Type 001A aircraft carrier

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Type 001A aircraft carrier
停泊于大连港的001A.jpg
Type 001A aircraft carrier after launch at Dalian
History
China
Builder: Dalian Shipbuilding
Launched: 26 April 2017
Status: Fitting out
General characteristics (as designed)
Class and type: Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier
Type: Aircraft carrier
Displacement:
  • 55,000 tons (when completed)[1][2]
  • 70,000 tons full load[3]
Length: 315 m (1,033 ft)[4]
Propulsion: Conventional steam turbines, 4 shafts
Speed: 31 knots (36 mph; 57 km/h)[4]
Aircraft carried: 48
Type 001A aircraft carrier
Traditional Chinese 001A型航空母艦
Simplified Chinese 001A型航空母舰
Literal meaning 001A-type aircraft mothership

The Type 001A aircraft carrier or CV-17 aircraft carrier[5] is a Chinese aircraft carrier that was launched on 26 April 2017 for the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China. It is the country's second aircraft carrier after the completion of Liaoning, and the first built domestically.

Construction[edit]

The carrier was constructed by the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation in Dalian, China.[6] According to the state media service Xinhua, initial work on the vessel began in November 2013, and construction of its hull in a drydock began in March 2015,[6] the Chinese government did not publicly confirm the ship's existence until construction was well underway. Satellite imagery for the defense analysis industry showed the aircraft carrier in the early stages of hull assembly by March 2015. Public photos of a hull with military characteristics at the Dalian shipyard surfaced on the Internet the next month;[7][8] in October 2015, the first definite signs of the vessel's role appeared when construction of a hangar deck began on the hull.[8] In December 2015, a Chinese defense ministry spokesman confirmed that the ship was an aircraft carrier, stating that the design and construction work was under way.[9]

The hull was completed by May 2016, when the ski jump takeoff ramp was installed,[10] the ship's island superstructure was fabricated in two parts: the nine-deck forward half, containing the bridge and main mast, was installed by September of that year, while the aft half, with the funnel and air intakes, was installed in the weeks that followed.[11][12] By the end of the year, the ship was substantially structurally complete.[13]

The Type 001A carrier was launched on 26 April 2017,[14][15] the vessel is set to undergo fitting-out and sea trials for several years before it is commissioned sometime around 2020.[14] The name of the aircraft carrier was not revealed at the launch ceremony, although earlier reports had speculated the aircraft carrier will be named Shandong after the province of the same name.[14] While its predecessor Liaoning has been used largely as a training ship since it entered active service in 2012, the Type 001A is expected to be used in regular military operational service.[16]

Design[edit]

Admiral Kuznetsov, on which the Type 001A is based, at sea in 1996

The aircraft carrier's design is based on the Soviet Union's Kuznetsov class, as China's first carrier, Liaoning, was constructed from an incomplete Kuznetsov-class vessel and the 001A is a slightly refined version of Liaoning.[11] It is slightly modified and upgraded compared to Liaoning, with improved radar[12] and increased storage capacity for ammunition and fuel, allowing it to carry more aircraft than Liaoning (estimated to be between 30 and 40 jets and helicopters).[10][16] It measures about 315 metres (1,033 ft) long, with a displacement of about 55,000 tonnes (70,000 loaded).[14][16] The ship is believed to be powered by conventional oil-fired boilers driving steam turbines,[11] it retains the ski jump takeoff, which limits its air wing to helicopters and Shenyang J-15 fighter jets; future Chinese carriers are planned to use catapults that allow the launch of heavier aircraft.[10][13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/russia/1143_5-specs.htm
  2. ^ http://rusnavy.com/nowadays/strength/surfaceships/kuznetzov/
  3. ^ "China, Sending a Signal, Launches a Home-Built Aircraft Carrier". The New York Times. 25 April 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Chan, Minnie (12 April 2017). "10 things you should know about China's first home-built aircraft carrier". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  5. ^ Kyle Mizokami (1 January 2016). "China Is Now Building Its Second Aircraft Carrier". Popular Mechanics. 
  6. ^ a b "China launches second aircraft carrier". Xinhua. 26 April 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  7. ^ "China may be building first indigenous carrier". Jane's Defence Weekly. IHS. 27 September 2015. Archived from the original on 30 September 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "China's First Homemade Carrier Moves Forward". Popular Science. 27 October 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  9. ^ "China Begins Building Second Aircraft Carrier". The Wall Street Journal. 31 December 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  10. ^ a b c "China's New Carrier Gets A Ski Ramp". Popular Science. 20 May 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c "Further progress made on China's Type 001A carrier". IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. 26 September 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  12. ^ a b "China Adds An Island Tower To Its Aircraft Carrier". Popular Science. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  13. ^ a b "Analysis: Chinese aircraft carrier program progressing substantially into the new year". Defense News. 31 January 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  14. ^ a b c d "China, Sending a Signal, Launches a Home-Built Aircraft Carrier". The New York Times. 25 April 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  15. ^ LaGrone, Sam, "VIDEO: China Launches First Domestic Aircraft Carrier," usni.org, 26 April 2017, 12:28 p.m.
  16. ^ a b c "China Launches First Home-Built Aircraft Carrier, Boosting Naval Power". The Wall Street Journal. 26 April 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017.