1,1-Dichloro-1-fluoroethane

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1,1-Dichloro-1-fluoroethane
Structures of 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane
Dichlorofluoroethane molecule
Names
IUPAC name
1,1-Dichloro-1-fluoroethane
Other names
Dichlorofluoroethane; R-141b; HCFC-141b
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.100.575
UNII
Properties
C2H3Cl2F
Molar mass 116.94 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid, ethereal odor
Density 1.25 g/cm3 at 20 °C[1]
Melting point −103.5 °C (−154.3 °F; 169.7 K)[1]
Boiling point 32 °C (90 °F; 305 K)[1]
4 g/L (20 °C)[1]
Hazards
R52-53 - N; R59
R-phrases (outdated) R52/53 R59
S-phrases (outdated) S59 S61
532 °C (990 °F; 805 K)[1]
Explosive limits 5.6–17.7% vol.[1]
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
5 g/kg (rat, oral)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

1,1-Dichloro-1-fluoroethane is a haloalkane with the formula C
2
H
3
Cl
2
F
. It is one of the three isomers of dichlorofluoroethane, it belongs to the hydrochlorofluorocarbon family (HCFC).

Use[edit]

1,1-Dichloro-1-fluoroethane is mainly used as a refrigerant under the names R-141b or HCFC-141b.

Physico-chemical properties[edit]

It is a non-flammable, colourless liquid in atmospheric conditions, the compound is very volatile and its smell has been described as "usually ethereal".

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Record of 1,1-Dichloro-1-fluoroethane in the GESTIS Substance Database of the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, accessed on 8 February 2009