Benzanthrone

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Benzanthrone
Skeletal formula of benzanthrone
Ball-and-stick model
Names
IUPAC name
7H-Benzo[de]anthracen-7-one
Other names
Benzanthrenone
1,9-Benzanthrone
MS-Benzanthrone
Mesobenzanthrone
Naphtanthrone
7H-Benz(de)anthracene-7-one
7-Oxobenz(de)anthracene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.001.268
EC Number 201-393-3
Properties
C17H10O
Molar mass 230.27 g·mol−1
Appearance Light yellow to brown-green solid
Melting point 170 °C (338 °F; 443 K)
Insoluble
Hazards
S-phrases (outdated) S24 S25 S26 S28A S37 S39 S45
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Benzanthrone (BZA) is an aromatic hydrocarbon derivate used as a dyestuff intermediate for anthraquinone-based dyes. It has the appearance of a light yellow to brown-green powder with melting point of 170 °C. It is insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol.

It is a basic substance with fluorescent and luminescent properties, it can be used for photosensitization, and as a charge transport material. It is also used in pyrotechnics industry, mainly as a component of some older formulations of green and yellow colored smokes, often together with Vat Yellow 4; its US military specification is MIL-D-50074D.[1]

Safety[edit]

Benzanthrone causes itching and burning sensations on exposed skin, together with erythema, dermatitis, and skin pigmentation.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Appendix A: Benzanthrone". Toxicity of Military Smokes and Obscurants. Volume 3. 1999. 

External links[edit]