1-Chlorobutane

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1-Chlorobutane
Skeltal formula
Ball-and-stick model
Names
IUPAC name
1-chlorobutane, N-Butyl chloride
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.361
UNII
Properties
C4H9Cl
Molar mass 92.57 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid[1]
Density 0.89 g/mL
Melting point −123.1 °C (−189.6 °F; 150.1 K)[1]
Boiling point 78 °C (172 °F; 351 K)[1]
0.5 g/L (20 °C)[1]
Solubility Miscible with methanol, ether[citation needed]
-67.10·10−6 cm3/mol
Hazards
Safety data sheet Fischer MSDS
Highly flammable
NFPA 704
Flammability code 3: Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Flash point between 23 and 38 °C (73 and 100 °F). E.g., gasoline Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 1: Normally stable, but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures. E.g., calcium Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 17 °C (63 °F)[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

1-Chlorobutane is an alkyl halide with the chemical formula C4H9Cl. It reacts with lithium metal to give n-butyllithium:[2]

2 Li + C4H9Cl → C4H9Li + LiCl

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Record in the GESTIS Substance Database of the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  2. ^ Brandsma, L.; Verkraijsse, H. D. (1987). Preparative Polar Organometallic Chemistry I. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-16916-4.