02.005 Fighter Squadron "Île-de-France"

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Hunter Squadron 2/5 Île-de-France
Escadron de Chasse 2/5 Île-de-France
Ec-2-5.jpg
Insignia of the Escadron
Active October 20, 1941 - present
Country France France
Branch French-roundel.svg French Air Force
Type Chasse Fr
Hunter Eng
Role Aerial Defense
Part of Brigade Aérienne de l'Aviation de Chasse
(BAAC)
composed of 3 Escadrilles
C46
SPA84
SPA124
Garrison/HQ Orange-Caritat Air Base
Decorations War Cross 1939–1945
(Croix de guerre 1939–1945)
War Cross for foreign operational theaters
(Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures)
Website Official Website (in French)
Aircraft flown
Fighter Mirage 2000C RDI
Mirage 2000B RDI

The Escadron de Chasse or Hunter[1] Squadron 2/5 Île-de-France[2] or EC 2/5 Île-de-France (French: Escadron de Chasse 2/5 Île-de-France) is a French Air Force fighter[3] squadron currently stationed at Orange-Caritat Air Base (ICAO: LFMO) and equipped with the Dassault Mirage 2000C fighter aircraft. The squadron's planes now carry aircraft codes between 115-OA and 115-OZ.

History[edit]

Mirage IIIC conserved at BA115 with colors of the 2/5.
Mirage 2000C of EC 2/5 Île-de-France .
insignia of SPA84 "Tête de Renard" (Fox Head) .
One of the 17 Mirage 2000B biplaces training of EC 2/5.
Mirage 2000 C "escadron Ile de France".

EC 2/5 carries on the traditions of a fighter squadron created by Charles de Gaulle on October 20, 1941 as 340 (Free French) Squadron of the Royal Air Force. The success of this squadron during World War II earned it numerous awards and citations.[4]

The squadron was integrated into the 5th Wing in July 1947 and equipped with Bell P-63 Kingcobra. From July 1949 to January 1951, it returned to combat when deployed during the Indochina War.

In March 1951, the unit received the appointment of Fighter Squadron 2/5 Ile-de-France and it moved to Air Base 115 Orange-Caritat and transitioned to the de Havilland Vampire. At this point the unit's history closely follows that of the other squadron based in Orange, EC 1/5 Vendée. Both units received the same aircraft types a few months apart and were assigned to the same operational deployments one after the other. In September 1992, EC 2/5 Ile-de-France earned the distinction of being the first unit of the French Air Force to be deployed in Saudi Arabia to enforce the no-fly zone imposed in Iraq. It has participated in similar operations in Bosnia.

Since 1997, EC 2/5 Ile-de-France is responsible for training and operational transformation of all Mirage 2000 pilots, though its main mission remains air defense. For this, it is equipped with 17 two-seat Mirage 2000 B and 7 single-seat Mirage 2000C fighter aircraft. On 11 June 2010, EC 2/5 Ile-de-France and EC 1/12 Cambrai were deployed to Chad to replace the last remaining Dassult Mirage F1 aircraft of the French Air Force on the African continent.

The squadron has provided a pair of Mirage 2000C aircraft and support personnel which have been deployed to the Polish 22nd Air Base along with a pair of Mirage 2000-5 aircraft from Escadron de Chasse 1/2. The aircraft arrived in Poland on 2 June 2014 to relieve four French Dassault Rafales as part of NATO's response to Russian aggression in Ukraine. They are tasked with air defense and reconnaissance in Baltic and Eastern European regions.[5]

Citations[edit]

Flights[edit]

  • 1st Flight "Paris" to June 2012, then C46 "Trident"
  • 2nd Flight "Vincennes" to June 2012, then SPA84 "Tete de Renard"
  • 3rd Flight "Versailles" from 1998 to August 2008, then SPA125 "Jeanne D'Arc"

Bases[edit]

EC 2/5 is currently based at Orange-Caritat Air Base, enumerated as base aerienne 115 by the French Air Force.

Notable service members[edit]

Aircraft used[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The French word "Chasseur" translates to "Hunter" in English, and while this is a Fighter aircraft, the actual translation is different. The word "Fighter/Combat Aircraft" translates to "Avion de Combat" in the French language.
  2. ^ When referring to a Escadron/Squadron of the French Air Force or any military unit in France, be careful (unless sure), the names after the numbers such as : "2/30 (number) "Normandie-Niemen" (official battle honor designation) actually sometimes designates locations, emblems or not, and mainly for military units referring to Battle honours inscriptions at these locations. Hence, a location would translate in any language to the same, usually, an emblem can be misinterpreted and Battle honours should not be translated. In addition, some of these unit squadrons are heir to others with direct official designations but different number sequences. On another hand, locations, emblems and battle honors can sometimes be misinterpreted and translated to another language (word) with a totally different word. Emblems also sometimes may refer to a region while they also could be wrongly misinterpreted. Therefore, it is better to keep their title designation in the French language (specially in case of military units which most harbor battle honor designations but not necessarily) and translate within the article itself, since some of these designated name designations/emblems/locations/battle honors have history behind them as well, where as a wrongly translated word or not (or composition word) would be incorrect in relation to a mentioned history designation of a Squadron/Escadron. For the reference, the previously stated would be related to Encyclopedic (Wikipedia) inter-languages integrity concepts which has no distinct official citation on a language Encyclopedia (in this case either French or English Wikipedia).
  3. ^ The word "Fighter" (in reference to a Fighter aircraft) in the English language doesn't exist in the French Air Force repertoire; therefore the article was created under the official French designation; however these are Fighter formations.
  4. ^ "Historique de l'Ile de France" (in French). Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "France Replaces Rafales with Mirages on Polish Det". Air Forces Monthly (317). August 2014.