Daniel Rosenfeld

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Daniel Rosenfeld
C418 – Daniel Rosenfeld (6120719990).jpg
Rosenfeld in 2011
Background information
Also known as C418
Born (1989-05-09) May 9, 1989 (age 28)
East Germany
Occupation(s) Independent musician, composer, sound engineer
Years active 2004–present
Labels Mojang, Ghostly International[1]
Associated acts
Website c418.org

Daniel Rosenfeld (born May 9, 1989)[2] is a German musician, producer and sound engineer best known as the composer and sound designer for the video game Minecraft. His music is mostly published under the name C418.[3] He has also written and produced the theme song for Beyond Stranger Things.

Early life[edit]

Rosenfeld, son of a Soviet gold smith and a German mother, was born and grew up in East Germany after reunification, and the economic realities of the region may have limited his resources to learn audio composition.[citation needed] He says he learned to create music on early versions of Schism Tracker and Ableton Live in the early 2000s, which were both rudimentary tools at the time.[4] He states it was his brother who introduced him to music composition. His brother told him about Ableton Live, commenting that "even an idiot" can successfully create music with Ableton.

In 2007, Rosenfeld started a blog where he would post a new song every week, known as "Blödsinn am Mittwoch" or BAM for short.[5] The website that hosted these BAMs has since disappeared, and Rosenfeld seeks no affiliation to his early music as he feels it was too bad to represent his current work. This was around the same time Rosenfeld became interested in game development and game audio, which resulted in him joining indie game development forum TIGSource, where he became involved with numerous smaller game developers.[6]

Music for Mojang[edit]

On TIGSource, Rosenfeld began collaborating with Minecraft creator Markus "Notch" Persson. Rosenfeld was responsible for the sound effects and music in Persson's work-in-progress video game Minecraft. The sound engine in the still young Java game was not very powerful, so Rosenfeld had to be creative in his approach to creating sound effects and music.[4]

As a freelance artist, Rosenfeld was not on staff at Mojang,[7] the organization behind Minecraft. Rosenfeld still owns the rights to all the music in the game,[8] and has released two albums featuring songs from the Minecraft soundtrack.[7] The first soundtrack, Minecraft – Volume Alpha, was digitally released on March 4, 2011 on his Bandcamp page. The video game blog Kotaku selected the music of Minecraft as one of the best video game soundtracks of 2011.[9]

Almost half a year later, production on a documentary of the development of minecraft started, titled Minecraft: The Story of Mojang. C418 was requested to create a soundtrack to this documentary, which was included on his 2012 album, One.

On November 9, 2013, Rosenfeld released the second instalment of the official soundtrack for Minecraft, titled Minecraft – Volume Beta. Many of the new songs were being added into features of the game that were not present when the first batch of music was produced; i.e. the Nether or the End.[10] Meanwhile, Minecraft - Volume Alpha was released on a physical format on Ghostly International in 2015.[1] This release consisted of a regular CD edition of the album, a vinyl edition which came with a code for a digital copy of the album, and a limited edition of the album pressed on green transcluent vinyl.

Persson and Rosenfeld worked together again after Minecraft's success on the creation of a new game, titled 0x10c. The game was never released, with Persson halting production in August 2013. Rosenfeld released an album featuring his work on the project in September 2014. The album was released digitally with little publicity; Rosenfeld simply sent out a tweet stating that it was available.[11]

Independent work[edit]

In addition to the Minecraft soundtracks, Rosenfeld composes his own independent music. He has released a large amount of music on his Bandcamp page, of which he has only officially released seven LPs (not including Minecraft soundtracks).

In 2008, Circle was released. Circle was the soundtrack to an unreleased indie game bearing the same name, developed by an unknown developer.[12]

In 2009, Rosenfeld published a compilation album of his songs created for his blog Blödsinn am Mitwoch. The name of this album, Bushes and Marshmallows, was based on the abbreviation for Blödsinn am Mitwoch, BAM. Note that this is not a translation from the German album title, as that would loosely translate to nonsense on wednesday. [5]

As interest in Minecraft skyrocketed, so did Rosenfelds effort in and earnings from the game's soundtrack. When Minecraft became available to the general public as an early access title it became popular rapidly. Rosenfeld, who up until that point had worked at an assembly line for a living, could now afford to make a career switch, making music his primary source of income.[6] This inspired him to create a new album, 72 Minutes of Fame. The content of this album mostly revolves around this lifestyle-defining moment in Rosenfeld's life.[13] This album was the first of Rosenfeld's works to have had a (limited) physical release.

At the end of 2015, Rosenfeld released 148, which much like 72 Minutes of Fame carried a significant amount of personal content, albeit slightly more hidden under lyrics and effects this time around.[14]

72 Minutes Of Fame (along with "I forgot something, didn't I") in 2011, Seven Years Of Server Data in 2011, 148 in 2015, 2 years of failure in 2016, and most recently, Dief in 2017.[10] He says he does not seek fame, and he struggles with public attention, such as critical comments from his large group of followers on Twitter.[8] The Guardian has compared his compositions to those of Brian Eno and Erik Satie because of their ambient quality.[4]


Studio albums
  • Mixes (2008)
  • Zweitonegoismus (2008)
  • Bushes and Marshmallows (2009)
  • Life Changing Moments Seem Minor in Pictures (2010)
  • 72 Minutes of Fame (2011)
  • 148 (2015)
  • Dief (2017)
Soundtrack albums
  • Circle (2008)
  • Minecraft – Volume Alpha (2011)
  • Catacomb Snatch (2012)
  • One (2012)
  • Minecraft – Volume Beta (2013)
  • 0x10c (2014)


  1. ^ a b "C418 - Minecraft Volume Alpha Release Page". Ghostly.com. Retrieved 2017-01-05. 
  2. ^ "C418 on Twitter: "So, uh, how do you change the age of your own Wikipedia page? Do I need to have an interview that says I've been born in 89, not 86?"". Twitter. 2015-05-13. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  3. ^ "Minecon 2012 - The Music of Minecraft & Minecraft Documentary". YouTube. 2012-11-28. Retrieved 2017-01-05. 
  4. ^ a b c Keith Stuart, How Daniel Rosenfeld wrote Minecraft's music, The Guardian, 7 November 2014.
  5. ^ a b Rosenfeld, Daniel (January 27, 2017). "Bushes and Marshmallows". C418.org. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Who is Daniel?". C418. Retrieved 2017-11-02. 
  7. ^ a b Luke Plunkett, The Soothing Sounds Of...Minecraft?, Kotaku.com, 9 March 2011.
  8. ^ a b Charlie Hall, Minecraft's composer discusses Mojang's unreleased game, Notch's departure, Polygon.com, 18 September 2014.
  9. ^ Hamilton, Kirk. "All of the Best Video Game Music of 2011". Kotaku. Gawker Media. Retrieved November 14, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b "Minecraft Volume Beta on Bandcamp". November 9, 2013. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  11. ^ Andy Chalk, Minecraft composer releases 0x10c tracks, muses on Notch's departure from Mojang, PC Gamer, 17 September 2014.
  12. ^ "circle". C418. Retrieved 2017-11-02. 
  13. ^ "72 Minutes Of Fame". C418. Retrieved 2017-11-02. 
  14. ^ "148". C418. Retrieved 2017-11-02. 

External links[edit]