.za

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.za
Introduced 1990
TLD type Country code top-level domain
Status Active
Registry .ZA Domain Name Authority (ZADNA)
Sponsor ZADNA
Intended use Entities connected with South Africa
Actual use Popular in South Africa
Registration restrictions None in .co.za; various restrictions in other subdomains
Structure Registrations are only taken at third level beneath various second-level labels
Documents Articles of Association of ZADNA
Dispute policies Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
Registry Website ZADNA

.za is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for South Africa. The .za namespace is managed and regulated by the .za Domain Name Authority (ZADNA).[1] Most domains are registered under the second-level domain .co.za.[2]

Management[edit]

None of the official names for South Africa can be abbreviated to ZA, which is an abbreviation of the Dutch Zuid-Afrika. Dutch was considered an official language in the Union of South Africa until 1961; it subsequently lost its synonymous status with Afrikaans in 1983. Suid-Afrika is the standard spelling in Afrikaans; however, the .sa domain is used by Saudi Arabia. Zuid-Afrika has a history of usage: ZAR serves as the ISO 4217 currency code for the South African rand. The international vehicle code for South Africa has been "ZA" since 1936.

.ZA Second Level Domains (SLDs)[edit]

.ZA has a Second Level Domain (SLD) Structure.[3]

Approved[edit]

  • .ac.za[4] - South African academic and tertiary societies
  • .co.za - general use by South African and non-South African persons and entities
  • .edu.za - South African further education training and private colleges
  • .gov.za - South African government & its departments and entities
  • .law.za - South African legal firms
  • .mil.za - South African Department of Defence & its institutions
  • .net.za - primarily for network & internet infrastructure providers
  • .nom.za - personal names, not organisations
  • .org.za - primarily for South African non-commercial entities.
  • .school.za - for schools in South Africa
  • .web.za - general use by South Africans & non-South Africans

Dormant[edit]

  • .alt.za - Historical registrants
  • .ngo.za - for non-governmental organisations. New registrations pending .za DNA public consultation process
  • .tm.za - for trademarks. On hold pending establishment of the .ZA DNA

Private[edit]

  • .agric.za - ARC & Company
  • .grondar.za - Mark R V Murray
  • .nis.za - Network Information Systems

Former (deleted)[edit]

ZADNA removed a number of domains from the .za zone on the 7 August 2009[5]

  • .bourse.za - for all companies which are listed on the JSE Securities Exchange
  • .city.za - for municipal governments.
  • .cybernet.za - Infront Investments Five cc
  • .db.za - De Beers
  • .iaccess.za - Compustat
  • .imt.za - Institute for Maritime Technology
  • .inca.za - Internetworking Cape
  • .landesign.za - Lan Design (no longer exists)
  • .olivetti.za - Olivetti/Mark Elkins
  • .pix.za - Proxima Information Exchange

Statistics[edit]

Currently around 29.39% of the .za internet is served via secured HTTPS protocol, with the Let's Encrypt Authority X3 being the most popular SSL certificate.[6] Apache is the most popular web server, serving 66.56% of the .za domains, followed by Microsoft-IIS serving 11.60% of the total .za domains.[6] The most common 1st character in domain names is "c", with 10.76% of .za domains starting with this character.[6]

References[edit]

External links[edit]