# 1-center problem

The **1-center problem** or **minimax** or **minmax location problem** is a classical combinatorial optimization problem in operations research of facilities location type. In its most general case the problem is stated as follows: given a set of n demand points, a space of feasible locations of a facility and a function to calculate the transportation cost between a facility and any demand point, find a location of the facility which minimizes the maximum facility-demand point transportation cost.

The simple special case when the feasible locations and demand points are in the plane with Euclidean distance as transportation cost (**planar minmax Euclidean facility location problem, Euclidean 1-center problem in the plane,** etc.), it is also known as the smallest circle problem. Its generalization to n-dimensional Euclidean spaces is known as the smallest enclosing ball problem. A further generalization (**weighted Euclidean facility location**) is when the set of weights is assigned to demand points and the transportation cost is the sum of the products of distances by the corresponding weights. Another special case, the closest string problem, arises when the inputs are strings and their distance is measured using Hamming distance.

There are numerous particular cases of the problem, depending on the choice of the locations both of demand points and facilities, as well as the distance function.

## References[edit]

- Megiddo, Nimrod (November 1983). "The weighted Euclidean 1-center problem" (PDF).
*Mathematics of Operations Research*. Hanover (disambiguation): Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.**8**(4): 498–504. doi:10.1287/moor.8.4.498. - Foul, Abdelaziz (May 2006). "A 1-center problem on the plane with uniformly distributed demand points".
*Operations Research Letters*. Elsevier.**34**(3): 264–268. doi:10.1016/j.orl.2005.04.011. - Chandrasekaran, R. (July 1982). "The weighted euclidean 1-center problem".
*Operations Research Letters*. Elsevier.**1**(3): 111–112. doi:10.1016/0167-6377(82)90009-8. - Colebrook, M.; J. Gutiérrez, S. Alonso; J. Sicilia (December 2002). "A New Algorithm for the Undesirable 1-Center Problem on Networks".
*Journal of the Operational Research Society*. Palgrave Macmillan Journals.**53**(12): 1357–1366. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jors.2601468. JSTOR 822725. - Burkard, Rainer E.; Helidon Dollani (February 2002). "A Note on the Robust 1-Center Problem on Trees".
*Annals of Operations Research*. Kluwer Academic Publishers.**110**(1-4): 69–82. doi:10.1023/A:1020711416254. ISSN 1572-9338.

## See also[edit]

- Minsum facility location (1-median problem), with geometric median being a special case
- Maxmin facility location (obnoxious facility location)
- k-center problem
- k-median problem