1,1,1-Tris(aminomethyl)ethane

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1,1,1-Tris(aminomethyl)ethane
1,1,1-Tris(aminomethyl)ethane.svg
Names
IUPAC name
1,1,1-Tris(aminomethyl)ethane
Other names
TAME
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.149.897
Properties
CH3C(CH2NH2)3
Molar mass 117.20
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 1.0 g/cm3
Boiling point 264.0 °C (507.2 °F; 537.1 K)
Hazards
Flash point 128.6 °C (263.5 °F; 401.8 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

1,1,1-Tris(aminomethyl)ethane (TAME) is an organic compound with the formula CH3C(CH2NH2)3. It is a colorless liquid, it is classified as a polyamine tripodal ligand, i.e., capable of binding to metal ions through three sites and hence is a tridentate chelating ligand, occupying a face of the coordination polyhedron.

Preparation[edit]

TAME is synthesized by the Pd/C-catalyzed hydrogenation of 1,1,1-tris(azidomethyl)ethane, although azides are potentially explosive, they are excellent and practical source of primary amines. The required tris(azidomethyl)ethane is obtained from the tritosylate by salt metathesis using sodium azide, these two steps are:[1]

3 NaN3 + CH3C(CH2OTs)3 → CH3C(CH2N3)3 + 3 NaOTs
3 H2 + CH3C(CH2N3)3 → CH3C(CH2NH2)3 + 3 N2

Complexes of TAME[edit]

The tripodal TAME ligand coordinates facially to metal ions, this stereochemical feature has been exploited in the preparation of platinum(IV) cage complexes, e.g., [Pt(tame)2]4+, which is a six coordinate Pt(IV) complex. Platinum in its +4 oxidation state has a d6 configuration and is kinetically inert. For this reason the formation of [Pt(tame)2]4+ is initiated by installing TAME on a platinum(II) precursor. The resulting square planar complex is oxidized with [PtCl6]2− to produce the target Pt(IV) derivatives.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ L. J. Zompa and J.-P. Anselme, "Catalytic Reduction of 1,1,1 tris(azidomethyl)ethane to 1,1,1 tris(Aminomethyl)ethane" Org. Prep. Proced. lnt, 6, 103 (1974).
  2. ^ K. N. Brown, D. C. R. Hockless, A. M. Sargeson, "Synthesis and electrochemistry of [Pt(tame)2]4+: crystallographic analysis of bis[1,1,1-tris(aminomethyl)ethane-N,N9] platinum(II) bis(tetrachlorozincate) dihydrate" J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1999, vol. 105, pp. 2171-2176. doi: 10.1039/A901725I.