009[10]

  • .bourse.za - for all companies which are listed on the JSE Securities Exchange
  • .city.za - for municipal governments.
  • .cybernet.za - Infront Investments Five cc
  • .db.za - De Beers
  • .iaccess.za - Compustat
  • .imt.za - Institute for Maritime Technology
  • .inca.za - Internetworking Cape
  • .landesign.za - Lan Design (no longer exists)
  • .olivetti.za - Olivetti/Mark Elkins
  • .pix.za - Proxima Information Exchange

Statistics[edit]

Currently around 29.39% of the .za internet is served via secured HTTPS protocol, with the Let s Encrypt Authority X3 being the most popular SSL certificate.[11] Apache is the most popular web server, serving 66.56% of the .za domains, followed by Microsoft-IIS serving 11.60% of the total .za domains.[11] The most common 1st character in domain names is "c", with 10.76% of .za domains starting with this character.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ".za Domain Name Authority". www.zadna.org.za. Retrieved 2017-10-04. 
  2. ^ ".za Domain Name Authority". www.zadna.org.za. Retrieved 2017-06-05. 
  3. ^ a b "Policies - .za Domain Name Authority". www.zadna.org.za. Retrieved 2017-07-14. 
  4. ^ ".za Domain Name Authority". www.zadna.org.za. Retrieved 2017-10-14. 
  5. ^ ZADNA
  6. ^ "AC.ZA - Wikimedia Commons". commons.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2017-07-14. 
  7. ^ "EDU.ZA - Wikimedia Commons". commons.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2017-07-14. 
  8. ^ "EDU.ZA - Wikimedia Commons". commons.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2017-07-14. 
  9. ^ Eagleeyenaran (2017-07-14), English: AC.ZA is a moderated domain intended for use by higher education institutions, learned societies and associated research and support institutions that are domiciled in the Republic of South Africa., retrieved 2017-07-14 
  10. ^ ".za Domain Name Authority" (PDF). 
  11. ^ a b c "Internet statistics of South African avidom.co.za". www.avidom.co.za. Retrieved 2017-02-20. 

External links[edit]