Propylene chlorohydrin

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Propylene chlorohydrin
2-hydroxy-1-chloropropane.png
Names
Other names
1-chloro-2-hydroxypropane
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
Properties
C3H7ClO
Molar mass 94.54
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 1.1154 g/mL
Boiling point 127
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Propylene chlorohydrin usually refers to the organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)CH2Cl. A related compound, an isomer, is CH3CH(Cl)CH2OH. Both isomers are colorless liquids that are soluble in organic solvents, they are classified as chlorohydrins. Both are generated on a large scale as intermediates in the production of propylene oxide.[1]

The reaction of aqueous solution of chlorine with propene gives a 10:1 ratio of CH3CH(OH)CH2Cl and CH3CH(Cl)CH2OH. These compounds are treated with lime to give propylene oxide, which is useful in the production of plastics and other polymers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gordon Y. T. Liu, W. Frank Richey, Joanne E. Betso, Brian Hughes, Joanna Klapacz, and Joerg Lindner "Chlorohydrins" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2014, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a06_565.pub2