Propylamine

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Propylamine
Skeletal formula of propylamine
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Propan-1-amine
Other names
Propylamine
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
1098243
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.149
EC Number 203-462-3
1529
RTECS number UH9100000
UNII
UN number 1277
Properties
C3H9N
Molar mass 59.11 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor fishy, ammoniacal
Density 0.719 g mL−1
Melting point −83.00 °C; −117.40 °F; 190.15 K
Boiling point 47 to 51 °C; 116 to 124 °F; 320 to 324 K
Miscible
log P 0.547
Vapor pressure 33.01 kPa (at 20 °C)
660 μmol Pa−1 kg−1
Acidity (pKa) 10.71
1.388
Thermochemistry
162.51 J K−1 mol−1
227.44 J K−1 mol−1
−101.9–−101.1 kJ mol−1
−2.368–−2.362 MJ mol−1
Hazards
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The corrosion pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The skull-and-crossbones pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H225, H302, H311, H314, H331
P210, P261, P280, P305+351+338, P310
Flash point −30 °C (−22 °F; 243 K)
Explosive limits 2–10.4%
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
  • 370 mg kg−1 (oral, rat)
  • 402.6 mg kg−1 (dermal, rabbit)
Related compounds
Related alkanamines
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Propylamine, also known as n-propylamine, is an amine with the chemical formula C2H5CH2NH2 (also written as C3H7NH2 and C3H9N). It is a colorless volatile liquid.[1]

Propylamine is a weak base, its Kb (base dissociation constant) is 4.7 × 10−4.

Preparation[edit]

Propyl amine hydrochloride can be prepared by reacting 1-propanol with ammonium chloride at high temperature and pressure using a Lewis acid catalyst such as ferric chloride.

Derivative (chemistry)[edit]

  1. Propetamide
  2. Flavodilol
  3. Rolipramine
  4. Rotigotine
  5. Chlorpropamide
  6. Propafenone
  7. Propetamide

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karsten Eller, Erhard Henkes, Roland Rossbacher, Hartmut Höke "Amines, Aliphatic" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2005. doi:10.1002/14356007.a02_001

External links[edit]