1,3-Diphenylurea

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1,3-Diphenylurea
Diphenylurea.svg
Names
IUPAC name
1,3-diphenylurea
Other names
DPU, N,N’- diphenylurea
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
Properties
C13H12N2O
Molar mass 212.25 g·mol−1
-127.5·10−6 cm3/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

1,3-Diphenylurea is a phenylurea-type cytokinin, a type of plant hormone that induces flower development.

Folke Skoog discovered the effects of cytokinins using coconut milk in the 1940s at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. 1,3-Diphenylurea is a compound that has been thereafter identified in coconut milk.[1]

The cytokinin effect of DPU is considered low as compared to that of adenine derivatives such as zeatin. Nevertheless, there have been subsequent discoveries of other more potent phenylurea-type cytokinins.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shantz, E. M.; Steward, F. C. (1955). "The Identification of Compound A from Coconut Milk as 1,3-Diphenylurea". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 77 (23): 6351. doi:10.1021/ja01628a079. 
  2. ^ Effect of cytokinin-active phenylurea derivatives on shoot multiplication. T. Genkov and I. Ivanova, Bulg. J. Plant Physiol., 1995, 21(1), pages 73–83 (link to article at researchgate)

External links[edit]