1,4-Cyclohexadiene

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1,4-Cyclohexadiene
Skeletal formula with all implicit hydrogen shown, skeletal formula; stereo, skeletal formula with all explicit hydrogens added, all of 1,4-cyclohexadiene
1,4-Cyclohexadiene molecule
1,4-Cyclohexadiene molecule
Names
Systematic IUPAC name
Cyclohexa-1,4-diene[1]
Other names
1,4-Cyclohexadiene[citation needed]
1,4-Dihydrobenzene[citation needed]
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
Abbreviations 1,4-CHDN
1900733
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.010.040
EC Number 211-043-1
1656
MeSH 1,4-cyclohexadiene
UN number 3295
Properties
C6H8
Molar mass 80.13 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 0.847 g cm−3
Melting point −50 °C; −58 °F; 223 K
Boiling point 82 °C; 179 °F; 355 K
-48.7·10−6 cm3/mol
1.472
Thermochemistry
142.2 J K−1 mol−1
189.37 J K−1 mol−1
63.0-69.2 kJ mol−1
-3573.5--3567.5 kJ mol−1
Hazards
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H225, H340, H350, H373
P201, P210, P308+313
NFPA 704
Flammability code 3: Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Flash point between 23 and 38 °C (73 and 100 °F). E.g., gasoline Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point −7 °C (19 °F; 266 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

1,4-Cyclohexadiene is an organic compound with the formula C6H8. It is a colourless, flammable liquid that is of academic interest as a prototype of a large class of related compounds called terpenoids, an examples being γ-terpinene. An isomer exists of this compound, 1,3-cyclohexadiene.

Synthesis and reactions[edit]

In the laboratory, substituted 1,4-cyclohexadienes are synthesized by Birch reduction of related aromatic compounds using an alkali metal and a proton donor such as ammonia; in this way, over reduction to the fully saturated ring is avoided.

1,4-Cyclohexadiene and its derivatives are easily aromatized, the driving force being the formation of an aromatic ring. The conversion to an aromatic system may be used to trigger other reactions, such as the Bergman cyclization.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1,4-cyclohexadiene - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 27 March 2005. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  2. ^ John C. Walton, Fernando Portela-Cubillo "1,4-Cyclohexadiene" Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis 2007 John Wiley & Sons. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rn00806

External links[edit]